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The FAOSTAT Emissions database: 
Available data and major gaps - 
Francesco Tubiello, FAO 
Francesco 
N. 
Tubiello 
MICCA ...
FAO 
ObjecEves 
• IdenEfy 
miEgaEon 
strategies 
that 
are 
consistent 
with 
food 
security, 
resilience 
and 
rural 
dev...
FAO 
AcEviEes 
• Global 
data: 
FAOSTAT 
Emissions 
database 
for 
AFOLU, 
1961-­‐present, 
with 
country 
detail 
• Knowl...
FAOSTAT 
Emissions 
Database: 
A 
reference 
Tier 
1 
Exercise 
+ 
IPCC 2006 Guidelines 
= 
& geo-reference data
GHG 
Emissions 
Sta:s:cs: 
Categories 
DOMAIN CATEGORY GAS 
reported Data source 
LULUCF 
Forest land CO2 FRA 
Cropland CO...
Compiling 
new 
sta:s:cs 
using 
global 
maps 
Data 
on: 
– Burned 
areas 
for 
all 
land 
cover 
categories 
– Organic 
s...
Burning 
Biomass 
Ac:vity 
Data 
Total Savanna 
biomass burned in 
2012 (Tonnes) 
(Tier1 IPCC default 
methodology) 
Total...
Drained 
Organic 
Soils 
• 
Organic 
Soils 
(Histosols): 
-­‐ 
Harmonized 
World 
Soil 
Database 
(FAO, 
IIASA, 
ISRIC, 
C...
UElizaEon 
of 
geo-­‐referenced 
data 
2: 
Peatlands
World 
distribuEon 
of 
culEvated 
histosols
GHG 
Emissions 
Sta:s:cs: 
Categories 
DOMAIN CATEGORY GAS 
reported Data source 
Enteric Fermentation CH4 FAOSTAT 
Manure...
Addressing 
different 
data 
analysis 
needs: 
1. NaEonal, 
Regional 
and 
Global 
Assessments: 
Facilitate 
regional 
com...
New 
Data 
Analysis 
Tools 
in 
FAOSTAT 
Emissions 
Database
2. 
QA/QC 
Analyses 
Manure Left on Pasture 
Average 1990-2010 Annex I 
Rice 
Average 1990-2010 non-Annex I
Capacity 
Development-­‐Knowledge 
• Knowledge 
GeneraEon; 
GHG 
Data 
Analyses, 
Manuals 
in 
support 
of 
GHG 
Inventory...
Capacity 
Development-­‐Regional 
Sta:s:cs 
• Incep:on 
Workshop 
on 
Greenhouse 
Gas 
Emissions 
Sta:s:cs 
Da 
Lat, 
Viet...
Capacity 
Development-­‐BURs/NAMAs 
• BUR 
‘’Pilots’’ 
QA 
Mexico, 
Uruguay, 
Costa 
Rica 
• UN 
REDD 
Targeted 
Support 
...
Conclusions 
• Availability 
of 
a 
global 
greenhouse 
gas 
emission 
database 
by 
country, 
as 
tool 
to 
support 
memb...
Thank 
you 
for 
Your 
AXen:on! 
Contact: 
francesco.tubiello@fao.org; 
maghg@fao.org 
Website 
MAGHG: 
www.fao.org/climat...
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Tubiello FAOSTAT available data and major gaps Nov 11 2014

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Presentation at workshop: Reducing the costs of GHG estimates in agriculture to inform low emissions development
November 10-12, 2014
Sponsored by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Published in: Science
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Tubiello FAOSTAT available data and major gaps Nov 11 2014

  1. 1. The FAOSTAT Emissions database: Available data and major gaps - Francesco Tubiello, FAO Francesco N. Tubiello MICCA Monitoring and Assessment of GHG in Agriculture Food and Agriculture OrganizaEon of the United NaEons FAO, Rome Nov 11 2014
  2. 2. FAO ObjecEves • IdenEfy miEgaEon strategies that are consistent with food security, resilience and rural development goals • Support member countries to improve rural staEsEcs and report their GHG emissions from agriculture, forestry and the land use sector –NCs, BURs, NAMAs and REDD+ • Coordinate with relevant internaEonal programmes towards coherent frameworks, focusing naEonal staEsEcal processes –UNDP; UNREDD; UNFCCC; IPCC Global Strategy
  3. 3. FAO AcEviEes • Global data: FAOSTAT Emissions database for AFOLU, 1961-­‐present, with country detail • Knowledge generaEon: IPCC AR5 and IPCC Guidelines, GHG Reports • Capacity Development: Support member countries idenEfy and report GHG data for AFOLU –Manuals, Infografix
  4. 4. FAOSTAT Emissions Database: A reference Tier 1 Exercise + IPCC 2006 Guidelines = & geo-reference data
  5. 5. GHG Emissions Sta:s:cs: Categories DOMAIN CATEGORY GAS reported Data source LULUCF Forest land CO2 FRA Cropland CO2 Grassland CO2 Burning Biomass CH4, N2O, CO2 Wetlands CO2 Settlements CO2 Other land CO2 DOMAIN CATEGORY GAS reported Data source Agriculture Enteric Fermentation CH4 FAOSTAT Manure Management CH4, N2O FAOSTAT Rice Cultivation CH4 FAOSTAT Agricultural soils Synthetic Fertilizers N2O FAOSTAT Manure applied to soils N2O FAOSTAT Manure left on pasture N2O FAOSTAT Crop residues N2O FAOSTAT Cultivated organic soils N2O Burning - Savanna CH4, N2O Burning – Crop residues CH4, N2O FAOSTAT
  6. 6. Compiling new sta:s:cs using global maps Data on: – Burned areas for all land cover categories – Organic soils
  7. 7. Burning Biomass Ac:vity Data Total Savanna biomass burned in 2012 (Tonnes) (Tier1 IPCC default methodology) Total Savanna burned area in 2012 Ac#vity data from geo-­‐ referenced data • Organic soils map (HWSD) • Land Cover map (GLC 2000) • Burned area from satellite data (MODIS, GFED4) • ClimaEc map (JRC) • Forests map (FAO-­‐FRA) IPCC 2006 • Emissions from cul#vated organic soils • Emissions from Biomass Burning These new data are available through FAOSTAT as NaEonal aggregates, and soon for download as geo-­‐referenced data
  8. 8. Drained Organic Soils • Organic Soils (Histosols): -­‐ Harmonized World Soil Database (FAO, IIASA, ISRIC, CAS, JRC -­‐ 2012) • CulEvated (cropped) areas: -­‐ GLC 2000 (currently exploring MODIS 2001-­‐2010) • ClimaEc zones: -­‐ JRC map, 2010, according to IPCC prescripEons
  9. 9. UElizaEon of geo-­‐referenced data 2: Peatlands
  10. 10. World distribuEon of culEvated histosols
  11. 11. GHG Emissions Sta:s:cs: Categories DOMAIN CATEGORY GAS reported Data source Enteric Fermentation CH4 FAOSTAT Manure Management CH4, N2O FAOSTAT Rice Cultivation CH4 FAOSTAT Agricultural soils Synthetic Fertilizers N2O FAOSTAT Manure applied to soils N2O FAOSTAT Manure left on pasture N2O FAOSTAT Crop residues N2O FAOSTAT Cultivated organic soils N2O HWSD, GLC2000 Burning - Savanna CH4, N2O GFED4, JRC, FRA-GEZ DOMAIN CATEGORY GAS reported Data source LULUCF Forest land CO2 FRA Cropland CO2 HWSD, GLC2000 Grassland CO2 HWSD, GLC2000 Burning Biomass CH4, N2O, CO2 GFED4, HWSD Wetlands CO2 Settlements CO2 Other land CO2 Agriculture Agricultural soils Cultivated organic soils N2O Burning - Savanna CH4, N2O Burning – Crop residues CH4, N2O FAOSTAT http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/browse/G1/*/E
  12. 12. Addressing different data analysis needs: 1. NaEonal, Regional and Global Assessments: Facilitate regional comparisons and trend analysis for AFOLU –IPCC AR5 2. Fill data gaps and QA/QC procedures: Provide a reference, Tier 1 data framework for analysis of AFOLU GHG trends for all countries–EU 28 QA/QC in 2014 using FAOSTAT Emissions data 3. Develop Indicators: Derive complex GHG indexes useful for analysis and policy support 4. Access geo-­‐referenced data: Move beyond naEonally aggregated staEsEcs for the land use sector
  13. 13. New Data Analysis Tools in FAOSTAT Emissions Database
  14. 14. 2. QA/QC Analyses Manure Left on Pasture Average 1990-2010 Annex I Rice Average 1990-2010 non-Annex I
  15. 15. Capacity Development-­‐Knowledge • Knowledge GeneraEon; GHG Data Analyses, Manuals in support of GHG Inventory and submission processes Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Emissions by Sources and Removals by Sinks
  16. 16. Capacity Development-­‐Regional Sta:s:cs • Incep:on Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Sta:s:cs Da Lat, Viet Nam, 5 -­‐ 6 October 2012 33 parEcipants; 18 countries (Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Fiji, India, Indonesia, LAO PDR, Korea ROK, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Viet Nam) • Second FAO workshop on Sta:s:cs for Greenhouse Gases Emissions Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 3 -­‐ 4 June 2013 29 parEcipants; 18 countries (ArgenEna, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Dominican Republic, Peru, Uruguay, and Trinidad and Tobago) • Third FAO Regional workshop on Sta:s:cs for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Casablanca, Morocco, 2 -­‐ 3 December 2013 37 parEcipants; 23 countries (Algeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo Dem. Rep., Cote d'Ivoire, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia).
  17. 17. Capacity Development-­‐BURs/NAMAs • BUR ‘’Pilots’’ QA Mexico, Uruguay, Costa Rica • UN REDD Targeted Support Ecuador, Colombia, DRC, Congo • Special ac:vity on Peatlands Indonesia -­‐ Data Gaps; QA/QC -­‐ NaEonal StaEsEcal Processes -­‐ Interagency CoordinaEon -­‐ UNREDD, UNDP, UNFCCC, IPCC
  18. 18. Conclusions • Availability of a global greenhouse gas emission database by country, as tool to support member countries build a robust Tier 1 for AFOLU and perform QA/QC analyses on acEvity data and GHG emissions • Possibility of direct work with member countries • Focus on building coherency among relevant programmes, aimed at increasing efficiency of country impacts and donor resources
  19. 19. Thank you for Your AXen:on! Contact: francesco.tubiello@fao.org; maghg@fao.org Website MAGHG: www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/ghg WebsiteFAOSTAT: hlp://faostat.fao.org With Funding From:

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