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Tavseef Mairaj Shah, Climate Food and Farming (CLIFF) Network presentation November 2017

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The Climate Food and Farming (CLIFF) Research Network is an international research network that helps to expand young researchers' knowledge and experience working on climate change mitigation in smallholder farming. CLIFF provides grants for selected doctoral students to work with CGIAR researchers affiliated with the Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in Smallholder Systems (SAMPLES) project.

This presentation is entitled System of Rice Intensification with Intercropping by Tavseef Mairaj Shah, a scientist with the Institute of Wastewater Management and Water Protection Hamburg University of Technology.

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Tavseef Mairaj Shah, Climate Food and Farming (CLIFF) Network presentation November 2017

  1. 1. System of Rice Intensification (SRI) with Intercropping Tavseef Mairaj Shah Institute of Wastewater Management and Water Protection Hamburg University of Technology
  2. 2.  Food Sovereignty  World Soil Situation  Water Scarcity (Soil-Water-Food Nexus)  Climate Smart, Resource Efficient Agriculture.  System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Focus Areas
  3. 3.  More calories, less nutrients.  Future climatic conditions are projected to be worse than ever before.  Smallholders feed at least 70 % of the world population. Food Sovereignty
  4. 4.  Smallholders: 1 -10 hectare.  More than 500 million smallholder farms worldwide.  Livelihood of more than 2 billion people depends on small-scale agriculture. Smallholder agriculture
  5. 5.  More than 90% of all farms are smallholder farms but they make up just 25% percent of the total agricultural land.  Large scale monoculture farming decreases the soil quality in the long run.  Between 1960-90: 1/3rd of productive soil irreversibly degraded. Soil Situation
  6. 6.  Agriculture makes up to 70% of the world’s total water consumption.  3000-5000 litres of water per Kg of rice.  With the current ‘Agribusiness Model’ the consumption is expected to increase by 30% by 2030.  Water scarcity is already visible in South Asia; groundwater is either receding or becoming too polluted to be used. Water Scarcity
  7. 7.  A strategy that is not just climate-neutral but also contributes to improvement of the environment.  In view of resource scarcity, a more efficient agro-ecological strategy.  Food sovereignty: Food security through local and independent smallholder farms. What do we need?
  8. 8.  Achieving better yields from the same land area while reducing impacts on environment (climate).  Agro-ecological practices like alternate wetting and dryign, reduced tillage improve water and soil conservation.  The current paradigm of high input yielding high output is not indispensable. Sustainable Intensification
  9. 9.  A set of ‘radical’ practices in rice cultivation introduced in 1983 by Henri de Laulanie in Madagascar.  Less is more: Higher yields with lesser resources.  Hailed by many as the ‘most meaningful agricultural development of the last 50 years’. System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
  10. 10.  Seedlings are transplanted at a younger age—7 to 10 days, transplanted with wider spacing, no flooding of the field.  Better yields with lesser or no impact on the climate.  It is important because rice is the staple food for at least half the world population. http://sri.ciifad.cornell.edu/ What is SRI?
  11. 11.
  12. 12.  Higher yields, less CH4 emissions. Mitigation and Adaptation.  Global Warming Potential decreases by at least 20-30 %.  Improvement of soil quality, water retention capacity.  Improved resistance to extreme weather events. Reported SRI Benefits
  13. 13.  SRI in Kashmir. SRI Experiment
  14. 14.  SRI with Intercropping. SRI Experiments
  15. 15.  SRI with Intercropping. Results
  16. 16. My Online Interactive Lecture on SRI on www.ruvival.de Online Lecture
  17. 17.  Bibliography
  18. 18. Thank you!

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