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Swan CBP methods ws oct 2011


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Presentation for CCAFS - FAO workshop
Smallholder Mitigation: Whole Farm and Landscape Accounting

27 - 28 October 2011

Published in: Science
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Swan CBP methods ws oct 2011

  1. 1. CCFS Workshop 27th – 28th October The Carbon Benefits Project Modelling Component Tools as applied at the Landscape Scale
  2. 2. Sustainable Land Management Sustainable land management projects such as those supported by the GEF have potential to: - reduce GHG emissions - sequester C from the atmosphere
  3. 3. Before the Carbon Benefits Project • The GEF had no standardized way of tracking and reporting the impact of GEF land management projects on - carbon stock changes - greenhouse gas emissions • GEF projects either not reporting or using different methods • CBP toolkit developed for GEF projects to track and report in a standardized way
  4. 4. Reporting Module Measurement Module Remote Sensing Ground-based Measurement Protocol Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools MRV Module REDD & A/R Carbon Benefits Socioeconomic Tools UNEP Colorado State University (Modelling Component)
  5. 5. CSU Component, Plus Points for Smallholders 1. Online system 2. Easy to use 3. Options for projects with varying amounts of data including just activity data 4. Projects with varying emphasis 5. Economic and social tools
  6. 6. Project Description • Project activity areas large or as small as you like • At landscape scale either define large areas or multiple areas grouped together • Second option suitable for groups of smallholders spread over a a landscape
  7. 7. Enter, Manage, and Delete a Polygon
  8. 8. Guidance Online questionnaire to help users decide how much time, effort and resources to put into tracking C benefits. Provides recommendation on which C pools/GHG emissions to monitor. Recommendation is based on length of report period, project goal, available expertise, facilities, personnel and funding.
  9. 9. Guidance Guidance on how to improve C stock/GHG estimates using targeted field and lab measurements Set of questions to lead users to one of the three analysis tools a Simple Assessment, a Detailed Assessment or a Dynamic Modelling option
  10. 10. Simple Assessment
  11. 11. CBP Modelling System Data Requirements for Forestland • Locations of native forest or plantations, extent of interventions (ha) • Forest / Plantation System Type • Age Range (<= 20 years or > 20 years) • Natural Losses: • Fire (%/year) • Wind (%/year) • Pest/Disease (%/year) • Other (drought, etc.) (%/year) • Timber Harvests (m3/year) • Fuelwood Gathering (m3/year)
  12. 12. Simple Assessment
  13. 13. Simple Assessment
  14. 14. Detailed Assessment & Dynamic Modeling Detailed Assessment Same as the simple assessment with capacity for users to: 1.Create their own cropping, grassland or forest systems 2.Modify emission factors to make them project or country specific Dynamic Modelling An option for users wishing to do an in depth analysis with a focus on soil C. Requires some expertise in GIS and ecosystem modelling.
  15. 15. Socio-Economic Component • Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) – Quantitative analysis to determine economic impacts of project activities • DPSIR Framework (Driving Forces, Pressures, State, Impacts, Responses) – Qualitative analysis to identify the drivers and barriers to carbon friendly practices
  16. 16. Summary Report PDF, 7 pages • Project attributes • Total and annual C balance in CO2e for baseline, project and incremental diff • Tables - C changes by land use classes and emission sources • Economic Impacts • Social Impacts Detailed Report • Excel spreadsheet • GHG emissions C stock changes by source, activity area, land use, category • IPCC equation given • Uncertainty estimate
  17. 17. Carbon Benefits Project Toolkit Web Site User Group Contact for more information Dr Eleanor Milne