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Sustainable Intensification of Dairy Production Indonesia

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SIDPI Project
Update presented on September 15, 2017 to CCAFS at Wageningen University and Research Centre.

In association with IFA, University of Nebraska, YARA, and Global Yield Gap Atlas.

Published in: Science
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Sustainable Intensification of Dairy Production Indonesia

  1. 1. Sustainable Intensification of Dairy Production Indonesia (SIDPI project) Marion de Vries Progress Update CCAFS, September 15, 2017
  2. 2. 2 • Brief introduction SIDPI project • Activities 2017 • Emerging outputs • Fostering outcomes • Links to private sector Contents
  3. 3. Dairy production in Indonesia • Java, densely populated: • >50% Indonesia’s population • 98% of dairy cows • Increasing demand milk and dairy products • Growing middle class, dietary shifts • “Increase domestic milk production from 23 to 41% of national industrial demand by 2021” (Industry Ministry, 2017) • Increase quantity and quality, through: “improved cow care, increase cow population” • Nat. GHG reduction target 2030 (NDC): 29-41% below BAU 3
  4. 4. Challenges of dairy farming in a peri-urban context 4 Research area: Lembang, West-Java Average dairy farm: • Zero-grazing • 4 dairy cows, 2 young stock • 15.3 kg milk/cow/d • 0.34 ha/farm (5 LSU/ha)
  5. 5. Challenges of dairy farming in a peri-urban context 5 ➢ Very high density of cattle per unit of land; ➢ This leads to the challenge of: ➢ Obtaining sufficient and good quality fodder; ➢ Utilizing manure as fertilizer. ➢ Further aggravated by the fact that most land is located far away from farms
  6. 6. Goal Duration: April 2016 – March 2019 To sustainably increase farmer incomes and improve livelihoods in smallholder dairy production systems in Indonesia. ➢ Increasing herd and cow productivity ➢ Improve resource use efficiency ➢ Reduce greenhouse gas emissions
  7. 7. 7 Advisory Board ▪ Mr. Sybren Attema (chair), Royal FrieslandCampina ▪ Mrs. Lini Wollenberg, CCAFS (funding agency) ▪ Mrs. Lucie Wassink, Dutch Embassy Indonesia ▪ Mr. Nabil Chinniah, PT Trouw Nutrition Indonesia ▪ Mr. Mohamad Yamin, IPB Fac. of Animal Sciences ▪ Mr. Mr. Dody Firman Nugraha, West Java province ● Mrs. Marion de Vries (secretariat)
  8. 8. Strategies to achieve project aims Strategies: 1. Improvement of manure management at farm and cooperative level 2. Improvement of feeding and nutrition on farms
  9. 9. 9 Activities 2016 2017 2018 Improve manure management, feeding and nutrition
  10. 10. SIDPI supported interventions 10 1. Manure application on land for fodder production (liquid/solid) 2. Selling cattle manure to vegetable/flower farms (liquid/solid) 3. Improved feeding practices (increased roughage, balanced rations) 4. Fodder conservation (maize silage) 5. Improved feed/water trough 6. Legumes 7. (possibly) Premix
  11. 11. Baseline GHG emissions (average Lembang farm) 11 > Baseline survey 300 randomly selected dairy farms Lembang > Life Cycle Assessment (cradle to farm gate): • Milk yield 4415 kg/cow/y • 31,565 kg CO2-eq./farm/year • 1.8 kg CO2-eq./kg FPCM • 8.5 kg CO2-eq./kg live weight
  12. 12. Productivity and emission intensity milk 12 Source: Gerber et al., 2011
  13. 13. Effect of mitigation strategies (preliminary results) 13
  14. 14. Activities 2017 14 So far: - Baseline survey (300 farms), farm assessments (50 farms) - Farmer/stakeholder workshops (joint identification of low emission solutions suitable for implementation Lembang) - Startup 2 PhD projects (Ms. Windi Al Zahra, Ms. Titis Apdini): -Manure management strategies for sustainable intensification of smallholder dairy farms in Indonesia. -Improved Feeding Practices to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Smallholder Dairy Farms in Indonesia - 5 MSc projects (WUR/IPB)
  15. 15. Activities 2017 – pilots 15 Demo farm dairy cooperative Lembang
  16. 16. Activities 2017 – pilots 16 Demo farm: 1. Feed pilot: balanced rations, feeding frequency, forage quantity 2. Training maize silaging (Trouw Nutrition/WUR) 3. Construction storage unit FYM & compost (IPB/WUR) 4. Fertilization trial Elephant grass (PhD research) • N-effect manure on growth and nutritive value • Potential N and P losses (different manure types) 5. Monitoring milk production and feeding
  17. 17. Activities 2017 – pilots 17 Pilot farms (7 farmers): • Test different feeding interventions (improved feed/water trough, balanced rations, making maize silage) • Test different manure interventions (fertilization fodder, solid manure storage, compost sales, legumes) • Collectively by farmer groups: maize silage, composting
  18. 18. Activities 2017 – research (1) 18 Finished (/almost): - Baseline GHG emissions and effects of mitigation strategies - Cost-effectiveness manure interventions (abstract Tropentag; Ndambi and De Vries 2017) - Manure situation Lembang dairy farms (MSc thesis) - Nutrient balances pilot farms (MSc thesis) - Lab analyses manure and feed samples (IPB/EUROFINS)
  19. 19. Activities 2017 – research (2) 19 Ongoing: - Fertilization trial Elephant grass (PhD) - GHG emissions pilot farms/effects interventions (MSc/PhD) - GHG emissions 30 other dairy farms (‘control group’; PhD) - Lab analyses manure/feed/soil samples Bilateral funding (EZ, CCAFS/WUR): - “Closing Regional Nutrient Cycles for Low-Emission Agriculture” - EZ ‘kennis op maat’(‘tailored knowledge’) communication
  20. 20. Emerging outputs 20 • Report baseline characteristics and ecological performance of dairy farms in Lembang (D1969) • 3 MSc theses (nutrient balances dairy farms Lembang, GHG emissions and identification of hotspots; D1970/72) • Conference abstracts/presentations (D1979) • Training low emission practices (D1875), FGD’s (D1971) • Blog (D1977/80), factsheet BMP low-emission dairy (D1977) • Contribution to CCAFS publication (mitigation/adaptation trade-offfs and synergies)
  21. 21. Fostering CCAFS outcomes 2022 21 (1)# of low emissions plans developed that have significant mitigation potential for 2030, i.e. will contribute to at least 5% GHG emissions reduction or reach at least 10,000 farmers, with all plans examined for their gender implications SIDPI strategy: Technical and policy guidance to stakeholders for LED priorities dairy. > Feed and manure interventions contributing to 2-25% GHG emission reduction with same milk volume)
  22. 22. Fostering CCAFS outcomes 2022 22 Stakeholders: ➢ Privat sector (dairy cooperatives Java, processors FC/FFI, Trouw Nutrition Indonesia) ➢ Provincial/national government (West-Java province, ministries Industry/MoA (strategy NDC agriculture) ➢ Knowledge institutes (IPB, Padjajaran university, Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production) ➢ International (research) organizations (ILRI, GRA, Global Agenda Sustainable Livestock (GASL), etc.)
  23. 23. Fostering CCAFS outcomes 2022 23 (2) # of agricultural development initiatives where CCAFS science is used to target and implement interventions to increase input efficiency ➢ Same approach (i.e. SIDPI interventions improving feed conversion and nutrient use efficiency) ➢ Same stakeholders
  24. 24. Fostering CCAFS outcomes 2022 24 (3) # of organisations adapting their plans or directing investment to increase women's participation in decision- making about LED in agriculture ➢ Included, but not main focus of research
  25. 25. Links to privat sector 25 - Dairy cooperatives Java: - KPSBU Lembang (4500 farms/100-150 pilot farms 2018) - KPSBU is chair of national federation of dairy cooperatives - Most of Indonesia’s 192.000 dairy farmers are on Java - Frisian Flag Indonesia (project partner) - FrieslandCampina: - Chair of Advisory Board (Sybren Attema) - Dairy Development Programme: 250.000 dairy farmers in 8 countries - Trouw Nutrition Indonesia (project partner)
  26. 26. Marion.deVries@wur.nl 26 Thank you
  27. 27. CCAFS Deliverables 2017 27 • D1875: Training on improved, low-emission feeding, manure, and animal management - ?? • D1976 - Stakeholder workshop on BMPs for feeding, manure, and animal management in Lembang dairy farms - feb • D1971 - Farmer focus group discussions on implementation of BMPs – najaar • D1980 - Newsitems on results of baseline survey – nu, wie? • D1977 - News items on piloting of low-emission practices at 10-15 practical dairy farms Lembang – najaar, wie? • D1974 - Factsheet BMP low-emission feeding, manure, and animal management in SHF – najaar, wie?
  28. 28. CCAFS Deliverables 2018 28 • D2208 - Effects of BMPs on productivity, resource use efficiency, and GHG emissions of Lembang dairy farms (workshop report+popular Media article) – monitoring 100 pilot farms door PhD’s • D2211 - Key factors influencing adoption of LED practices on 100-150 practical dairy farms in Lembang (workshop report+popular Media article) – monitoring 100 pilot farms door PhD’s / NWO project • D2212 - Farmer and stakeholder workshops on adoption of BMPs in Lembang dairy farms; • D2230 - MSc theses on adoption of BMPs and effects on technical/ecological performance of Lembang dairy farms • D2213 - Practice guidelines for countries, supply chains and donors for LED priorities in smallholder dairy production • D2216 - Scientific publications on GHG, resource efficiency, and adoption of LED strategies in smallholder dairy farming
  29. 29. Activities (CCAFS MARLO) 29 Pilots • A603 - Piloting of improved practices (1, 10-15, 100-150 farms) • A681 - Trainings and demonstrations • A605 - Workshops and meetings Research • A606 - PhD and MSc research • A610 - Field experiments (fertilization trial) • A602 - Monitoring and evaluation (1, 10-15, 100-150 farms)
  30. 30. Milestones towards outcome 1 30 2017 - Identification of GHG hotspots in feeding, manure, animal health in dairy farms, prioritization of BMP’s 2018 – identification of key factors influencing adoption (monitoring adoption process in 100-150 farms) 2019 - Dissemination of BMPs & experiences to other parts of Indonesia and SE Asia, including local and national government, Dutch Embassy, International (research) organisations, NGOs, universities / education institutes
  31. 31. Milestones towards outcome 2 31 2017 – Pilots KPSBU & 10-15 farms to improve feed/land/nutrient use efficiency 2019 – Prioritisation of best practices by stakeholders/farmers; identification of key factors influencing adoption (monitoring adoption process in 100-150 farms)
  32. 32. Contribution to plans/initiatives 32 - Dairy processors/cooperatives Java: strategy for increase domestic milk production to 41%, loans BMP’s (most of 192.000 Indonesian dairy farmers located on Java) - West Java provincial gov.: mitigation strategies, running projects - Ministries (Industry/MoA): NDC mitigation strategy towards 2030 (e.g. policy brief) - Privat sector: FrieslandCampina (DDP: 250.000 farmers in 8 countries), Frisian Flag Indonesia (FFI; processors 50% increase national milk production), Trouw Nutrition Indonesia (maize silage, pre-mix); - Universities: IPB Agricultural University Bogor (Studium Generale)

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