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1 
Systematic review approach to 
identifying key trends in 
adaptation governance at the 
supranational level 
Livia Bizi...
2 
Systematic review 
• It involves reviewing documents according to clearly 
formulated criteria, using systematic and ex...
3 
Conducted searchers 
• Analyses of climate change adaptation governance, food 
security and at the national and suprana...
4 
Total no. 369 
Sub-national focus no. 
223 
Supranational focus no. 
146 
Water and fisheries 
13 
Disaster 
reduction ...
5 
Criteria to sort the papers 
• 10 major criteria and 74 sub-criteria were used 
• Geographic scale 
• Geographic locati...
6 
Major focus of the reviewed documents 
(n = 52) 
• 10 papers with global focus only 
• Regions: EU (6), Sub-Saharan Afr...
7 
Focus of the papers 
(n = 98) 
• Focused on multiple aspects of food security and related 
agricultural issues/food sys...
8 
Climate Change Mitigation 
• Issues: mitigation in the agriculture and livestock sectors; 
biofuel production; policy c...
9 
Climate Change Impacts 
• Focus on governance systems, policies, institutions to 
respond/prepare for climate change im...
10 
Types of governance measures discussed 
(n = 180)
11 
Types of governance measures listed 
• Connecting key sectors to identify synergies and trade-off 
is critical for eff...
12 
Barriers for governance listed 
(n = 109)
13 
Barriers for governance listed 
• Policy/ institutional coordination challenges to undertake 
integrated approaches (c...
14 
Some conclusions 
• Challenges for governance systems to address 
integration of different areas (beyond cross-sectori...
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Systematic review approach to identifying key trends in adaptation governance at the supranational level

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Presentation held by Livia Bizikova during the Governance & Institutions Across Scales in Climate Resilient Food Systems Brussels Workshop 9-11 Sept 2014. Workshop held by CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) Flagship 4.

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Systematic review approach to identifying key trends in adaptation governance at the supranational level

  1. 1. 1 Systematic review approach to identifying key trends in adaptation governance at the supranational level Livia Bizikova, Daniella Echeverria and Anne Hammill
  2. 2. 2 Systematic review • It involves reviewing documents according to clearly formulated criteria, using systematic and explicit methods to select and critically appraise relevant information (Lesnikowski et al. 2011; Berrang-Ford et al. 2011; Ford et al, 2011). • This approach, common in health sciences, has recently been applied to climate change studies to assess current knowledge about climate change impacts and adaptation measures, human health (Lesnikowski et al. 2011) the Arctic regions of Canada (Ford and Pearce 2010), and in general regarding the governance of adaptation (Biesbroek et al, in press).
  3. 3. 3 Conducted searchers • Analyses of climate change adaptation governance, food security and at the national and supranational levels. • we used Google Scholar and ScienceDirect Category Included Excluded Type Journal papers Books, book chapters, editorials, grey literature Publication year 2008 - 2014 Papers published earlier were excluded Focus Aspects of agriculture and food security Other sectorial focus Geographic scale National Sub-national; local; farm, operations-level; community-level Regional Global
  4. 4. 4 Total no. 369 Sub-national focus no. 223 Supranational focus no. 146 Water and fisheries 13 Disaster reduction 21 Small- scale agriculture 11 Water and fisheries 21 Adaptation and mitigation 14 Urban/cities 39 Rural, CBA 24 Sub-national governance systems 39 Local governance 14 other 59 Water and fisheries 13 Ecosystems/ forestry 19 Regional governance 24 Other 38 Food-focus 52
  5. 5. 5 Criteria to sort the papers • 10 major criteria and 74 sub-criteria were used • Geographic scale • Geographic location • Level of development • Aspect of agriculture & food security addressed • Other sectoral focus (secondary to agriculture & food): • Mitigation issues included or do not (+details) • Climate change impact discussed • Type of adaptation actions • Governance aspects • Identified governance challenges
  6. 6. 6 Major focus of the reviewed documents (n = 52) • 10 papers with global focus only • Regions: EU (6), Sub-Saharan Africa (6), Caribbean, South East Asia, Mekong Delta • Countries: 45 countries included; Australia (6), UK (6), US (4), Finland (4), Netherlands (3); Bangladesh (2), Mozambique (2), Spain (2); Mexico (2), Germany (2), Canada (2) • Development status of the countries: 11 on developed countries only, 9 only on developing countries, 20 both developed and developing; LDCs included within these groups
  7. 7. 7 Focus of the papers (n = 98) • Focused on multiple aspects of food security and related agricultural issues/food system issues • Natural resources, policy and food availability (shared focus)
  8. 8. 8 Climate Change Mitigation • Issues: mitigation in the agriculture and livestock sectors; biofuel production; policy coordination between A and M, trade offs for A and M in the context of agriculture
  9. 9. 9 Climate Change Impacts • Focus on governance systems, policies, institutions to respond/prepare for climate change impacts • Specific impacts: droughts, floods, extreme events
  10. 10. 10 Types of governance measures discussed (n = 180)
  11. 11. 11 Types of governance measures listed • Connecting key sectors to identify synergies and trade-off is critical for effective adaptation, mainstreaming and then by vertical coordination promoting implementation • Creating a relevant mix of policies (frameworks, review of current policies and new policies) • Improving institutions to promote vertical coordination • Communication about policy actions, encouraging behavioral change such actions should be core part of policy making (more important then stakeholders consultation) • Adjusting decision-making processes within and between donor and national institutions. They include impact assessments, indicator and reporting systems as well as improvements of the policy dialogue
  12. 12. 12 Barriers for governance listed (n = 109)
  13. 13. 13 Barriers for governance listed • Policy/ institutional coordination challenges to undertake integrated approaches (climate change, food system, health economic, health, social, and environmental agendas) and complex trade-offs; integration of risks and related accountability and transparency • Targeted impact information • Better coordination between global and regional levels to help translate issues to the national level sharing a similar context (role of different levels) • Integration important ‘bottom-up’ processes with ‘top-down’ high-level policy strategies and visions • Vague definitions for policy focus (vulnerable groups)
  14. 14. 14 Some conclusions • Challenges for governance systems to address integration of different areas (beyond cross-sectorial coordination) • Limited regional focus/role of regional assessments and then linking with global and national • Limited focus on some aspects related to food security (pastoralism, markets, infrastructure) • Information and communication of specific impacts

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