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Gender and women’s participation in REDD+ national decision-making in Vietnam


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Presentation by Pham Thu Thuy at the Closing the gender gap in farming under climate change event on 19 March 2015 in Paris.

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Published in: Environment
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Gender and women’s participation in REDD+ national decision-making in Vietnam

  1. 1. Gender and women’s participation in REDD+ national decision-making in Vietnam Pham Thu Thuy, Mai Hoang Yen, Moira Moeliono, Esther Mwangi and Maria Brockhaus
  2. 2. Gender and women’s participation in REDD+ national decision-making in Vietnam
  3. 3. THINKING beyond the canopy Why genders matter to REDD+ ?  Gender equality rights are human rights (UNREDD 2012)  Mainstreaming gender into REDD+ can help improve the efficiency, efficacy and long-term sustainability of REDD+.  Inequitable distribution of benefits and excluding women - - from meaningful participation in decision making may not yield intended outcomes under planned REDD+ initiatives or may further impair efforts at poverty reduction and sustainable resource management  not taking gender into account in policy research undermines potential opportunities for successful policy implementation as it may distort the understanding of human impacts on resources management, hinder forestry planning and skew resource allocation
  4. 4. Yet.. Gender issues are not considered in national REDD+ program policies and strategies • “Ensuring gender equity” remains a nice slogan • Limited clear, detailed requirements and guidance on gender mainstreaming at national and sub-national levels • Current benefit sharing mechanism and FPIC overlooked and lacks approaches to ensure that women„s strategic needs are met.  Current effort only stop at ensuring the certain number of women participants  Inadequate representation of women: 2 women out of 15 members in national REDD+ steering committees,  shortage of staff trained in ways to integrate gender into forestry/REDD+ activities  Lack of available data on women leadership
  5. 5. THINKING beyond the canopy Low level of women’s participation in decision-making in REDD+  nominal participation: being membership of the group (REDD+ working group, women‟s union)  passive participation: being informed of decisions, attending meetings and listening in on decision-making without speaking up  consultative participation: being asked an opinion in specific matters without guarantee of influencing decisions  activity-specific participation: being asked to (or volunteering to) undertake specific tasks  active participation: expressing opinion, whether or not solicited, or taking initiatives of other sorts and  interactive (empowering) participation: having voice and influence in the group‟s decisions; holding positions as office bearers.
  6. 6. THINKING beyond the canopy Opportunities and barriers to women’s equal access to and full participation in leadership and decision- making Opportunities • Current efforts/proposal in including gender dimension in national REDD+/PES fund disbursement/monitoring protocol • Donors‟ pressure to tackle gender Barriers • Lack of political will promote women‟s leadership • Lack of regular funding for capacity building for women‟s development and gender mainstreaming • Promotion requirements and recruitment process prefer men and overlooks women‟s interest and role
  7. 7. THINKING beyond the canopy Recommendations Government  Detailed guidance on how to implement and mainstream gender in current land use planning, forest land allocation and implementation of REDD+ for local authorities, particularly at provincial, district and commune staff  Capacity building and awareness raising for government staff on gender  Ensure “process oriented” rather “tick boxes”  Allocate regular funding and adjust recruitments and promotion requirements CSOs  Promote and improve women leadership at local level and best practice on gender mainstreaming  Monitor implementation of gender related policies Academia:  More research and evidence, data on women leadership and participation