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Overcoming barriers through intergovernmental dialogue on silvopastoral systems in Latin America


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This presentation was given on 25 June 2019 by Marta Suber (ICRAF) for the CCAFS and USAID webinar Making trees count: MRV for agroforestry under UNFCCC. See the introductory presentation for more detail: Agroforestry for livelihoods and climate.

Published in: Science
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Overcoming barriers through intergovernmental dialogue on silvopastoral systems in Latin America

  1. 1. Overcomingbarriers through intergovernmentaldialogueon silvopastoral systems in Latin America Marta Suber World Agroforestry Latin Americaoffice
  2. 2. he role of silvopastoral systems in LA ational climate agendas Deforestation historically fueled by agricultural land expansion for livestock SPS broadly recognized as fundamental practice to reduce emissions Several countries seek to implement silvopastoral system for mitigation (i.e. Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Colombia) Several livestock NAMAs under design or implementation (i.e Colombia, Peru, Costa Rica) Just Brasil and Uruguay explicitly included SPS in the NDC (in 2006)
  3. 3. key aspects for Silvopastoral Systems n Latin American countries Agroforestry as source of wide range of products and environmental services Constraints of different nature exist in recognizing and accounting silvopastoral systems as climate action  Silvopastoral systems for increase productivity to reduce pression on forest (46% sectorial emissions from land use change activities)  i.e technical knowledge and EF and AD lack prevents estimates for disaggregated reports for IPCC 2006 categories Rarely visible in GHG inventories  a change is now possible and foreseen thanks to Remi and colleagues publication
  4. 4. … to overcome together common difficulties by lookingat:  Definitions and land use categorization  Reportingrequirements  MRV progresses and AD& EF availability  Success stories An extensive network…
  5. 5. …included > 30 activeparticipants from:  Publicsector  Ministries representatives  NAMA coordinators  Livestockfederation (FEDEGAN)  Nationaland international research centers (INTA, CIPAV, EMBRAPA, ICRAF, CIAT, CATIE, CIFOR)  RedINGEI  FAO, UNEP-DTU An extensive network…
  6. 6. …resulting in a decision-making tree
  7. 7. …and a roadmap to turn the invisible visible address that: Most of the countries lacks a legal SPS definition, or are not adapted to CC or when multiple not consistent Other accountability schemes (REDD+) could be compromised by a new definition of SPS A general lack of DA & EF It was proposed to:  Work jointly on a common ecosystem-based definition valid for CC  Establish common guidelines for SPS inclusion under other schemes  Rely on RedINGEI and local initiatives to establish/reinforce data generation capacity across countries and actors  Consider the use of new IPCC values for agroforestry
  8. 8. wo successful stories of ways forward Costa Rica SIMOCUTE high level workshop: Next activity: SPS Activity Data generation in Colombia, Panama, Peru. A review of information sources, data quality and available methodologies. Starting June 2019 “…it was really useful to us—we’ve already agreed on a follow-up workshop to work on descriptors that we can use for Livestock NAMA and, under the same MRV principles applicable also to agroforestry, expand to the Coffee NAMA too.” Mauricio Chancón, leader of Low Emission Livestock Strategy and the Livestock NAMA
  9. 9. Overcoming barriers through ntergovernmental dialogue on ilvopastoral systems in Latin America Many thanks for your attention Marta Suber: