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Monitoring CSA outcomes

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Understanding adoption, synergies and tradeoffs at farmand household level
CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security

FAO CSA metrics workshop, March 14th2019

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Monitoring CSA outcomes

  1. 1. Osana Bonilla-Findji, Anton Eitzinger, Nadine Andrieu, Ivonne Acosta, Ngoni Chirinda, Maria Alejandra Garcia, Jennifer Twyman, Andy Jarvis. CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Monitoring CSA outcomes Understanding adoption, synergies and tradeoffs at farm and household level FAO CSA metrics workshop, March 14th 2019
  2. 2. AR4D Climate-smart village network
  3. 3. Integrated framework to monitor CSA in the field Associated set of standard indicators + rapid and reliable ICT-based data collection instrument to systematically assess and monitor: CSA Adoption (community level) CSA effects on Food security and livelihoods (household level) CSA effects on Farm performance 1 2 3
  4. 4. The multidimensional framework Pillar Dimension Categories # Indicator Adoption trends HH livelihoods Events affecting ag. income Impacts on agricultural income X X Climate shocks Climate-related impacts on income X X Shocks Livelihood Security 1 CSA effect on yield/production X X 2 CSA effect on income X X Food Security 3 Effect of CSA practices on food access X X 4 Effect of CSA practices on food diversity X X 5 Fulfillment of basic food needs X 6 Household Food Insecurity Access score (HFIAS) X 7 Household Food Insecurity Access Prevalence (HFIAP) X 8 Food sources share X PRODUCTIVITY Livelihoods 9 Δ Agricultural income 10 Agricultural income sources (on/off-farm) Food Security Δ3 Δ Degree of fullfilment of basic food needs X Δ4 Δ Positive change in HFIAS score X Δ5 Δ Positive change in HFIAP X Δ6 Δ Positive effect of CSA practices on food diversity X 11 Coping strategies X 12 Access to agricultural credit X X Financial enablers 13 Access to agricultural credit with climate related intention 14 Access to agricultural insurance X X 15 Access to agricultural insurance (Climate Intention) 16 Access to financial services from buyers or providers X 17 Saving capacities associated to agricultural income X X 18 On-farm Investment capacities X X 19 On-farm Investment (Climate intention) X Absortive Capacity Coping Strategies ADAPTATION
  5. 5. Pillar Dimension Categories # Indicator Adoption trends HH livelihoods Events affecting ag. income Impacts on agricultural income X X Climate shocks Climate-related impacts on income X X Shocks Livelihood Security 1 CSA effect on yield/production X X 2 CSA effect on income X X Food Security 3 Effect of CSA practices on food access X X 4 Effect of CSA practices on food diversity X X 5 Fulfillment of basic food needs X 6 Household Food Insecurity Access score (HFIAS) X 7 Household Food Insecurity Access Prevalence (HFIAP) X 8 Food sources share X PRODUCTIVITY The multidimensional framework Δ6 Δ Positive effect of CSA practices on food diversity X 11 Coping strategies X 12 Access to agricultural credit X X Financial enablers 13 Access to agricultural credit with climate related intention 14 Access to agricultural insurance X X 15 Access to agricultural insurance (Climate Intention) 16 Access to financial services from buyers or providers X 17 Saving capacities associated to agricultural income X X 18 On-farm Investment capacities X X 19 On-farm Investment (Climate intention) X 20 Changes in agricultural activities X Autonomous changes 21 Autonomous changes in agricultural activities X 22 Autonomous changes in crops X 23 Autonomous changes in livestock activities X 24 Autonomous changes in animals X Climate induced changes 25 Climate-induced changes in agricultural activities X 26 Climate-induced changes in crops X 27 Climate-induced changes in livestock activities X 28 Climate-induced changes in animals X 29 Effect of climate-induced changes on adaptive capacity X CSA Adoption 30 CSA practices implementation X X 31 Effect of CSA practices on climate vulnerability X X (Gender equity) 32 CSA effect on labor time X X 33 CSA effect over access/control over generated resources X X 34 Participation in decision making associated to CSA implementation X X 35 Level of participation in CSA implementation X X 36 Participation in decision making associated to CSA dis-adoption X X Access to CIS 37 Access to climate information services X X 38 CSA awareness X X 39 Access to CSA training X X 40 Capacity to use climate information X X 41 Access to CIS training X X 42 Access to value chain training X Autonomous 43 Autonomous transformation capacity X X Drivers to autonomous transformational changes XClimate induced 44 Transformation capacity in response to climate shocks X X Absortive Capacity Adaptive Capacity Risk Mitigation Coping Strategies Transformative Capacity ADAPTATION Knowledge and learning
  6. 6. Pillar Indicador Metrics Productivity Caloric ratio of the farm (%) Caloric supply/Caloric demand x 100 Fodder ratio of the farm (%) Fodder supply/Fodder demand x 100 Cost benefit ratio (%) Benefit/Cost x 100 Adaptation Biodiversity index (%) Based on Gobbi, J., Casasola, F., 2003. Water balance (%) Water supply/water demand x 100 Nutrient balance (%) Nutrient supply/nutrient demand x 100 Mitigation Emission/Sequestration of CO2 CoolFarmTool The multidimensional framework CSA performance, synergies and trade-offs at farm level Prospective assessment of Synergies and tradeoffs -5 -3 0 3 5 8 10 P AdAtt Conventional survey + Farm model =>
  7. 7. The Smart App  Cost-effectiveness  Global applicability CSA options Climate Shocks Climate Services Livelihood security and Financial services Food security Farm Calculator Animal Calculator Crop Calculator Registration Demographic
  8. 8. Results 78% 22% 342 hh 71% 83% 74% 0% 20% 40% 60% Water terraces Agroforestry Improved intercropping maize/ beans Improved intercropping maize/cassava Iimproved early maturing cassava Improved and biofortified beans/sweet potato households male-headed female-headed Reach Climate effects CSA Adoption
  9. 9. CSA Outcomes Perceived effect of CSA practices 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Male Female Male Female Increased production Income generation Agroforestry Water terraces Improved intercropping maize/ beans Improved intercropping maize/cassava Improved early maturing cassava Improved and biofortified beans/sweet potato Productivity
  10. 10. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Male Female Male Female Improved food access Increased food diversity Agroforestry Water terraces Improved intercropping maize/ beans Improved intercropping maize/cassava Improved early maturing cassava Improved and biofortified beans/sweet potato CSA Outcomes Perceived effect of CSA practices Food security
  11. 11. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Male Female Decreasing climate vulnerability CSA Outcomes Perceived effect of CSA practices Adaptation
  12. 12. CSA Outcomes Perceived effect on gender 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% M F M F M F Increased labour time No effect Decreased labour time Labour
  13. 13. CSA effects on farm performance 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Productivity Adaptation Mitigation Farm 1 Farm 2 • crop rotation • improved varieties • integrated nutrient management • organic fertilizers • ties ridges.
  14. 14. Advantages of the new CSA Monitoring framework • Standard, cost effective tool • Real time data collection • Global applicability and flexibility • Application of the three CSA lenses • Multi-level scope: Estimates both farm performance, livelihood outcomes and gender dimensions
  15. 15. Thank you! More information: o.bonilla@cigar.org
  16. 16. Questions Answers &

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