SAARC Seed Bank


Published on

Presentation by Md Alam, Bangladesh on the SAARC Seed Bank at the at the CCAFS Workshop on Institutions and Policies to Scale out Climate Smart Agriculture held between 2-5 December 2013 in Colombo, Sri Lanka

Published in: Technology, Business
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

SAARC Seed Bank

  1. 1. Workshop on Institutions and Policies for Scaling Out Climate Smart Agriculture SAARC SEED BANK POLICY Muhammad Nurul Alam Senior Program Specialist, SAC 2-3 December 2013, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  2. 2. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) • Established in 1985 involving seven countries 1. Bangladesh, 5. Nepal, 2. Bhutan, 6. Pakistan and 3. India, 7. Sri Lanka 4. Maldives, Later on in 2007 8. Afghanistan joined SAARC as a member
  3. 3. •Provides a platform for the peoples of the member states to work together in a spirit of friendship, trust and understanding. •SAARC focuses on regional cooperation and covers many areas for regional development including agriculture. •Agriculture is the main stay of the livelihood of the peoples of the region. •Contribution of Agriculture to GDP is around 20% and 50-60 % peoples are engaged in agriculture directly or indirectly.
  4. 4. • Considering that the agriculture as the priority sector that engaged majority of population and supported their livelihood, SAARC decided to open the first regional centre to support agriculture development in 1988 as SAARC Agriculture Information Centre (SAIC)  Renamed in 2007 as SAARC Agriculture Centre (SAC) with broader mandate  Regional cooperation in agriculture and Rural development;  Address the agriculture needs of the Region
  5. 5. Regional Centres of SAARC 1. SAARC Agricultural Centre (SAC), Dhaka 2. SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC), Dhaka 3. SAARC Tuberculosis Centre (STC), Kathmandu 4. SAARC Documentation Centre (SDC), New Delhi 5. SAARC Human Resources Dev.Centre (SHRDC), Islamabad 6. SAARC Coastal Zone Management Centre (SCZMC), Maldives 7. SAARC Information Centre (SIC), Nepal 8. SAARC Energy Centre (SEC), Pakistan 9. SAARC Disaster Management Centre (SDMC), India 10. SAARC Forestry Centre (SFC), Bhutan 11. SAARC Cultural Centre (SCC), Sri Lanka
  6. 6. • SAARC Seed Bank • • Recognizing the importance of regional and subregional collective self reliance in Agriculture with attaining self security as a means of ensuring food security, particularly addressing the adverse effect of natural and manmade calamities the agreement of establishing SAARC Seed Bank was signed by the foreign ministers of the eight member states in Addu, Maldives summit held on November, 2011.
  7. 7. The establishment of a Regional Seed Bank inter alia may contribute to the objective of harmonized seed testing and certification, facilitate seed trade within the region by Member States, and would thereby contribute to attaining respective Food Security;
  8. 8. Objectives: to provide regional support to national seed security efforts; address regional seed shortages through collective actions and foster inter-country partnerships. to promote increase of Seed Replacement Rate (SRR) with appropriate varieties at a faster rate as far as possible so that the use of quality seed for crop production can be ensured; and to act as a regional seed security reserve for the Member States
  9. 9. Common Varieties: Member States will collaborate with each other in the development of a list of common variety (ies) of major priority/identified crops while recognizing the need to preserve local/ indigenous varieties as may be appropriate
  10. 10. Maintaining Seed Quality: Member State will develop a Common Minimum Seed Quality Standard (CMQS) and Seed Testing Procedures for different quality attributes e.g. genetic purity, germination capacity, physical purity, moisture content, seed health keeping conformity of the ISTA procedures
  11. 11. Seed Reserve: •The seed reserve to be maintained shall consist of quality seeds of rice, wheat, pulses and oilseeds •This reserve shall remain the property of the Member State which has earmarked it and shall be in addition to any national reserve that may be maintained by that Member State •Member States would maintain at least one percent of seed stock of the common varieties under the Seed Bank reserves.
  12. 12. Procedure for the release of the seed: The Member State in need shall directly notify, through its designated Nodal Point(s), the other Member State(s) of the amount of seed required. The other Member State(s), on being so requested, shall take immediate steps to make necessary arrangements to ensure immediate and speedy release of the required quality seed, subject to availability
  13. 13. Institutional Arrangements: - Seed Bank Board consisting of one member from each Member State, one farmer representative on rotational basis from a Member State and two members from private sector (SAARC Seed Forum) Each Member State shall designate a Nodal Point responsible for transacting all business at the national-level related to operations of the Seed Bank.
  14. 14. The Board shall undertake activities to develop a list of common crop varieties, quality testing method, Common Seed Certification Standard and Procedures; facilitate harmonization of legislative measures; examine immediate short term and long term policy action, as may be considered necessary, to ensure adequate supplies of quality seeds in the region; review implementation process
  15. 15. Framework for Material Transfer: To operationalize the SAARC Seed Bank, the Framework for Material Transfer shall be applicable with a view to facilitate easy movement of seeds and plant materials across the Member States.
  16. 16. SAARC Seed Forum (SSF) As per recommendation of the Workshop (December 2009, India) on “Quality Seed in SAARC member countries: Production, Processing, Legal & Quality Control and Marketing System” SSF was established during the “Bangladesh Seed Congress & Fair-2010”, Bangladesh with the mandate to promote sustainable and coherent development of Seed System.
  17. 17. The specific objectives: - to advocate and support development of harmonized and suitable policies and strategies and regulatory frameworks; - to help preparing action plan and pursuing of implementation for sustainable development of seed system - to act as a common platform to promote business among the countries
  18. 18. .