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Learning Event No. 1: Highlights. ARDD2012 Rio.

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Key messages from Learning Event No. 1: "The ‘land sharing or land sparing’ conundrum" at the 2012 Agriculture and Rural Development Day in Rio de Janiero. As presented by Andrew Wardell and Robert Nasi, CIFOR.

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Learning Event No. 1: Highlights. ARDD2012 Rio.

  1. 1. The “land sharing or land sparing” conundrum Andrew Wardell and Robert Nasi, CIFOR
  2. 2. Key messages1. Need to integrate policy and land use planning by moving out of sectoral ‘silos’2. We need both land sharing and land sparing contingent on socio-ecological system, objectives, scale and trajectory of change whilst recognizing the trade-offs3. Governance reforms and appropriate institutions for both smallholder and large-scale production
  3. 3. Evidence of impact1. Rich cases studies – goods and services are provided in smallholder-managed landscapes while maintaining or enhancing food production2. Poverty Environment Network – food security safety net provided by forests3. Large-scale agribusiness schemes – need to protect customary land tenure rights and effectively regulate investments and environmental impacts
  4. 4. Going to scale• Improve governance, sector coordination, and multistakeholder dialogue at landscape scale• Increase investments in multifunctional landscapes to produce multiple goods and services whilst safeguarding interests of vulnerable groups e.g. SAGCOT, Tanzania• Innovative integrated and applied research to inform decision-making e.g. ww.cifor.org/crp6 and Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative www.landscapes.ecoagriculture.org
  5. 5. Evidence of impact Selected references• Carswell, G., 2002. Farmers and fallowing: agricultural change in Kigezi District, Uganda. The Geographical Journal 168 (2): 130-140• Borjesen,L. 2007. Boserup backwards? Agricultural intensification as ‘its own driving force’ in the Mbulu highlands, Tanzania. Geogr. Ann. B (3): 249-267• Poverty Environment Network - www.cifor.org/pen• Managing forest landscapes – http://blog.cifor.org/8637/investing-in-managing- forest-landscapes-improves-incomes-in-guinea/#.T5o4zK7j5fY• Social and environmental risks associated with expansion of biofuel feedstocks - www.ecologyandsociety.org/issues/view.php?sf=68• Selman, P. 2009. Planning for landscape multifunctionality. Sustainabiloty: Science, Practice & Policy Fall 2009; Vol. 5 Issue 2: 45-52• Phalan et al, 2011. Reconciling food production and biodiversity conservation: Land sharing and land sparing compared. Science 333: 1289-1291• Tilman et al, 2011. Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agriculture PNAS USA 108 (5): 20260-20264• Lambin, E.F. and Meyfroidt, P.,2011. Global land use change, economic globalization and the looming land scarcity. PNAS 108 (9): 3465-3472

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