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Knowledge Gaps and Challenges in Climate Change and Poverty: Results of a Systematic Review

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Reviews gaps in climate change and poverty research, calling for empirical research to better understand the connections between climate change and poverty.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Knowledge Gaps and Challenges in Climate Change and Poverty: Results of a Systematic Review

  1. 1. September 10, 2018, Saint Mary’s University, Halifax, Canada Knowledge Gaps and Challenges in Climate Change and Poverty: Results of a Systematic Review Sophia Huyer
  2. 2. CCAFS goals, objectives and targets • Overall goal to catalyse positive change towards CSA, food systems and landscapes • Focus on three dimensions:  Reducing poverty  Improving food and nutrition security for health  Improving natural resource systems and ecosystem services • Aim to have 11 million farm households adopt CSA by 2022 • Assist 9 million people, of whom 50% are women, to exit poverty
  3. 3. MitigationAdaptation Resilience Emissions Food and nutritional security Climate smart agriculture (CSA)
  4. 4. Other drivers of poverty Exposure Climate hazards Adaptive capacity vulnerability Food and nutritional insecurity Risk context Agricultural productivity & returns Assets Poverty and inequality Outcomes Floods Unreliable seasons Saline intrusion Drought Heat Cyclones Non-farm income Distress sales Destruction during extremes Livelihoods modified from Hallegatte et al. 2016 Drivers Climate change impacts on poverty
  5. 5. Topic covered Search terms Comments Climate change TI=(“climat*” OR “change” OR “variabili*” OR “resilience” OR “pathways” OR “shocks” OR “surge” OR “sea level rise” OR “storm” OR “storms” OR “flood” OR “floods” OR “drought*” OR “extreme” OR “extremes” OR “warm*” OR “salinity” OR “natural disasters” OR “*adaptation” OR “hurricane*” OR “typhoon*” OR “cyclon*” OR “landslide*” OR ”heat wave*” OR “hailstorm*” OR “tornado*” OR “thunderstorm*” OR “blizzard*” OR “avalanche*”)  Several terms linked to ‘change’ that are used in the climate change literature were used, e.g. ‘resilience’, ‘pathways’  Terms related to extremes events were included Poverty AND TI=(“poverty” OR “welfare” OR “vulnerab*” OR “livelihood*” OR “poor” OR “income*” OR “household*”)  Various terms linked to poverty analyses were used. Agriculture and food security AND TI=(“rural” OR “agricultur*” OR “crop*” OR “livestock” OR “aquac*” OR “fish*” OR “farm*” OR “food”  Terms linked to agriculture and food systems were used.
  6. 6. Journal articles on “climate”-”agriculture”-”poverty” 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Numbers per year (total = 295) Campbell et al. Forthcoming
  7. 7. Regional distribution Campbell et al. forthcoming 5% 6% 13% 12% 5% 9%8% 25% 6% 5% 2%4% South America Central America Southern Africa East Africa Central Africa West Africa MENACA South Asia South East Asia East Asia Pacific Global
  8. 8. Other drivers of poverty Exposure Climate hazards Adaptive capacity vulnerability Food and nutritional insecurity Risk context Agricultural productivity & returns Assets Poverty and inequality Outcomes Floods Unreliable seasons Saline intrusion Drought Heat Cyclones Non-farm income Distress sales Destruction during extremes Livelihoods modified from Hallegate et al., 2016 drivers Few really useful detailed studies on CC-poverty Cross-regional comparisons difficult because of the diverse methods used in different regions. Lots on vulnerability, few on poverty Little on slow onset CC Time ripe for globally comparative study Little on gender and inequality
  9. 9. Youth child or children or youth or boy or girl or boys or girls Indigenous traditional_communities or traditional_community or inigenous_people or aborginal Marginalised marginalised_groups or marginalised_group or marginal_groups or or marginal_group or ethnic_groups or ethnic_group or disadvantaged_groups or disadvantaged_group or ethnic or ethnicity or tribes or tribe or caste or castes Inequality Inequality or inequity or equity or equality or inclusive Gender gender or female or women or grandmother or maternal “Sex” excluded as it did not add anything and gave problems, e.g. “Sussex” Social inclusion search terms
  10. 10. Mentions of social inclusion topics 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Gender Youth and children Youth only Marginalised Indigenous Inequality Percentage of mentions
  11. 11. Significant 23% Other 77% Significant gender analysis (overall) Gender in climate-poverty research: 235 articles in total Non-gender 52% Gender 48% Gender analysis in climate change & poverty articles Token 12% Minimal 26% Significan t 34% Substanti ve 28% Degree of gender analysis
  12. 12. Conclusions • The climate change-poverty relationship is surprisingly under- researched • Regional and sectoral imbalances needs to be addressed in future research • More empirical research needed on the connections between climate change and poverty • Much more attention needed on social inclusion: how to increase resilience and adaptation • More context specific studies needed to support action • Climate risk management needs more attention • A food systems approach is required • A cross-global comparative approach needed
  13. 13. Thank you JL Urrea (CCAFS)

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