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Drought Management in Ethiopia


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Presentation by J Kinyangi, Regional Program Leader, East Africa, at the CCAFS Workshop on Institutions and Policies to Scale out Climate Smart Agriculture held between 2-5 December 2013, in Colombo, Sri Lanka.

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Drought Management in Ethiopia

  1. 1. Drought Management in Ethiopia: Climate risk management through social protection James Kinyangi, Policies and Institutions Workshop, 2-3 Dec 2013, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  2. 2. Climate risk management through social protection  Agriculture in Ethiopia accounts for 45% of GDP and ensures the livelihoods of 80 to 85% of the population.  Any small variation in rainfall or world prices (for coffee) affects the incomes of 30 to 40 million people and can mean hunger for 10 to 15 million people 2
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  4. 4. Chronic food insecurity is a salient feature of rural Ethiopia  Ethiopia has received an average of 700,000 MT of food aid annually,  the figure has risen dramatically in crisis years (since 1996, food aid quantities appealed for have multiplied 4.5 times while beneficiaries have seen a six fold increase 4
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  6. 6. The Ethiopian Government launched the multi-donor programme in 2005  providing transfers to the chronically food insecure population in a way that prevents asset depletion at household level and creates productive assets at community level,  replacing continual appeals for emergency food aid with a more predictable safety net. In the programme beneficiaries receive both cash and food support. 6
  7. 7.  The transfers are distributed to both direct and indirect support beneficiaries.  The direct support beneficiaries (84% in 2008) are required to attend temporary employment in ‘public workfare projects’, whilst the indirect support beneficiaries who are unable to contribute to public works due to labor constraints are not required to work 7
  8. 8.  The ‘public workfare projects’ include, for example, the establishment of area enclosures for livestock grazing, woodlots, construction of hillside terraces, shallow wells and ponds and stream diversion for irrigation.  A household ‘graduates’ from the programme when it is deemed to have become ‘food sufficient.’ 8
  9. 9. Program impact…building resilience  The programme has had a range of positive, practical impacts on women and their families.  Program coverage in terms of numbers of beneficiaries (and woredas) reached ~ 5 million chronically food insecure beneficiaries in 2005, delivering 224,141MT of food and approximately US$50 million as cash transfers. As of 2006, PSNP coverage increased to approximately 7.2 million beneficiaries to cover the pastoral region of Afar 9
  10. 10.  The programme has now been implemented in 7 out of 10 regions in Ethiopia and has reached about 8 million people.  By 2010, 70 % of programme households perceived their overall economic condition as better or the same compared to the previous year, and between 2004 and 2010, the level of assets had increased and distress sales had declined. 10
  11. 11. Cooper, P. J.M., S. Cappiello, S. J. Vermeulen, B. M. Campbell, R. Zougmoré and J. Kinyangi. (2013). Large-scale implementation of adaptation and mitigation actions in agriculture. CCAFS Working Paper no. 50. CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). Copenhagen, Denmark sign up for science, policy and news e-bulletins Twitter: @cgiarclimate 11