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COOL FARM TOOL Quantifying GHG emissions on smallholder farms CCAFS/FAO Workshop Rome, Italy 27-28 October 2011 Christina ...
Agenda 
•What is the Cool Farm Tool? 
•Use to date with smallholders and development agencies 
•Methodology (mini CFT tour...
Cool Farm Tool: open source GHG calculator and decision support model 
•Farmer focused ‘tier 2’ LCA tool 
•Scope: 
–Global...
Cool Farming Options – goal to develop a 
standardized tool for the food & agriculture sector 
18 Sponsors 
17 Crops
Field tested in smallholder systems 
in sixteen countries 
User 
Country 
Crop 
Sangana PPP (Sangana, GIZ and 4C) 
Kenya 
...
Cool Farm Tool - Methods 
•Location, climate, soil quality, temperature 
•Fertilizer production and induced emissions (inc...
Cool Farm Tool mini-tour
Crop management
Sequestration
Cool Farm Tool – Methods (contd.) 
•Livestock enteric, manure, and emissions from feed production* 
•Field energy use 
–Ca...
Livestock
Field Energy Use
Transport
Cool Farm Tool – underlying data 
•Sources include: 
–Ecoinvent Centre 2007 
–IPCC 2006 
–FAO/IFA 2001 
–Bouwman 2002 
–Au...
Results 
2,569.6 kg CO2e/ha
Scenario testing 
Change from leaving residue untreated in heaps or pits to incorporating as mulch 936.2 kg CO2e/ha
Benefits of Cool Farm Tool 
1.Farmer oriented 
2.Straightforward questions 
- pH, SOM, drainage, fertilizer application ra...
CFT and smallholder mitigation 
1.Create farm typology along dominant variables (soil type, cropping system, shade cover, ...
NEW! Online data collection system 
http://bit.ly/CoolFarmTool
Y en Español 
http://bit.ly/cft_espanol
Vision for the Future 
Opportunity to collaborate in a pre-competitive space 
Cool Farming Institute 
CFT Format (excel + ...
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Ingersoll Cool farm tool methods oct 2011

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Presentation for CCAFS - FAO workshop
Smallholder Mitigation: Whole Farm and Landscape Accounting

27 - 28 October 2011


Published in: Science
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Ingersoll Cool farm tool methods oct 2011

  1. 1. COOL FARM TOOL Quantifying GHG emissions on smallholder farms CCAFS/FAO Workshop Rome, Italy 27-28 October 2011 Christina Ingersoll – Presenter
  2. 2. Agenda •What is the Cool Farm Tool? •Use to date with smallholders and development agencies •Methodology (mini CFT tour) •Scenario testing example •Ambitions and latest developments
  3. 3. Cool Farm Tool: open source GHG calculator and decision support model •Farmer focused ‘tier 2’ LCA tool •Scope: –Global, applicable to most agricultural products –Modules for on-farm, primary processing, and transport •Uses farmer knowledge with robust empirical data models •Management focused, decision support tool •Facilitates exploration of mitigation options
  4. 4. Cool Farming Options – goal to develop a standardized tool for the food & agriculture sector 18 Sponsors 17 Crops
  5. 5. Field tested in smallholder systems in sixteen countries User Country Crop Sangana PPP (Sangana, GIZ and 4C) Kenya Coffee Rainforest Alliance Indonesia, Kenya, Rwanda, Central America Coffee, cocoa and tea UTZ Certified and Solidaridad Kenya, Ghana, Mexico Coffee and cocoa International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) Central America, Colombia Rice, smallholder vegetables, coffee WWF India/Marks & Spencer India Cotton Catholic Relief Services Nicaragua Beans
  6. 6. Cool Farm Tool - Methods •Location, climate, soil quality, temperature •Fertilizer production and induced emissions (inc. direct & indirect N2O emissions) •Pesticide production •Land-use change •Land management practices –(tillage, cover crops, compost) •Crop residue management
  7. 7. Cool Farm Tool mini-tour
  8. 8. Crop management
  9. 9. Sequestration
  10. 10. Cool Farm Tool – Methods (contd.) •Livestock enteric, manure, and emissions from feed production* •Field energy use –Can be calculated based on typical use of agricultural machinery •Primary processing –Including waste water management •Transportation
  11. 11. Livestock
  12. 12. Field Energy Use
  13. 13. Transport
  14. 14. Cool Farm Tool – underlying data •Sources include: –Ecoinvent Centre 2007 –IPCC 2006 –FAO/IFA 2001 –Bouwman 2002 –Audsley 1997 –Ogle et al 2005 –ASABE 2006 –GHG Protocol 2003 –Bhat et al 1994 –Brown et al 2009 –DEFRA 2010 –IFA 2009 –US EPA EGRID –Hyline Hens
  15. 15. Results 2,569.6 kg CO2e/ha
  16. 16. Scenario testing Change from leaving residue untreated in heaps or pits to incorporating as mulch 936.2 kg CO2e/ha
  17. 17. Benefits of Cool Farm Tool 1.Farmer oriented 2.Straightforward questions - pH, SOM, drainage, fertilizer application rate 3.Results show both emissions and sequestration 4.Instant results, instant tests of alternate scenarios 5.A decision support tool for farmers, planners, agronomists, and development agencies 6.Not a “Black Box” – all calculations accessible
  18. 18. CFT and smallholder mitigation 1.Create farm typology along dominant variables (soil type, cropping system, shade cover, etc) 2.Collect representative data for each farm type and key crops within each farm type 3.Calculate baselines for each type 4.Aggregate results from multiple crops with yield allocation 5.Model emissions for each proposed practice change (input use, reforestation, etc)
  19. 19. NEW! Online data collection system http://bit.ly/CoolFarmTool
  20. 20. Y en Español http://bit.ly/cft_espanol
  21. 21. Vision for the Future Opportunity to collaborate in a pre-competitive space Cool Farming Institute CFT Format (excel + online) Improved agro-forestry Spanish French New PAS 2050 compatibility

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