Does secure land tenure save forests?

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A review of the relationship between land tenure and tropical deforestation. Presentation by Brian E.obinson,
Margaret B. Holland and Lisa Naughton-Treves.

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  • Test for marginal effects of multiple factors influencing forest outcomes (including tenure form/security)3 models: controls for tenure security, form, geographic region, + interaction terms
  • Test for marginal effects of multiple factors influencing forest outcomes (including tenure form/security)3 models: controls for tenure security, form, geographic region, + interaction terms
  • Does secure land tenure save forests?

    1. 1. Does secure land tenure save forests? A review of the relationship between land tenure and tropical deforestation <br />Brian E. Robinson, PhD<br />Margaret B. Holland, PhD<br />Lisa Naughton-Treves, PhD<br />
    2. 2. Tenure Security & Carbon Biomass Density<br />Source: Bruce et al 2010<br />
    3. 3.
    4. 4. Does secure land tenure help conserve forests? <br />
    5. 5. Null hypotheses<br />There is no association between the form of land tenure and the likelihood of deforestation.<br />There is no association between the security of land tenure and the likelihood of deforestation.<br />
    6. 6. Tenure Terminology<br />Land tenure*:<br />The set of institutions and policies that determine how the land and its resources are accessed, who can hold and use these resources, for how long and under what conditions. <br />Theform of land tenure:<br /> the rules and norms associated with any number of entities (individual, a common-property arrangement, etc)<br />The security of land tenure:<br /> the assurance that land-based property rights will be upheld by society. <br />* USAID 2008; Bruce et al. 2010<br />
    7. 7. Meta-analysis of empirical literature<br />Explicit link between land tenure form/security and forest conditions (preference for RS studies)<br />Challenge of spatially-explicit data on land tenure<br />39 publications selected (100 original)<br />83 independent sites, 131 analyses<br />
    8. 8. Meta-analysis results: tenure form<br />(a) Africa<br />(b) Central America<br />(c) South America<br />
    9. 9. Meta-analysis results: tenure security<br />(a) Secure tenure<br />(b) Insecure tenure<br />
    10. 10. Meta-analysis results<br />Probit results (marginal effects) on positive forest outcome <br />* p < 0.10; ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01 <br />Robust standard errors in parentheses, clustered by publication.<br />
    11. 11. Meta-analysis results: regression results<br />Tenure security has positive effect on forests (improves probability by 40%, ave. effects)<br />Protection indicates higher likelihood of positive outcomes (40-50%, relative to private lands)<br />Effects of public vs. private vs. communal land not significant (until account for Africa)<br />Increased likelihood of negative outcomes for forests on communal lands in Africa <br />
    12. 12.
    13. 13. Meta-analysis Limitations(or: what future studies should avoid doing)<br />Conflation of communal and customary tenure<br />Endogeneity between location characteristics and chosen form of tenure <br />Little dynamic analysis (so time-varying characteristics are not often controlled for)<br />Contextual issues, especially factors that determine the security of tenure, are often murky<br />
    14. 14. Key Lessons for Emissions at the Forest-Farm Interface<br />Clarifying tenure security seems more important than addressing any specific bundle of rights<br />Studies must be clear about their use of tenure terms, definitions and context<br />Tenure plays a role, but land use decision-making is embedded in larger social, political and economic systems<br />Tenure reform slow, political process. Local negotiation and buy-in key.<br />
    15. 15. Acknowledgements<br />Jessica Long, Marty Pfeiffer, Lisa Maas, Nicole Mathews, Emily Matson, Daniel Bromley, Kelly Wendland, Susana Lastarria-Cornhiel, Matthew Turner, Lauren Persha and Kurt Brown <br />

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