Climate services to support farmer decision-making under a changing climate

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Ideas Marketplace presentation from ICRISAT - the International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics. Presented at Agriculture, Landscapes and Livelihoods Day 5 in Doha Qatar, 3 December 2012. http://www.agricultureday.org

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  • Bottlenecks: Incomplete knowledge of needs of farmers ; Farmers’ limited input into climate service development; Insufficient infrastructure to deliver information; Inappropriate timing, content, scale, or format of information; Inadequate or inequitable access to communication technologies; Farmers’ lack of understanding of complex information, lack of trust in what they do understand; Gaps in historic data, agriculturally-relevant variables
  • Bottlenecks: Incomplete knowledge of needs of farmers ; Farmers’ limited input into climate service development; Insufficient infrastructure to deliver information; Inappropriate timing, content, scale, or format of information; Inadequate or inequitable access to communication technologies; Farmers’ lack of understanding of complex information, lack of trust in what they do understand; Gaps in historic data, agriculturally-relevant variables
  • Climate services to support farmer decision-making under a changing climate

    1. 1. COP 18, Doha- QatarClimate Services to Support Farmer Decision-Making Under a Changing Climate Dr. Arame Tall Climate Services Scientist / Champion a.tall@cgiar.org
    2. 2. 2 • 3/21/11 Our Common Challenge• Reaching farmers with salient, downscaled, decision-relevant climate information and advisory services• Bottlenecks prevent farmers’ access and use of climate information and advisory services Adapted from Tall et al. 2010
    3. 3. 3 • 3/21/11 Our Common Challenge (cont’d) •All elements (delivery, salience, legitimacy, and equity) must be delivered in concert, to be useful for farming communities, especially those most vulnerable •One Solution: – Strong partnerships between National Met Service, National Agricultural Research and Extension Services and Boundary Organizations with access to farmers.
    4. 4. 4 • 3/21/11 Bridging the information gap • CCAFS assessment studies of initiatives in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia that have grappled with the challenges and demonstrate good practice: – India’s Integrated Agrometeorological Advisory Services (AAS), which recently announced plans to scale up from 3 million to 10 million farmers – Mali Projet d’Assistance au Monde Rural, which has provided innovative Dr. Suresh Reddy, India assessment field services to farmers since 1982 team member, interviewing a vulnerable small landholder farmer on the usefulness • Both provide evidence, at scale, of of agrometeorological advisories in Nimani village, Andrah Pradesh (South India). village level use and benefits of Photo credit: Arame Tall climate information and advisories
    5. 5. 5 • 3/21/11 Learning from Good Practice in Africa and South Asia 1. Frameworks for Dialogue between climate scientists and agricultural experts: – Mali: Groupe de Travail Pluridisciplinaire enables met service staff, agricultural researchers and others to collate their expertise, towards weather-based advisory, farmers equipped with rain gauges – India: a network of State level Ms. Kalpana Venkat, India AAS study Agricultural Research Universities field team coordinator, conducts a Focus Group with the women of receive 5-day weather forecasts from Amtrar, Himachal Pradesh (North the national Meteorological department India). Photo credit: Arame Tall as input to the production of a weather- based advisory
    6. 6. 6 • 3/21/11 Learning from Good Practice in Africa and South Asia 2. Partner with boundary organizations to reach “the last mile”: – Both case studies mobilized NGOs, CBOs, organized networks of communicators, civil society organizations to relay climate information to farmers in remote locations 3. Focus on equity: – When women and other marginalized Assessing how Indian farmers manage climate groups receive the information, then all and weather risks in India. receive and benefit Photo credit: Francesco Fiondella
    7. 7. 7 • 3/21/11 Toward Strong Partnerships for Effective Climate Risk Management • Strong national partnerships, enabling framework for collaboration among institutions, are prerequisites for effective climate services for farmers. • Participatory National Workshops for Climate Services: used in various parts of Africa to bring together stakeholders, establish a covenant to deliver salient climate services. • Partnerships between national knowledge hubs, platform for relevant partners to dialogue and pool expertise to respond to farmers’ information needs. • Bridging the gap between those who have information and those who need this information most to adapt to a changing climate. This dialogue will not happen in a vacuum. Development partners must support and mediate the process.
    8. 8. 8 • 3/21/11 CCAFS’ agenda: Scaling Up Climate Services for Farmers 2013-2015 in Africa and South Asia • Goal: – Assess Farmer Needs in farm-relevant Climate information and advisory services – Gauge appropriate Information Channels to reach farmer communities, equitably – Broker strong partnerships between national institutions, open spaces for dialogue – Deliver salient farmer-focused climate services – Assess Impact on Farmer livelihoods from use of CSs
    9. 9. 9 • 3/21/11 Reaching Farmers with Climate Services at Scale: Mission Possible • CCAFS case studies demonstrate that it is “Mission Possible” to enable millions of farmers to deal with an uncertain climate through locally salient information and advisory services. • It is time to scale up demonstrated good practice so many other farmers can benefit from climate information and advisory services. The time is Right for Climate Services. Farmer in Ouelessebougou village, happy beneficiary of Mali’s 30-year- old agromet advisory program. Credit: A. Tall For more information, contact: Arame Tall, a.tall@cgiar.org

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