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Bamboo household energy for Africa


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Ideas Marketplace presentation from INBAR - International Network for Bamboo and Rattan. Presented at Agriculture, Landscapes and Livelihoods Day 5 in Doha Qatar, 3 December 2012.

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Bamboo household energy for Africa

  1. 1. Bamboo household energy for Africa Supporting sustainable livelihoods and food security through renewable bamboo biomassDr. Coosje Hoogendoorn and Yannick KuehlAgriculture, Landscapes and Livelihoods Day 5, 3rd 15th Anniversary YearDecember 2012, Doha
  2. 2. The ProblemShortage of household energy:• Health: over 1.6 million died in 2001 from indoor air pollution from biomass fuel (25% of deaths in SSA)• Deforestation – more wood per capita is consumed in SSA homes for energy than any other region in the world• Increasing pressure on land for energy and food biomass• Limited access to energy → (Ghana: deforestation as a result of traditional threat to food security charcoal production) 15th Anniversary Year
  3. 3. The SolutionBamboo charcoal production:• Fast growing, indigenous to Africa and highly renewable resource, which allows regular biomass extraction• Bamboo grows on degraded lands• Bamboo can be integrated into agricultural/agroforestry land use systems• Bamboo charcoal burns with little residues• High calorific value equivalent to many wood charcoals (approx. 30,000 KJ/KG)• Creates incomes for rural communities• Supports food 15th Anniversary Year
  4. 4. The MethodSouth-South technology transferfrom Asia to Africa:• Transfer of Asian production technologies to Africa• Project in Ghana and Ethiopia (2009-2013): awareness raising, sustainable bamboo resource management training, value chain development, introduction of modern charcoal making techniques and pilot sites Funded 15th Anniversary Year
  5. 5. The ResultsResults until now include:• More than 10,000 households adopted bamboo as energy source → food security and health• 20% reduction in use of tree-wood charcoal (in project areas in Ghana) → avoiding deforestation• Over 10,000 ha of wild bamboo converted into managed stands → reducing pressure on lands→ Next: up- and out-scaling in Africa! 15th Anniversary Year