Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Getting your science into use: how to have impact


Published on

Presentation by Lini Wollenberg, CCAFS, at the CLIFF-GRADS workshop on 6-7 October 2019 in Bali.

The two-day workshop was organized by the CCAFS Low Emissions Development Flagship and the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (GRA). Read more:

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Getting your science into use: how to have impact

  1. 1. CLIFF-GRADS Workshop, Bali October 6, 2019 Getting your science into use: how to have impact Lini Wollenberg, CCAFS
  2. 2. Why research mitigation in agriculture and food systems? 1. Significant • 10-12% of global emissions • Agriculture contributes on average 30% of countries’ total emissions 2. Necessary Reductions in other sectors will not be enough to achieve 2 °C and 1.5 °C targets 3. Possible Many practices are compatible with SDGs, hence the possibility of “low emissions development” Agricultureemissions,bycountry Percentofnationalemissionsfromagriculture Richards et al. 2015
  3. 3. Big questions that we need to answer • Is it possible to meet future food security, economic growth and other sustainable development goals (SDGs) while reducing greenhouse gas emissions? • What are the most important mitigation opportunities and best approaches for achieving them at large scales? • What are practical MRV options? • Are NDCs aligned with mitigation priorities in the agriculture sector?
  4. 4. Global sources of agricultural emissions Source: Carbon Disclosure Project. 2015. The Forgotten 10%. London: Carbon Disclosure Project. Available from:
  5. 5. A mitigation target
  6. 6. Countries planning action 104 countries included mitigation in agriculture in their NDCs Richards 2018 e/10568/73255 <50% of the top 10 developing countries with the largest opportunities to scale up mitigation included mitigation in their NDC.
  7. 7. Finance for mitigation in agriculture is low Buchner et al. 2017
  8. 8. • Paddy rice - alternate wetting and drying (AWD) • Livestock systems - improving feeding, animal and herd management; pasture management • Cereal crops- building soil organic matter, e.g. through integrated soil fertility management; nutrient efficiency through technologies such as urea deep placement; BNI in crops • Perennial crops- transitioning from annual crops or degraded land to agroforestry, forestry or grassland Most important LED options • Avoided conversion of high carbon landscapes (forests, peatlands, mangroves, grasslands) • Reduced food loss and waste- storage, packaging, waste recycling • Supply chain energy use – fertilizer production, cooling, transportation • Dietary shifts- shift to low emissions food products, e.g. beef to chicken
  9. 9. How can research lead to impacts? Especially impacts at large scales?
  10. 10. Engage with potential research users Communicate Collaborate Seize the opportunity The three C’s (Carpe Diem)
  11. 11. Communicate
  12. 12. Communicate Review of MRV of Livestock Emissions • Draft report • Workshop with 22 countries • Final report
  13. 13. Collaborate: Private drone companies scale out technologies for better N management in Mexico • 3 drone companies delivering N recommendations to farmers using NDVI from their drones and an algorithm developed by CIMMYT and collaborators. • Farmers are willing to pay for this service (approx. 3 UDS / ha per flight. • N saving of ca. 60 – 70 kgN/ha Slide courtesy of Ivan Ortiz-Monasterio, CIMMYT
  14. 14. 11/4/2019 14 Landscape transitions Crop transitions Rice crops Crops (non rice) Fertilizer Livestock - 4.7M TotalAnnualtCO2e Landscape and crop transitions Management practice improvements Increased emissions Reduced emissions/ increased C sequestration (1,865,626) (905,776) (433,447) (616,320) (32,068) (819,848 ) 435,313 1,723,672 2.1 M Collaborate: USAID Agricultural Portfolio Analysis mitigation#.WqrhAGbMzEY 25developmentprojects,15countries,3continents.
  15. 15. • Thailand is 4th largest emitter of paddy rice GHGs globally • 5-year NAMA project: low-emission production; policy formulation and supporting measures • 100,000 farmers in 6 provinces • GHG reduction of ~1 million tons of CO2eq Thai Rice NAMA support project approved for ~ EUR 15 M funding Seize the opportunity
  16. 16. Seize the opportunity Tier 2 MRV of livestock emissions in China Developing Guidance for MRV Implementation at the Provincial Level Aim: Develop methods and systems for Tier 2 MRV of livestock emissions at provincial level (Hebei Province) in China. Partners: CAAS, with GRA, CCAFS Activities: • Develop IPCC tier 2 MRV guidance for livestock emissions • Consultation and planning implementation of guidance, • Test implementation of Tier II MRV at provincial level.
  17. 17. Key tool for planning impacts: Impact pathway and theory of change (TOC) TOC: How and why an intervention leads to desired change Describes the mini-steps that lead to a long term goal and the connections between these activities Causally links inputs and activities to a chain of observable outcomes Roadmap, an engine of change, a theory of action etc.
  18. 18. Multiple pathways possible
  19. 19. Summary • Work on significant problems with the potential for large-scale impact • Engage with implementers: Three C’s • Communication- effective graphics, high profile journals, organizations, websiteswork directly with your audience, enable two-way, iterative communication • Collaboration- Collaborate at any stage: problem definition, design of innovation, translation of research findings, etc, public-private partnerships, business case  Seize the opportunity (Carpe diem)- Work with program and policy implementers or people in their circles  Plan engagement with theory of change, impact pathway  Seek long-term engagement, using iterative, adaptive cycles, with wide, “disruptive” framing of problems
  20. 20. Concrete opportunities for your research to have impact • High impact journals: e.g., Nature, Science, PNAS, Global Change Biology • Commissioned (demand-driven) research/consultancies (countries, supply chain actors, development banks, GCF, other investors, development projects) • Partnerships with implementation or policy organizations on action research (ditto) • IPCC reports, Currently 6th Assessment Cycle  WG3 – Mitigation of Climate change – available July 2021  AR6 Synthesis to be completed by 2022 for first Paris Agreement stock take. Cut-off dates: June 15, 2020 cut-off for submitted papers Jan 19, 2021 cut off for accepted papers
  21. 21. Thank you!
  22. 22. Collaborate
  23. 23. Research-to-action learning cycles Adaptive management
  24. 24. Rethinking adaptation pathways Wise et al. 2014
  25. 25.