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Genebanks: role in climate adaptation


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Presentation by Charlotte Lusty from Crop Trust at the Breeding Advantage event on the sidelines of COP23.

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Published in: Environment
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Genebanks: role in climate adaptation

  1. 1. Charlotte Lusty 13 November 2017 Genebanks: role in climate change
  2. 2. Agriculture must transform over next 30 years • Ensure food security • Adapt to climate change • Reduce emissions Critical challenges
  3. 3. Agriculture must transform in next 30 years • Ensure food security  60% increased production by 2050 • Adapt to climate change  Abiotic stress, incidence of pests & disease, etc. • Reduce emissions  From current level of > 19% GHG emissions Critical challenges
  4. 4. Plant genetic resources (PGR) in agricultural transformation: • Soil & nutrient management • Water use • Ecosystem enhancement • Pests and disease management • Resilience • Crop yields Role of PGR in agriculture
  5. 5. Coconut Resilient and diverse smallholder crop, providing coastal protection, ecosystem services and income in the face of cyclones and rising sea levels. Role of PGR in agriculture
  6. 6. Role of PGR in agriculture
  7. 7. Crop wild relatives
  8. 8. Crop wild relatives Conveying tolerance to: • High temperatures • Low temperatures • Drought • Salinity • Submergence • Changing growing seasons • Pests • Diseases
  9. 9. We don’t know the full value of what we conserve We don’t know the extent of the challenges that we will face Genebanks = OPTIONS Genebanks
  10. 10. No one country can possibly be self-sufficient in PGR • International Plant Treaty Multi-lateral System of Access & Benefit Sharing • International genebanks • Phytosanitary controls • Global Information System, Genesys, GRIN- Global, etc Global system
  11. 11. CGIAR Genebank Platform
  12. 12. Sustainable Development Goals Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture Target 2.5 By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed.
  13. 13. Core work of genebanks
  14. 14. 14 Long-term conservation • 756,000 accessions • 724,000 seed • 24,000 tissue culture • 29,000 whole plants Responding to users EVERY YEAR: ~ 2000 requests ~ 80-130,000 samples distributed > 100 countries worldwide
  15. 15. Two aspects increase our ability to use PGR • Increased knowledge of genes, their expression and the traits they convey • Vastly improved capability to integrate useful traits into improved varieties Increasing use of PGR
  16. 16. Working as a Global System: Collections from the fertile crescent, conserved in Syria in ICARDA, saved in Svalbard Seed vault, returned to Lebanon
  17. 17. Working as a global system: Collected from the High Andes, conserved in CIP for 30 years, repatriated to Peruvian communities
  18. 18. Thank you