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Gender and social inclusion in CCAFS projects

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Review of gender and social inclusion components in CCAFS projects.

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Gender and social inclusion in CCAFS projects

  1. 1. Sophia Huyer, GSI Leader Gender and Social Inclusion in CCAFS projects Photo: N. Palmer (CIAT) CCAFS South Asian Regional Workshop November 22, 2018
  2. 2. Gender and Youth IDOs
  3. 3. CCAFS Gender Outcomes
  4. 4. GSI Strategy: Context • Social inclusion involves gender, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, disability and age (youth and seniors) and affects dynamics around perspectives, needs and access to resources • An important element is understanding power relations at all levels. Scientific information and agricultural assets are set within contexts of power relationships, so that existing gender roles and power inequalities will influence climate change impacts and adaptations. • Three main underlying approaches: vulnerabilities; gender transformation; and strengthening institutions. From Huyer et al, 2015, CCAFS GSI Strategy.
  5. 5. Partnerships and capacity for scaling CSA Flagship Program 1 Flagship Program 2 Flagship Program 3 Flagship Program 4 Climate-smart agriculture, gender and social inclusion CoA 1.3 Enabling policy environments for CSA CoA 4.3 Weather-related agricultural insurance products and programs CoA 1.2 Food and nutrition security futures under climate change CoA 2.2 Evidence, investment planning and application domains for CSA technologies and practices CoA 2.3 Equitable sub- national adaptation planning and implementation CoA 2.4 Business models, incentives and innovative finance for scaling CSA CoA 3.3 Policy, incentives and finance for scaling up low emissions practices CoA 4.4 Climate services investment planning and policy CoA 4.2 Climate information and advisory services for agriculture CoA 3.2 Identifying priorities and options for low-emissions development CoA 1.1 Ex-ante evaluation and decision support for climate- smart options CoA 2.1 Participatory evaluation of CSA technologies and practices in CSVs CoA 4.1 Climate information and early warning for risk management CoA 3.1 Quantifying GHG emissions from smallholder systems Integrating GSI research into CSA policy and investment decisions Understand GSI-differentiated CSA portfolios to benefit women and youth; incentive mechanisms Increase women’s participation in LED decision making (part. In supply chains) Strengthen understanding of how CIS and insurance can meet the needs of women farmers; scaling
  6. 6. GSI in the CCAFS Theory of Change CSA Implementation Policy & institutional change CSA, gender and social inclusion Partnerships and capacity for scaling CSA Monitoring, Evaluation & Learning Comms & Knowledge Management Key: Ongoing activities Cross-cutting work Approach Objectives
  7. 7. Gender differences in adoption of CSA • Women and men tend to have different adaptation strategies and practices • Based in different preferences in crops and uses for crops • These depend on GDOL, differing access to and control over resources participation in decision making and sociocultural norms Five most common changes made by men and women to adapt to climate change
  8. 8. Gender empowerment in CSA Hariharan et al, 2018
  9. 9. Building the evidence for what works for women in CSA • What are the gender-, social- dimensions of promising CSA options? • What is the role of local institutions in providing supporting services to farmers that increases CSA adoption levels, and promotes gender- equitable outcomes? • Which business models work for whom and when to support pro- gender scaling up? • What other existing and innovative finance instruments exist (e.g. payment for ecosystem services) that will provide incentives to farmers to access, adopt and promote CSA practices and technologies, and what are their efficacy in reaching and positively impacting on those most marginalized (including women and youth)? • How do certain CSA practices or packages affect women’s and youth’s labour workloads? • Who controls the benefits received from CSA technologies/practices?
  10. 10. Building the evidence for what works in gender equality and women’s empowerment Knowledge gaps • Need better understanding of household and village labour roles in relation to CSA technologies and practices, so that they decrease women’s labour loads and become more attractive to women • The role of participatory approaches in understanding differences among women and traditionally under-represented groups and building capacity of researchers and development implementers to do so • What is the role of women’s organizations and collective action in providing a platform for gender equality in relation to CSA; and • CSA approaches that take into account indigenous knowledge, technology and practices of women
  11. 11. Closing the gender gap with Information, institutions and services What do we know • Widen range of institutions and information, from climate-specific (e.g. access to heat-tolerant crop varieties) to much broader approaches, such as social protection, health and nutrition. • Women tend to interact with informal, local-level and family or social based networks, while men have greater access to formalized institutions such as governments, extension, and international NGOs • Women are not well-served by agro- and climate information services
  12. 12. Gender differences in information and forecast access
  13. 13. Climate information through mobile phones Partey et al, 2018
  14. 14. Closing the gender gap with Information, institutions and services Knowledge gaps • What combination of communication processes best enable women to understand and act on weather and climate information • What is the best constellation of institutional services for women and men? • How, and to what degree, can rural climate services be scaled up, while meeting context- gender- and age-specific user needs? • What gender differences in demand for climate services exist and why? • How can CIS be empowering for women?
  15. 15. Promoting women’s leadership and decision making / gender and climate policy What do we know • Gender is not well integrated into climate change policy at national or global levels • Many gaps in representation at local and community levels as well • Important to include women, women’s organizations in policy processes/platforms, dialogues, knowledge sharing meetings • Work with Ministries of Women, Youth, Social Development and/or other national women’s departments / organizations Knowledge gaps • How to work with local level organizations to increase women’s leadership. • Question: how can policy take into account gender aspects of climate change and agriculture, and how can women influence climate policy formulation?
  16. 16. Engendering climate finance mechanisms What do we know • Little attention to gender in climate finance at global and local levels • Lack of access to finance is one of the major barriers to women’s adaptation to climate change in agriculture • Constraints of financial literacy, collateral, land ownership, education, household decision making • Index insurance is one option where women do participate Knowledge gaps • What are the barriers and enabling strategies for women to access and use financial services such as insurance? • What kinds of investments and financial services most directly lead to increased women’s control of productive assets? • What is the role of collective finance organizations at the village / sub-national level, VSLAs, Women’s Banks? • What is the role of mobile money in empowering women?
  17. 17. Gender Publications • Publication of articles in Climatic Change from the Galway gender writeshop to date:  Ampaire et al, Gender in climate change, agriculture and natural resource policies: insights from East Africa – in revision  Partey, S.T., Dakorah, A.D., Zougmoré, R.B., Ouédraogo, M., Nyasimi, M., Nikoi, G.K. and Huyer, S. Gender and climate risk management: evidence of climate information use in Ghana.  Gutierrez-Montes, I., Arguedas, M., Ramirez-Aguero, F. et al. Contributing to the construction of a framework for improved indicators  Hariharan et al. Does climate smart village approach influence gender equity in farming households? A case of two contrasting ecologies in India. Just accepted for publication  Chanana-Nag, N. and Aggarwal, P.K., 2018. Woman in agriculture, and climate risks: hotspots for development.  Khatri-Chhetri, A. et al. Does Climate Smart Agriculture Reduce Women's Drudgery in High Climate Risk Areas? Just accepted for publication
  18. 18. Key tools and approaches • Collecting sex-disaggregated data and doing gender impact assessments on participation and benefits • Identification of gender-positive CSA practices and technologies • Sex-disaggregated data on climate-smart agriculture in CCAFS publications • A Gender-Responsive Approach to CSA: Evidence and guidance for practitioners • Gender and CSA Country Profiles (WA) currently under development • CCAFS Gender and Social Inclusion Tools • Gender Empowerment Index for CSA
  19. 19. CCAFS Youth Strategy Goal: Target and equip youth with CSA knowledge and technologies to increase productivity and employment opportunities for young people (CCAFS 2016).
  20. 20. CCAFS Youth Strategy – Focus Areas 1. Inclusion of age- (and sex) disaggregated indicators (data) in monitoring, evaluation and learning (MEL) processes and all projects 2. Youth engagement in policy at global/national policy levels (e.g. through CSOs, social media, youth networks, negotiation processes) and in programming at subnational level 3. Examining the role of youth along CSA value chains in CCAFS and priority value chains in AFS-CRPs 4. Research on the use of ICT technologies and engagement processes to meet the CSA and climate information needs of youth to strengthen youth entrepreneurship and climate resilience 5. Capacity strengthening through participatory learning approaches (e.g. participatory video, theatre, ICTs). Rwanda Youth in Agriculture Forum (RYAF) members were trained in managing climate risks in agriculture through the Participatory Integrated Climate Services for Agriculture (PICSA) training.
  21. 21. Promising approaches for working with youth • CSAYN • Other youth platforms, i.e. university developer clubs, hackathons • Innovative business models that incorporate digital technologies • Youth as designers but also users • Crowd-sourcing
  22. 22. Thank you JL Urrea (CCAFS)

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