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Forest Day 4 key messages


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Key messages from Forest Day 4, as presented by CIFOR director general Frances Seymour on 6 December 2010, Cancun

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Forest Day 4 key messages

  1. 1. Forest Day 4Sunday 5 December, 2010Cancun, Mexico
  2. 2. Forest Day 4 co-hosts
  3. 3. Forest Day 4• Theme: “Time to Act”• 1533 participants by mid pm ...of which 276 UNFCCC Party delegates ...and 106 members of the media• Keynote by the President of Mexico, Felipe Calderón• 70 speakers• Video streaming and blogs in 6 languages
  4. 4. A sense of urgency The time to act is now Impatience with lack of agreement on REDD+ five years after Montreal and four years after Stern Review Many references to extreme weather events in 2010 Assertion that the science is strong, and the “no action” scenarios are scary
  5. 5. Success iswithin reachPresident Calderón: “It’s time for all of us to push and push hard forincorporation of REDD+ into an agreement”John Ashton: “REDD+ is an enormous prize within our grasp”Tony La Viña: “Exceptionally good dynamics of REDD+ negotiations”
  6. 6. Synergies and safeguardsRights: Indigenous and community rights must be protected;rigorously enforced standards could reduce investment riskLivelihoods: REDD+ finance must be aligned with poverty reductionBiodiversity: REDD+ depends on, and can benefit, biodiversityAdaptation: Significant synergies to be captured with mitigation
  7. 7. Sub-plenary voting results: How important is it to monitor the co-benefits of REDD+?1. Not sufficiently important in relation to the anticipated high transaction costs 5%2. Somewhat important, but not at the expense of the primary objective of achieving emission reductions 31%3. Very important, even at the expense of some emission reductions effectiveness 65%
  8. 8. Options and opportunitiesCommunity management of forests: The Mexican experiencedemonstrates the promise of local stewardship of forestsRestoration of degraded land: Targeting the 1.5 billion hectares ofdegraded agricultural and forest land could break the poverty/degradationcycleImproving forest governance: REDD+ creates a demand for good forestgovernance that could help address corruption and improve lawenforcement
  9. 9. Sub-plenary voting results: Should sustainable management and restoration of forest ecosystems be mainstreamed in the adaptation plans andpolicies of other sectors such as agriculture, water and energy?1. Yes, always 62%2. Yes, sometimes 19%3. Don’t know 7%4. Generally no 7%5. Never 5%
  10. 10. Agriculture/forestry links • Agricultural expansion remains a major driver of deforestation • Agricultural intensification does not necessarily reduce deforestation, and can accelerate it • Landscape-level approaches to achieve multiple benefits: • Incentive payments • Other investments • Disincentives (command and control)
  11. 11. Sub-plenary voting results: How should forests be included in a post-Kyoto climate agreement?1. RED (deforestation only) 5%2. REDD (deforestation and degradation only) 11%3. REDD+ (encompassing conservation, Sustainable Forest Management and carbon stock enhancement) 47%4. REDD++ (including all terrestrial carbon) 37% Note: Proportion voting for REDD++ decreased since Forest Day 3