Alliance for Climate Smart Agriculture, 20 June 2014
R4D Collaboration
on Climate Change in Southeast Asia
Leocadio S. Seb...
2
• Vietnam, Cambodia
and Laos - most
vulnerable in the
region; hotspots
Addition:
• Indonesia - mitigate impact
of oil pa...
3
Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org
December 11-13, 2013 Bangkok, Thailand
Stakeholder Engagement
March 12-14, 20...
4
Agrarian and
rural
communities
are more
vulnerable to
climate change
and poverty and
are increasingly
becoming more
food...
5
CC Challenges in SEA
CLIMATE
VARIABILITY
SEA LEVEL RISE GREENHOUSE
GAS EMISSION
CH
4
6
Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org
Regional Outcome
Statements and Vision
7
Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org
Simplified/ General
Regional Impact Pathway
• Public and private sector
imple...
8
Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org
Priority R4D interventions
F1: Climate-smart agricultural practices
1. Modali...
9
Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org
Priority R4D interventions
F2: Climate information services and climate infor...
10
Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org
Priority R4D interventions
F3: Low-emissions agricultural development
1. App...
11
Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org
Priority R4D interventions
F4: Policies and institutions for climate-resilie...
12
Strategies
CCFAS
SEA
CONVERGENCE
INTEGRATION
COMPLEMENTATIONMOBILIZATION
INNOVATION
13
CSAs: Key agricultural activities
for managing risks
14
Climate Smart Village Sites in SEA
Ma Village (CIAT site)
Vinh Kien commune, Yen Binh district,
Yen Bai province
Cool l...
15
Site selection of CSVs
Rohar Sourng, Cambodia
Ekxang Village, Laos
Tra Hat Village, Cambodia
Ma Village, Vietnam My Loi...
16
Stay Connected!
Website: www.ccfas.cgiar.org
Blog: www.ccfas.cgiar.org/blog
Sign up for science, policy and news e-bull...
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R4D Collaboration on Climate Change in Southeast Asia

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Presentation of Dr. Leocadio Sebastian in the Consultative Meeting Alliance on Climate Smart Agriculture held in Hanoi, Vietnam, June 2014

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R4D Collaboration on Climate Change in Southeast Asia

  1. 1. Alliance for Climate Smart Agriculture, 20 June 2014 R4D Collaboration on Climate Change in Southeast Asia Leocadio S. Sebastian
  2. 2. 2 • Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos - most vulnerable in the region; hotspots Addition: • Indonesia - mitigate impact of oil palm as driver of deforestation • Philippines - mitigate effect of sea level rise • Myanmar - future expansion Focus countries
  3. 3. 3 Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org December 11-13, 2013 Bangkok, Thailand Stakeholder Engagement March 12-14, 2014, Hanoi, Vietnam 70 participants from 6 countries May 29-30, 2014, Hanoi, Vietnam
  4. 4. 4 Agrarian and rural communities are more vulnerable to climate change and poverty and are increasingly becoming more food insecure Low income from agriculture Low adaptive capacity Increasing variability in weather, sea level rise, and increasing frequency of extreme events Low farm productivity Imperfect agricultural markets and institutions (i.e credit, tenure, etc.) leading to low prices, high transactions costs etc. Landscapes and ecosystems are heavily degraded. Agricultural/ forestry policies unresponsive to the needs of agrarian and rural communities Increased GHGs from other sectors Increased GHGs from agriculture (i.e rice, oil palm and livestock) Unsustainable agricultural practices (i.e. high emission agricultural cultivation, commodity based/ single cropping, etc.) Agricultural practices that are not responsive to changing climates Persistent institutional problems within agencies (i.e. agriculture and forestry ministries) PROBLEM TREE
  5. 5. 5 CC Challenges in SEA CLIMATE VARIABILITY SEA LEVEL RISE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION CH 4
  6. 6. 6 Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org Regional Outcome Statements and Vision
  7. 7. 7 Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org Simplified/ General Regional Impact Pathway • Public and private sector implementing CC measures • Integration of CC adaptation and mitigation measures in regional and nat’l plans • Millions of farmers/communities practicing climate-smart technologies • Resilient agriculture for stable food supply and adequate access Behavioral changes in NEXT USERS (ministries, research institutions, private sector, etc.) leads to increase in uptake of CCAFS generated practices and processes (i.e. scaling up and out) Regional Flagship Priority Research Interventions (carried out in CSV areas) END-USER IMPACTS Localized (site based) evidence of what works NEXT USER OUTCOMESREGIONAL RESEARCH OUTPUTS
  8. 8. 8 Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org Priority R4D interventions F1: Climate-smart agricultural practices 1. Modalities to link climate smart villages (CSV) with bigger landscapes and administrative units 2. Effective strategies and policy measures at village to sub- national level 3. Innovative incentive mechanisms to support climate smart villages and rural development 1. CSA tool boxes for various stakeholders and decision support systems for policy, planning & forecasting 2. Knowledge management and exchange (e.g. forum, mass media, internet and mobile phone apps) 3. Capacity building program (training, institutions & facilities)
  9. 9. 9 Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org Priority R4D interventions F2: Climate information services and climate informed safety nets 1. Information on farmers’ demand for climate services and strengthened capacity to effectively share them. 2. Innovative schemes to communicate appropriate agricultural knowledge & practices enriched with climate smart information. 3. Early warning systems to response mechanisms 4. Weather-related insurance in SEA countries 1. Capacity established to understand and act on agro- meteorological information needs 2. Systems enhanced to develop high-quality historical climate data, forecast products, advisories, and impact outlooks 3. Communication channels established to deliver climate products and enable usage enhance climate resilience.
  10. 10. 10 Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org Priority R4D interventions F3: Low-emissions agricultural development 1. Approaches/strategies for up- scaling/out-scaling mitigation measures 2. Improved landscape governance and effectiveness of sustainability initiatives for agricultural industries 3. Vigorous incentive systems practices in mitigating GHG and CC adaptation 4. Regional support systems 1. Quantification methods + Measuring, reporting and verification (MRV) 2. Decision support tools and sets of options (innovations systems) 3. Feasibility of low-emission agriculture tested for compatibility with development objectives.
  11. 11. 11 Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org Priority R4D interventions F4: Policies and institutions for climate-resilient food systems 1. Policy and institution action mapping methods and high-impact intervention points 2. Policy information sharing platform on CC 3. Methods for country-wide scaling- up of CSV experiences and analysis of CSA roadmaps 4. Recommendations for regional and national level climate smart agricultural policies guided by social and gender differentiation 1. Multilingual and user friendly knowledge-generation and sharing platforms, at national and regional level. 2. Transparent and efficient stakeholder quality consultation mechanisms from local to regional level. 3. Effective CSA policy coordination, implementation, and monitoring & evaluation of options and recommendations.
  12. 12. 12 Strategies CCFAS SEA CONVERGENCE INTEGRATION COMPLEMENTATIONMOBILIZATION INNOVATION
  13. 13. 13 CSAs: Key agricultural activities for managing risks
  14. 14. 14 Climate Smart Village Sites in SEA Ma Village (CIAT site) Vinh Kien commune, Yen Binh district, Yen Bai province Cool lowland with surrounding upland areas My Loi Village (ICRAF site) Ky Son commune, Ky Anh district, Ha Tinh province Upland agroforestry area with diversified lowland crops Tra Hat Village (IRRI site) Chau Thoi Commune, Vinh Loi district, Bac Lieu province Intensive rice area, saline affected Ekxang Village (IWMI sites) Phonhong district, Vientiane province Drought prone rainfed with shallow water table Banh Pailom Village (IRRI site) Champhone district, Savannakhet province Drought prone rainfed area with deep water table Rohar Sourng village (WorldFish site) Prek Norinn commune, Ek Phnum district, Battam Bang province Seasonally flooded rainfed area • Represent different CC challenges, agro- ecosystems and landscapes • With existing CGIAR, government and partner activities and programs • Small landscape • Convergence of FP projects
  15. 15. 15 Site selection of CSVs Rohar Sourng, Cambodia Ekxang Village, Laos Tra Hat Village, Cambodia Ma Village, Vietnam My Loi Village, Vietnam Banh Pailom Village, Laos
  16. 16. 16 Stay Connected! Website: www.ccfas.cgiar.org Blog: www.ccfas.cgiar.org/blog Sign up for science, policy and news e-bulletins at our website. Follow us on twitter @cgiarclimate

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