R4D Collaboration on Climate Change in Southeast Asia

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The Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Regional Program for Southeast Asia (CCAFS-SEA) recently concluded a collective engagement and communication program workshop at the Agricultural Genetics Institute in Hanoi, Vietnam on 29-30 May.

The workshop participants drew insights from best practices of CGIAR member-centers, developed a roadmap to actively engage partners, and draw an overall communication plan to support the implementation of CCAFS research agenda and priorities.

Presented by Dr. Leocadio Sebastian

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R4D Collaboration on Climate Change in Southeast Asia

  1. 1. Independent Science Panel (ISP) Meeting, 21 May 2014 R4D Collaboration on Climate Change in Southeast Asia Leocadio S. Sebastian
  2. 2. 2 Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org December 10-13, 2013 Bangkok, Thailand March 12-14, 2014, Hanoi, Vietnam 70 participants from 6 countries Stakeholder Engagement
  3. 3. 3 Agrarian and rural communities are more vulnerable to climate change and poverty and are increasingly becoming more food insecure Low income from agriculture Low adaptive capacity Increasing variability in weather, sea level rise, and increasing frequency of extreme events Low farm productivity Imperfect agricultural markets and institutions (i.e credit, tenure, etc.) leading to low prices, high transactions costs etc. Landscapes and ecosystems are heavily degraded. Agricultural/ forestry policies unresponsive to the needs of agrarian and rural communities Increased GHGs from other sectors Increased GHGs from agriculture (i.e rice, oil palm and livestock) Unsustainable agricultural practices (i.e. high emission agricultural cultivation, commodity based/ single cropping, etc.) Agricultural practices that are not responsive to changing climates Persistent institutional problems within agencies (i.e. agriculture and forestry ministries) PROBLEM TREE
  4. 4. 4 CC Challenges in SEA CLIMATE VARIABILITY SEA LEVEL RISE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION CH 4
  5. 5. 5 Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org Regional Outcome Statements and Vision
  6. 6. 6 VISION Stable food supply, with consumers, particularly rural and urban poor, having adequate access to food commodities in the region. Farmers and communities practice climate-smart technologies and are resilient to climate change. Institutional capacities and capabilities of the public and private sector in implementing climate change measures are strong. Climate change adaptation and mitigation measures are integrated in regional and national development plans. These leads to more resilient agriculture in the region with a reduced contribution in GHGs.
  7. 7. 7 Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org Simplified/ General Regional Impact Pathway • Public and private sector implementing CC measures • Integration of CC adaptation and mitigation measures in regional and nat’l plans • Millions of farmers/communities practicing climate-smart technologies • Resilient agriculture for stable food supply and adequate access Behavioral changes in NEXT USERS (ministries, research institutions, private sector, etc.) leads to increase in uptake of CCAFS generated practices and processes (i.e. scaling up and out) Regional Flagship Priority Research Interventions (carried out in CSV areas) END-USER IMPACTS Localized (site based) evidence of what works NEXT USER OUTCOMESREGIONAL RESEARCH OUTPUTS
  8. 8. 8 • Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos - most vulnerable in the region; high developmental intervention needs Addition: • Indonesia - mitigate impact of oil palm as driver of deforestation • Philippines - mitigate effect of sea level rise • Myanmar - future expansion Focus countries
  9. 9. 9 Ma Village Vinh Kien Commune, Yen Binh District, Yen Bai Province Cool lowland with surrounding upland areas My Loi Village Ky Son Commune, Ky Anh District,Ha Tinh Province Upland agroforestry area with diversified lowland crops Ekxang Village Phonhong District, Vientiane Province Drought prone rainfed with shallow water table Banh Pailom Village Champhone District, Savannakhet Province Drought prone rainfed area with deep water table Rohar Sourng village, Prek Norinn commune, Ek Phnum District, Battam Bang Province Seasonally flooded rainfed area Focus sites • Represent different CC challenges, agroecosystems and landscapes • With existing CGIAR, government and partner activities and programs • Small landscape. • Convergence of FP projects
  10. 10. 10 Strategies CCFAS SEA CONVERGENCE INTEGRATION COMPLEMENTATIONMOBILIZATION INNOVATION
  11. 11. 11 Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org Priority R4D interventions F1: Climate-smart agricultural practices 1. Modalities to link climate smart villages (CSV) with bigger landscapes and administrative units 2. Effective strategies and policy measures at village to sub- national level 3. Innovative incentive mechanisms to support climate smart villages and rural development 1. CSA tool boxes for various stakeholders and decision support systems for policy, planning & forecasting 2. Knowledge management and exchange (e.g. forum, mass media, internet and mobile phone apps) 3. Capacity building program (training, institutions & facilities)
  12. 12. 12 Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org Priority R4D interventions F2: Climate information services and climate informed safety nets 1. Information on farmers’ demand for climate services and strengthened capacity to effectively share them. 2. Innovative schemes to communicate appropriate agricultural knowledge & practices enriched with climate smart information. 3. Early warning systems to response mechanisms 4. Weather-related insurance in SEA countries 1. Capacity established to understand and act on agro- meteorological information needs 2. Systems enhanced to develop high-quality historical climate data, forecast products, advisories, and impact outlooks 3. Communication channels established to deliver climate products and enable usage enhance climate resilience.
  13. 13. 13 Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org Priority R4D interventions F3: Low-emissions agricultural development 1. Approaches/strategies for up- scaling/out-scaling mitigation measures 2. Improved landscape governance and effectiveness of sustainability initiatives for agricultural industries 3. Vigorous incentive systems practices in mitigating GHG and CC adaptation 4. Regional support systems 1. Quantification methods + Measuring, reporting and verification (MRV) 2. Decision support tools and sets of options (innovations systems) 3. Feasibility of low-emission agriculture tested for compatibility with development objectives.
  14. 14. 14 Twitter: @cgiarclimate www.ccafs.cgiar.org Priority R4D interventions F4: Policies and institutions for climate-resilient food systems 1. Policy and institution action mapping methods and high-impact intervention points 2. Policy information sharing platform on CC 3. Methods for country-wide scaling- up of CSV experiences and analysis of CSA roadmaps 4. Recommendations for regional and national level climate smart agricultural policies guided by social and gender differentiation 1. Multilingual and user friendly knowledge-generation and sharing platforms, at national and regional level. 2. Transparent and efficient stakeholder quality consultation mechanisms from local to regional level. 3. Effective CSA policy coordination, implementation, and monitoring & evaluation of options and recommendations.
  15. 15. 15 Stay Connected! Website: www.ccfas.cgiar.org Blog: www.ccfas.cgiar.org/blog Sign up for science, policy and news e-bulletins at our website. Follow us on twitter @cgiarclimate

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