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Closing event: Planetary Health - Sam Bickersteth, Rockefeller Foundation Economic Council on Planetary Health

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This presentation introduces the concept of planetary health and the application of the concept to transforming the agricultural sector. The presentation was held by Sam Bickersteth, Rockefeller Foundation Economic Council on Planetary Health at the closing of the Agriculture Advantage 2.0 series at COP24.

Published in: Environment
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Closing event: Planetary Health - Sam Bickersteth, Rockefeller Foundation Economic Council on Planetary Health

  1. 1. Climate change, agriculture and planetary health Rockefeller Foundation Economic Council on Planetary Health
  2. 2. What is planetary health? • Balancing environmental change and human wellbeing • At scale - across countries, continents, and human generations • Council focus on economic drivers and solutions; addressing externalities “Put simply, planetary health is the health of human civilization and the state of the natural systems on which it depends.” – Lancet Commission on Planetary Health
  3. 3. Our World in Data 2018 World Bank 2018
  4. 4. Raworth (2017) The Lancet Planetary Health Steffen et al (2015) Science
  5. 5. Outdoor air pollution attribution to source (Lelieveld et al, Nature 2015) Residential energy 31% Agriculture 20% Natural 18% Power generation 14% Industry 7% Biomass burning 5% Land traffic 5%
  6. 6. Environmental impacts associated with agriculture (Springmann et al, Nature 2018):
  7. 7. Climate change: health burden adds up to 640,000 additional deaths in 2050 (WHO, 2014; Springmann et al, Lancet 2016)
  8. 8. Water and Sanitation Human health ANTIBIOTIC USAGE IN AGRICULTURE • Reduce AMR • Healthier people • Healthier diets Animal welfare • Less crowded conditions • More hygienic conditions GHGs • Better Waste management • Less methane Food systems Health Equity
  9. 9. Border Forest loss Intact forest More diarrhea Lower treatment $ Higher treatment $ Less diarrhea Biodiversity underpinning ecosystems Link Confidence EcosystemsBiodiversity Medium Example 30% greater upstream rural forest cover has the same effect on diarrhea incidence as access to improved sanitation in LMIC2 Catchment degradation increases maintenance costs by an average of 50% in 29% of cities globally3 Biodiversity underpins ecosystem efficiency, resilience, and functioning1 LowHealthEcosystem MediumTreatment $Ecosystem Biodiversity, ecosystems, health and water treatment linkages in two imagined transboundary watersheds
  10. 10. The economists’ toolkit Drivers of change Environmental impacts Air – Water – Land Wellbeing & health Market incentives, “command and control”, or behavioural interventions Transboundary/cross- jurisdiction coordination and governance Better measurement and monitoring
  11. 11. What next? • Decisions around land use, food systems and agriculture sit at the heart of future planetary health • Ecosystem degradation harms water quality and health; joint health and environmental monitoring and valuation can aid decision-making • Reformed subsidies, taxes, regulations and behavourial nudges needed to achieve planetary health outcomes • International collaboration of state and non-state actors critical to accelerating solutions

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