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Climate-Smart Village approach in West Africa

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3rd Africa Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance Forum
Implementing Climate-smart village (CSV) approach in West
Africa : Key achievements & lessons learned for CSA
upscaling
Presentation given by Dr. Mathieu Ouédraogo, CCAFS West Africa

Published in: Environment
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Climate-Smart Village approach in West Africa

  1. 1. Implementing Climate-smart village (CSV) approach in West Africa : Key achievements & lessons learned for CSA upscaling Africa Climate-Smart Agriculture Alliance Forum Dakar, Senegal 27 – 28 March 2019 Mathieu Ouédraogo, Samuel T. Partey & Robert Zougmoré CCAFS WA / ICRISAT - Mali
  2. 2. Key partners Contact : - ICRISAT : Robert Zougmoré CCAFS Regional Program Leader (r.zougmoré@cigar.org) Mathieu Ouedraogo, Regional CSV Coordinator (m.ouedraogo@cgiar.org ) - ICRAF: Jules Bayala (ICRAF), Project Leader (j.Bayala@cigar.org ) - INERA : André Babou Bationo, CSV Focal point - Burkina Faso - CSIR/SARI: Saaka Buah, CSV Focal point - Ghana - IER: Kalifa Traoré, CSV Focal point - Mail - INRAN: Abasse Tougiani, CSV Focal point - Niger - ISRA: Diaminatou Sanogo, CSV Focal point - Senegal See: https://ccafs.cgiar.org/regions/west-africa
  3. 3. Introduction • Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is proposed as a solution to transform and reorient agricultural systems to support food security under the new realities of climate change. • For this perspective, actions are needed to ensure a wider diffusion and adoption of CSA options. • Climate-Smart village approach addresses the need for proven and effective CSA options in a real-life setting and facilitates co-development of scaling mechanisms towards landscapes, subnational and national levels.
  4. 4. CSV - AR4D approach • Learning sites • Multiple partners • Capacity building Approach where CCAFS in partnership with rural communities and other stakeholders (NARES, NGOs, local authorities…), tests & validates in an integrated manner, several agricultural interventions (technological and institutional options) for dealing with climate change (addressing the productivity, adaptation and mitigation pillars, their synergies and trade-offs) Scaling up • Policy • Private sector • Mainstream successes via major initiatives Scaling out and up the appropriate options (addressing financial / incentives mechanisms and barriers) Drawing lessons for policy makers from local to global levels
  5. 5. How to set up a Climate-smart village ?
  6. 6. Climate-Smart Villages in World  36 CSV sites in 21 countries  10 CSV sites in WA
  7. 7. Climate-smart villages in West Africa : Doggoh (Ghana), Tibtenga (Burkina), Kaffrine (Senegal), Cinzana (Mali), Kampa Zarma (Niger ) • Baseline studies at site (HH, VBS and OBS) • Development of local adaptation plans through participatory planning (using TOP-SECAC and gender tools) • Development of local multi-disciplinary and multi-organizational partnership frameworks (IP, MWGs, Partnership for CI dissemination) • Test of CSA technologies and practices by and with communities • Iterative sharing of results & planning next steps • Gender mainstreaming in activities.
  8. 8. Ground testing of CSA technologies and practices with communities  22 CSA options tested in 2016 :  6 with mitigation potential,  4 with gender impact known.
  9. 9. Activities Burkina Faso Ghana Mali Niger Senegal Soil and water conservation techniques Zaï, Half-moons, Stone bunds, Manure / Micro-dosing, Compost, FMNR Ties ridges, Minimum tillage-Rotation-ISFM Compost, Mulching Contour ridge tillage Micro-dosing Compost Zaï, Half-moon, FMNR FMNR Localized application of fertilizers Vegetation rehabilitation Tree planting: wood, fruit (Adansonia digitata) and vegetables (Moringa oleifera) Tree planting: woodlots (Cassia siemea, Tectona grandis), fruits (Anacardium occidentale, Mangifera indica), leafy vegetable (Moringa oleifera) Tree planting: fertilizer (Gliricidia sepium), fruit (Adansonia digitata) and leafy vegetable (Moringa oleifera) Tree planting: drought tolerant tree species (Piliostigma reticula-tum, Bauhinia rufes-cens, Ziziphus spina Christi, Balanites aegyptiaca, Leptadenia hastata) for fodder, fruit and leaf vegetable Tree planting: grafted and non- grafted fruit trees (Adansonia digitata, Annona muricata, Psidium guajava, Tamarindus indica, and Ziziphus mauritiana) , Protected area Drought tolerant and short cycle varieties millet, cowpea, and sesame, biofortified varieties of millet and sweet potato maize sorghum, millet. Millet, Sorghum, groundnut, cowpea, Sesame, Bambara groundnut; Okra, Maize, Millet Gender specific activities (women) Introduction of Moringa oleifera Off season gardening Nutrition education Soybeans recipes Gardening, Fonio Sesame Vegetables Gardening, tree planting, baobab fruit powder processing , Mitigation FMNR, Tree planting Tree planting Jatropha curcas based farming system Tree planting Jatropha curcas based farming system FMNR Tree planting FMNR, Tree planting Developing CSA portfolios in WA CSVs
  10. 10. Developing CSA portfolios in WA CSVs Half-moons-Burkina FMNR - NigerImproved varieties - Niger Baobab fruit processing- Senegal Gardening-Mali Nutrition education, soybeans recipes-Ghana
  11. 11. Scientific evidence of CSA portfolios in CSVs- West Africa
  12. 12. Conclusion Improvement of diffusion and adoption of CSA options (SWC techniques, improved varieties, FMNR, CIS) Improvement of famers livelihoods (income, food security, reduction of migration of youth) Lack of sustained investment into climate adaptation and resilience constitutes a barrier for the scaling up of validated options. Development of partnership around CSVs to support the local development.  Mainstreaming of CSA into the development plan at all scale (local, national and regional) in order to benefit from development initiatives.
  13. 13. Key partners Contact : - ICRISAT : Robert Zougmoré CCAFS Regional Program Leader (r.zougmoré@cigar.org) Mathieu Ouedraogo, Regional CSV Coordinator (m.ouedraogo@cgiar.org ) - ICRAF: Jules Bayala (ICRAF), Project Leader (j.Bayala@cigar.org ) - INERA : André Babou Bationo, CSV Focal point - Burkina Faso - CSIR/SARI: Saaka Buah, CSV Focal point - Ghana - IER: Kalifa Traoré, CSV Focal point - Mail - INRAN: Abasse Tougiani, CSV Focal point - Niger - ISRA: Diaminatou Sanogo, CSV Focal point - Senegal See: https://ccafs.cgiar.org/regions/west-africa

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