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Climate and efficiency gains in dairy systems pilot project

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Presentation builds onto National Discussions on Priority Adaptation and Mitigation Actions for Agriculture in the National Climate Change Action Plan 2013-2017

More information: http://ccafs.cgiar.org/national-adaptation-planning-event-agriculture#.UhcfJD-LKdk

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Climate and efficiency gains in dairy systems pilot project

  1. 1. CLIMATE AND EFFICIENCY GAINS IN DAIRY SYSTEMS: PILOT PROJECT BY LUKE KESSEI /ROBIN MBAE LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • The agriculture sector, including livestock, is highly vulnerable to climate change • The sector is responsible for about 30 per cent of Kenya’s GHG emissions as in 2010 • 90 per cent of these emissions are generated by the livestock sub-sector. NCCAP, MARCH 2013
  3. 3. Total reference case emission from agriculture (MtCO2e)
  4. 4. Table 1: Reference case emissions from agriculture (MtCO2e)
  5. 5. Carbon and nitrogen flows on livestock farms e Feeding strategy and additives Livestock Landscape design Soils Agro ecology Manure Manure treatment Feed Export in meat/milk Emissions (CH4,NH3,N03,N20) Treatment (bioenery, composting) Emissions (CO2, NH3, NO3, NO2) Fertiliser (CO2, N2O) Import (CO2,N2O) Emissions (CH4) Gerber, P. et al.
  6. 6. Current position of Dairy sub-sector • Kenya has an estimated herd of 3.5 million improved dairy animals • National milk output has risen progressively from 2.8 billion litres in 2002 to 5.2 billion in 2011. • Contributes approximately 4% of Kenya’s GDP. • Source of income and employment to over 1.8 million smallholder dairy farmers. • Additionally creates upto 500,000 direct jobs along the value chain and a further 750,000 in related support services. • Cattle account for 88% of the milk produced while camel and goat account for the rest • The country also has the highest per capita consumption of milk in the African continent (120 lts/person/annum)
  7. 7. PURPOSE OF PROJECT • To increase dairy productivity which leads to reduction in GHGE intensity • Generation of carbon credit that will be linked to carbon trade mechanism.
  8. 8. OBJECTIVE • To enhance farmers income and food security • To develop a pilot project and methodology that can inform the development of a dairy industry NAMA in Kenya • To provide technical support for the development of technologies that link productivity gains to verifiable emission reductions in smallholder dairy production systems.
  9. 9. PROJECT CONCEPT • High-yielding animals producing more milk per lactation generally exhibit lower emission intensities. • Reasons:  Emissions are spread over more units of milk. Productivity gains are often achieved through the improved practices (Feeds, Genetics) Productivity gains reduces standing biomass per unit of milk produced.
  10. 10. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PRODUCTIVITY & EMISSION INTENSITY OF MILK
  11. 11. PROJECT COVERAGE • The pilot Project being undertaken in 3 Counties: Nandi North Uasin Gishu Elgeyo Marakwet
  12. 12. ACHIEVEMENTS • Stakeholders identified and sensitized • Project site screening & identification done • Technical working group constituted • Baseline study undertaken • Methodology development on - going
  13. 13. EXPECTED OUTPUT/OUTCOMES • Stakeholders identified and sensitized • Baseline report • Methodology development • Carbon accounting system developed & in use • Technology transfer
  14. 14. CHALLENGES • Limited knowledge on Carbon accounting system • Lack of records at farmer level for use in development of methodology in carbon emission accounting • Inadequate financial support to subsidize required inputs • The concept has a long term oriented result hence requires patience
  15. 15. WAY FORWARD • This project is a win win situation (productivity, Income, Food security, Carbon credit) and should be considered for inclusion as a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) • There is need for support to this initiative in order to benefit from the momentum so far generated as shown by the farmers & stakeholders interest.
  16. 16. COLLABORATING AGENCIES • MOAL&F • FAO • ILRI • CONSULTING AGENCY(UNIQUE)
  17. 17. THE END Thank You!

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