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8 December 2014 CCAFS Side Event COP 20 Janet Oyuke

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Development and Implementation of Legislation, Policies and Strategies; Programmes and Projects for Climate-Smart Agriculture: Kenyan Experience

By Janet Oyuke,
Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries

Published in: Environment
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8 December 2014 CCAFS Side Event COP 20 Janet Oyuke

  1. 1. REPUBLIC OF KENYA Development and Implementation of Legislation, Policies and Strategies; Programmes and Projects for Climate-Smart Agriculture: Kenyan Experience By Janet Oyuke, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries State Department of Agriculture, Nairobi Kenya CCAFS Side Event at the COP 20 Lima, Peru- 1st -12th December, 2014 achiengoyuke@yahoo.com
  2. 2. Outline 1. CSA Concept 2. Legislation, Policies & Strategies 3. Programs and Projects 4. Institutional Orientation 5. Challenges in planning for CSA 6. Opportunities: Priority actions
  3. 3. 1. Climate – Smart Agriculture (CSA): Concept • The concept of Climate-Smart Agriculture has emerged to describe agricultural systems that provide not only improved agricultural production for food security, but also climate change adaptation and mitigation benefits, and improved watershed and ecosystem management (FAO 2010)
  4. 4. 2. LEGISLATION, POLICIES AND STRATEGIES • The Kenya Constitution, 2010- Explicit on, – Minimum 10% tree cover – Sustainable exploitation, utilization, management of natural resources • The Kenya Vision 2030 - Identifies integration of environmental protection in agricultural production as one of the strategic thrusts to address the impacts of climate change
  5. 5. 2. LEGISLATION, POLICIES AND STRATEGIES…. National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS), 2010 • Focuses on integration of adaptation and mitigation measures in all government planning and development objectives • Prioritizes vulnerable sectors of the economy for quick and immediate action and • Provides explicit measures for addressing climate change in Kenya and defined criteria to track effectiveness of such measures
  6. 6. 2. LEGISLATION, POLICIES AND STRATEGIES…. • The National Climate Change Action Plan (2013-2017) has identified priority adaptation and mitigation actions for transforming to a low carbon climate resilient development pathway for Agriculture. • The Agricultural Sector Development Strategy, 2010-2020 stipulates the commitment of all Agriculture sector ministries to: – Implement Chapter 5 of the constitution 2010, and agricultural components of NCCRS/ NCCAP
  7. 7. 2. LEGISLATION, POLICIES AND STRATEGIES…. • The National Agriculture Sector Extension Policy stipulates that all extension service providers will mainstream environment and natural resource-related issues in extension messages. • The Climate Bill and the National Climate Change Policy ( Both currently being prepared) - Milestone towards; enhanced adaptive capacity , building resilience, promoting a low carbon development pathway, legal and institutional framework for CC mitigation and adaptation
  8. 8. 3. PROGRAMMES AND PROJECTS • Weather-indexed crop insurance schemes • Water harvesting for food security and • Water efficient irrigated agriculture • Investment in Conservation Agriculture • commodity-based adaptation including provision of climate information to farmers • Reliable storage structures for agricultural goods • Diversification of livelihood sources to include apiculture, sericulture, fish farming, drought tolerant livestock breeds and high value traditional crops.
  9. 9. 4. Institutional Orientation • There is established the CC Secretariat – MEW&NR to coordinate climate change activities across sectors and • CCU – MOALF; To act as a knowledge broker to support the mainstreaming of climate change into all of the Ministry’s projects and programs
  10. 10. 5. Challenges in Planning for Climate-Smart Agriculture • Separate planning processes for climate adaptation, mitigation, and sustainable agriculture can complicate policy and program implementation for climate-smart agriculture • Funds are uncertain and insufficient • Institutional coordination and stability are necessary for long-term planning and investment – Kenya faces a parallel challenge of building climate change institutions within a context of rapidly developing and complicated international policy and funding processes as well as a dynamic domestic political environment, in which a new constitution is substantially altering the structure of many core government institutions.
  11. 11. 6.Opportunities: Priority Actions To improve development and implementation of national policies, strategies, programmes and projects for climate-smart agriculture: • Strong linkage between the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries and other stakeholders; • Streamline finance mechanisms to support climate-smart agriculture; • Improve measurement systems that allow for multi-objective programs; and • Incorporate climate change strategy and national water catchment policy.
  12. 12. THANK YOU

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