CCAFS\ ACPC\ COMESA\ African Group of Negotiators Engagement.


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In her presentation, Catherine Mungai from CCAFS gave an overview of the engagement between CCAFS, ACPC and Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) to support the African Group of Negotiators to integrate agriculture and climate change. At the request of the Chair of the African Group of Negotiators (AGN), the collaborating institutions are supporting the preparation of Technical and Position Papers on Agriculture and Climate Change in the context of Africa. The objective of the papers which focus on “Agriculture and Climate Change: Challenges and Opportunities in Africa,” is to guide the AGN in the on-going SBSTA work and UNFCCC negotiations on agriculture, including loss and damage elements.

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CCAFS\ ACPC\ COMESA\ African Group of Negotiators Engagement.

  1. 1. Catherine Mungai Program Specialist, CCAFS East Africa Led by CCAFS/ACPC/COMESA Support to the African Group of Negotiators in the International Climate Change Discussions on Loss and Damage
  2. 2. Adapting Agriculture to Climate Variability and Change Technologies, practices, partnerships and policies for: 1. Adaptation to Progressive Climate Change 2. Adaptation through Managing Climate Risk 3. Pro-poor Climate Change Mitigation Improved Environmental Health Improved Rural Livelihoods Improved Food Security Enhanced adaptive capacity in agricultural, natural resource management, and food systems 4. Integration for Decision Making • Linking Knowledge with Action • Assembling Data and Tools for Analysis and Planning • Refining Frameworks for Policy Analysis The CCAFS Framework
  3. 3. Where CCAFS works Latin America West Africa East Africa South Asia Southeast Asia
  4. 4. Led by CCAFS East Africa CCAFS EA program has identified six learning sites in four countries: Kenya (Nyando and Wote Districts), Uganda (Hoima and Rakai districts) Tanzania (Lushoto district) and Ethiopia (Borana).
  5. 5. Led by Africa’s input on Loss and Damage in the UNFCCC
  6. 6.  The extent of loss and damage due to climate change amongst African farming communities and society at large varies depending on their adaptive capacity.  Declining crop yields due to prolonged drought and high temperatures, especially in Africa, could put hundreds of thousands of people at risk.  Since Africa's agriculture will most likely be affected by climate change, it is imperative that African leaders take leadership in matters relating to agriculture in the climate negotiations. What does this mean for Africa?
  7. 7. UNFCCC - Loss and Damage  COP 16 - Parties created a Work Programme on Loss and Damage under the Subsidiary Body on Implementation (SBI);  COP17 - Negotiators reached a consensus on elements of the SBI Work Program focusing on three thematic areas: • Assessing the risk of loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change and the current knowledge on the same • A range of approaches to address loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change, including impacts related to extreme weather events and slow onset events, taking into consideration experience at all levels • The role of the Convention in enhancing the implementation of approaches to address loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change
  8. 8.  At the conclusion of COP17, Parties were invited to submit views on issues related to agriculture to be considered by 36th Session of SBSTA in 2012  The AGN chair requested CCAFS, COMESA, & ACPC-UNECA to support the preparation of the Technical and Position Papers on Agriculture and Climate Change in the context of Africa.  A team of experts from five sub-regions of Africa was established and constituted to gather evidence support for a common position for agriculture in Africa AGN Technical Paper
  9. 9. Major Farming Systems Sub-Saharan Africa
  10. 10.  Several writing sessions supported by CCAFS, COMESA and ACPC have been held with the experts for the chapters shown below o State of Africa’s Agriculture • Gender and Social-Culture • Farming Systems o Vulnerabilities of African Agriculture Under a Changing Climate o Impacts and Adaptation Strategies for a Climate Resilient Agriculture o Opportunities for Adaptation Co-benefits in Agriculture o Enabling Framework to support Agricultural Adaptation to Climate change o Agriculture issues under the UNFCCC process o 10 case studies on successful agricultural adaptation to climate change in Africa  To strengthen the paper, CCAFS facilitated an event during COP 19 in Warsaw, Poland to bring together the authors, reviewers and experts to provide critical inputs to the draft book. The Process
  11. 11.  As part of the evidence gathering process, CCAFS partnered with UNECA-ACPC to undertake a study on loss and damage in Mozambique to assess how farmers and fisher folk are affected by floods.  The case study will contribute to the loss and damage work program of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), especially from Africa’s perspective. Mozambique Case Study on Loss and Damage
  12. 12.  Position paper on Agriculture and climate change to inform the common African position on Agriculture in the UNFCCC process  Technical Paper on Agriculture and Climate Change in Africa  Policy briefs  Scientific papers to refereed journals for publication to feed into the IPCC produced Assessment Reports.  The book will be launched in 2014 during the COP 20 in Lima Peru Outputs
  13. 13. • Africa Portal Backgrounder No. 64 - African Group of Negotiators: african-group-negotiators-unfccc • Op-ed - Africa roots for agriculture in global climate change talks - roots-agriculture-global-climate-change-talks-star- kenya#.UvntRbT9w5a • Blog - Africans put agriculture in climate focus - focus#.Uvnt6bT9w5a For more information
  14. 14. Thank you