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Training for Conducting Carbon Balance Appraisals of AFOLU projects and policies 
FAO-CCAFS International Workshop 
Reduci...
I. Agenda and Objectives 
ECONOMICS OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS (ESAS) 
AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DIVISION...
The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool 
www.fao.org/tc/exact 
By the end of the training, participants will have used the EX-ACT ...
The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool 
www.fao.org/tc/exact 
An Excel-based calculator, used to: 
•Quantify the amount of GHG re...
The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool 
www.fao.org/tc/exact 
•Technical development of the EX-ACT tool 
•Conduct GHG appraisals ...
The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool 
www.fao.org/tc/exact 
9.00-10.30 
•Opening (15 mn) 
•Presentation of EX-Act Carbon balanc...
II. World Bank and IFI’s: Towards a harmonized approach to project level GHG accounting 
ECONOMICS OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULT...
The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool 
www.fao.org/tc/exact 
•IFI engaged 
oWorld Bank (WB), Asian Development Bank (ADB), Europ...
The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool 
www.fao.org/tc/exact 
•Net emissions compared to baseline scenario 
oReference scenario m...
III. Climate change, GHG Appraisal and Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) 
ECONOMICS OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS (ESAS...
AGRICULTURE’S CONTRIBUTION TO GHG EMISSIONS 
CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE: MAIN CONCEPTS AND IMPACTS
The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool 
www.fao.org/tc/exact 
Main mitigation options 
70 % of agriculture mitigation potential 
...
The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool 
EX-ACT Training, World Bank 2014 
www.fao.org/tc/exact 
Concepts: Mitigation & Adaptation...
The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool 
EX-ACT Training, World Bank 2014 
www.fao.org/tc/exact 
Main differences between adaptati...
The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool 
www.fao.org/tc/exact 
Links between Adaptation and Mitigation 
Agriculture Adaptation 
Ta...
The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool 
EX-ACT Training, World Bank 2014 
www.fao.org/tc/exact 
From farm-based to comprehensive ...
CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE: MAIN CONCEPTS AND IMPACTS 
EX-ACT TEAM: 
LOUIS BOCKEL (FAO): louis.bockel@fao.org 
MARTIAL...
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Bockel EX ACT Training nov 12 2014

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Presentation at Reducing the costs of GHG estimates in agriculture to inform low emissions development
10-12 November 2014
Sponsored by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Published in: Science
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Bockel EX ACT Training nov 12 2014

  1. 1. Training for Conducting Carbon Balance Appraisals of AFOLU projects and policies FAO-CCAFS International Workshop Reducing the costs of GHG estimates in Agriculture 12 November 2014 EX-ACT TEAM: LOUIS BOCKEL, MARTIAL BERNOUX, UWE GREWER, LAURE SOPHIE SCHIETTECATTE, ECONOMICS OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS (ESAS)
  2. 2. I. Agenda and Objectives ECONOMICS OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS (ESAS) AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DIVISION (ESA)
  3. 3. The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool www.fao.org/tc/exact By the end of the training, participants will have used the EX-ACT tool and will be able to: •Explain the concept of a carbon balance •Apply the EX-ACT tool for a simple application •Analyze and utilize EX-ACT results Training Objectives
  4. 4. The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool www.fao.org/tc/exact An Excel-based calculator, used to: •Quantify the amount of GHG released or sequestered from agricultural activities •Assist in identifying practices with beneficial impacts What is EX-ACT?
  5. 5. The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool www.fao.org/tc/exact •Technical development of the EX-ACT tool •Conduct GHG appraisals and economic analysis of development projects & agricultural policies •Disseminate and provide training on the EX-ACT tool in the context of Climate-Smart Agriculture Role of EX-ACT team
  6. 6. The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool www.fao.org/tc/exact 9.00-10.30 •Opening (15 mn) •Presentation of EX-Act Carbon balance Tool and some applications (35 mn) •Hands-on application of EX-ACT (40 mn) oEntering data in EX-ACT oPractical exercise: Forest reserve in Brazil oPractical exercise: Indonesia Palm oil plantation Training Overview
  7. 7. II. World Bank and IFI’s: Towards a harmonized approach to project level GHG accounting ECONOMICS OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS (ESAS) AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DIVISION (ESA)
  8. 8. The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool www.fao.org/tc/exact •IFI engaged oWorld Bank (WB), Asian Development Bank (ADB), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), European Investment Bank (EIB), Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Agence Française de développement (AfD), … •Screening oIFIs shall screen each proposed direct investment project for likely significant GHG emissions. oIFIs will undertake GHG accounting for all direct investments consistent with the screening criteria. •Methodology oIFIs shall undertake the GHG accounting of a project based on established methodologies for ex-ante GHG accounting International Financial Institution Framework for a Harmonised Approach to GHG Accounting
  9. 9. The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool www.fao.org/tc/exact •Net emissions compared to baseline scenario oReference scenario may be either a “without project” scenario or an “alternative scenario” •Reporting oAt a minimum, each IFI shall report annually on the aggregate net GHG emissions for screened mitigation projects, estimated to arise from the previous year’s approved or signed investments Harmonised Approach to GHG Accounting
  10. 10. III. Climate change, GHG Appraisal and Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) ECONOMICS OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS (ESAS) AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DIVISION (ESA)
  11. 11. AGRICULTURE’S CONTRIBUTION TO GHG EMISSIONS CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE: MAIN CONCEPTS AND IMPACTS
  12. 12. The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool www.fao.org/tc/exact Main mitigation options 70 % of agriculture mitigation potential In developing countries CO2  rate of deforestation and forest degradation,  adoption of improved cropland management practices (reduced tillage, integrated nutrient and water management) CH4, N2O RESOURCE USE EFFICIENCY improved animal production and management of livestock waste, more efficient management of irrigation water on rice paddies, improved nutrient management Sequestering carbon conservation farming practices, improved forest management practices, afforestation and reforestation, agro-forestry, improved grasslands management, restoration of degraded land Mitigation possible through changes in agricultural technologies and management practices -1,2 t eq- CO2/ha/year -18,8 t eq-CO2/ha/year -42,7 t eq-CO2/ha/year 1 ha of avoided deforestation from tropical rain forest to degraded lands 1 ha plantation, degraded land to tropical rain plantation 1 ha grasslands from severely degraded to improved grasslands -1,7 à -3,8 t eq- CO2/ha/year 1 ha from degraded land to annual crops
  13. 13. The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool EX-ACT Training, World Bank 2014 www.fao.org/tc/exact Concepts: Mitigation & Adaptation Mitigation Adaptation I attack the problem I act in response to the impacts of the problem Strategies can and should be implemented jointly Decrease GHG sources Increase sinks of GHG Risk management Strenghtening institutions Trainings Investments in rural economy Decrease sources Increase sinks
  14. 14. The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool EX-ACT Training, World Bank 2014 www.fao.org/tc/exact Main differences between adaptation and mitigation Longer-term effect Shorter-term effect Especially motivated with countries less vulnerable to CC Especially focussed on vulnerable countries Global Local Effects of climate change Causes of climate change Mitigation Objectives Spatial scale Time scale Equity Adaptation  Same final common target: Sustainable development
  15. 15. The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool www.fao.org/tc/exact Links between Adaptation and Mitigation Agriculture Adaptation Targets Agriculture Mitigation Targets Enriched carbon in soils rehabilitated land in watersheds Reduce flood recurrence and improve resilience to natural disasters Diversify rural income and strengthen economic resilience Increase protection against disaster (Disaster risk management, insurance) reforested areas improved pasture management Reduced deforestation and slash and burn practices L&W conservation measures Community oriented public works Land use management Reduced CH4 emissions Adequate irrigation Double target activities PES to farmers Cropping systems resilient to drought and water stress
  16. 16. The EX-Ante Carbon balance Tool EX-ACT Training, World Bank 2014 www.fao.org/tc/exact From farm-based to comprehensive development concepts Conservation agriculture Sustainable land management Agroecology Organic farming Macro Micro Farming technics Area - based management Multi-function planning and policies Climate smart agriculture Value chain CSA among other concepts of `green‘ agriculture
  17. 17. CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE: MAIN CONCEPTS AND IMPACTS EX-ACT TEAM: LOUIS BOCKEL (FAO): louis.bockel@fao.org MARTIAL BERNOUX (IRD): martial.bernoux@ird.org UWE GREWER (FAO): uwe.grewer@fao.org WWW.FAO.ORG/TC/EXACT EMAIL: EX-ACT@FAO.ORG

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