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…and a lot of people that help to design, test, validate, use, improve, correct, translate and disseminate EX-ACT: L. Bock...
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
Background/History 
2008 2009 2010 
Concept 
note 
Tool design 
Pilot desk and field case...
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
Background/History 
2008 2009 2010 2011 
One tool, several 
potentials 
Putting forward 
...
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
Set of linked Microsoft Excel sheets (23) 
Aboveground 
Belowground 
Dead wood 
Litter 
S...
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
Set of linked Microsoft Excel sheets (23) 
OLU 
Land-use change 
Deforestation 
OLU 
Af/R...
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
Main concepts and methodologies beyond EX-ACT 
Methodologies 
What is exactly EX-ACT?
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
Main concepts and methodologies beyond EX-ACT 
Methodologies 
Other Coefficients 
What is...
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
Matrix 
(Synthesis of 
LULUCF) 
Description 
Climate 
Soil 
Ecol-Zone 
Sub-Modules 
List ...
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
BRAZIL 
« Santa Catarina rural competitiveness » and 
« Rio de Janeiro sustainable rural ...
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
Nigerian Vision 2020 
REDD+ Congo 
Eritrea 
Morocco 
India 
Uruguay 
Turkey 
Russia 
EX-A...
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
Objective: Increase agricultural production and productivity 
Targets: 2.5 millions farme...
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
Major weakness of EX-ACT: One main climate and One main soil type 
But user can easily do...
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
http://www.fao.org/tc/exact/en/
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT)
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
EX-ACT Screenshots
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
Description of the project 
Project Name GWP (choose values) 
Continent CO2 1 
CH4 21 
Cl...
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
Project Summary Area (Initial state in ha) 
Name Rio de Janeiro Rural -EX-ACT v3 Forest/P...
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT)
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT)
“EX-ACT is anything but exact…”
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
The Kirehe Community-based Watershed Management Project in Rwanda
EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 
The Kirehe Community-based Watershed Management Project in Rwanda
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Bernoux EX ACT methods oct 2011

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Presentation for CCAFS - FAO workshop
Smallholder Mitigation: Whole Farm and Landscape Accounting

27 - 28 October 2011


Published in: Science
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Bernoux EX ACT methods oct 2011

  1. 1. …and a lot of people that help to design, test, validate, use, improve, correct, translate and disseminate EX-ACT: L. Bockel, A. Carro, G. Branca, M. Tinlot, A. Gentien, P. Gorin, P.L. Sutter, O. Touchemoulin, L. Lipper, G. Smith, D. Thapa, M. Jonsson, R. Sanz Cortes, K. Medeiros, and … Martial Bernoux Smallholder Mitigation: Whole Farm and Landscape Accounting EX-ACT and Landscape Accounting Functionnal Ecology & Biogeochemistry of Soils & Agro-ecosystems A French Multi-institute Research group based in Montpellier
  2. 2. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) Background/History 2008 2009 2010 Concept note Tool design Pilot desk and field cases: Tanzania, Brazil, Eritrea, Madagascar, China EX-ACT v1 Tech. Guidelines User guides Peer review EX-ACT v2 Web site A simple tool to provide rapid ex-ante estimations of the impact of agriculture and forestry development projects on GHG emissions and carbon sequestration, but using data already available (cost-effective) within classical formulation or evaluation of existing project. TCS TCI ESA
  3. 3. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) Background/History 2008 2009 2010 2011 One tool, several potentials Putting forward externalities Anticipating GHG and carbon impacts of agriculture and forestry activities in a development context Strengthening value chains Helping to get additional funding Helping policy decision-making A tools for teachers Scaling up and interaction
  4. 4. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) Set of linked Microsoft Excel sheets (23) Aboveground Belowground Dead wood Litter Soil C stock variation N2O & CH4 emissions Land-use change Land-use remaining same land-use OLU Deforestation OLU Af/Re-forestation OLU OLU Other LUC Forest degradation Annual crop Rice Grassland Perennial crop What is exactly EX-ACT?
  5. 5. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) Set of linked Microsoft Excel sheets (23) OLU Land-use change Deforestation OLU Af/Re-forestation OLU OLU Other LUC Forest degradation Annual crop Land-use remaining same land-use Rice Grassland Organic soils Livestock Inputs Other investments Components of the project Perennial crop What is exactly EX-ACT?
  6. 6. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) Main concepts and methodologies beyond EX-ACT Methodologies What is exactly EX-ACT?
  7. 7. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) Main concepts and methodologies beyond EX-ACT Methodologies Other Coefficients What is exactly EX-ACT?
  8. 8. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) Matrix (Synthesis of LULUCF) Description Climate Soil Ecol-Zone Sub-Modules List Other Coeff. IPCC defaults Variables and coefficients Modular approach Related to land areas Results (total, per ha, per ha and per year) User can have its own coefficients if available (Tier 2) What is exactly EX-ACT?
  9. 9. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) BRAZIL « Santa Catarina rural competitiveness » and « Rio de Janeiro sustainable rural development” 140 000 small-farming families MADAGASCAR Irrigation and watershed management programs 140 000 small-farming families ETHIOPIA The Agricultural Growth Project (AGP) 2 Mi small/medium farming families RWANDA Land husbandry, Water harvesting and Hillside irrigation (LWH) project and The Kirehe Community-based Watershed Management Project (KWAMP) 8 000 small-farming families UGANDA Agriculture Technology and Agribusiness Advisory Services project (ATAAS) 2.1 Mi small farming families TANZANIA Accelerated Food Security Project 2.5 Mi small-farming families Rep. Dem. CONGO Agriculture Rehabilitation and Recovery Support Project (ARRSP) 105 000 small farming families BURKINA FASO Cashew nuts value chain 15 000 small farming families EX-Act applied at landscape levels for developing country, smallholder contexts All these studies are available on the dedicated web site
  10. 10. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) Nigerian Vision 2020 REDD+ Congo Eritrea Morocco India Uruguay Turkey Russia EX-Act applied at landscape levels for developing country, smallholder contexts EX-ACT also used at “national” scale (policies and programs) ~30 project and policy appraisals in 24 counties (2.5 Bi) But also, Training and presentations in over 20 countries for around 600 people…
  11. 11. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) Objective: Increase agricultural production and productivity Targets: 2.5 millions farmers Means: improve rice and maize crops ( vouchers : improved seeds, inputs), stop residue burning, adoption of improved practises with better agronomic practises and better nutrient management Duration of carbon balance appraisal: 7+13 years T Eq-CO2 Maize Irrigation Irrigated rice Inputs Total Carbon balance (CB) -12.616.561 235 2.607.667 4.187.055 -5.821.604 CB.ha-1 -5,5 CB.an-1.ha-1 -0,28 T Eq-CO2 Maize Irrigation Irrigated rice Inputs Total Carbon blance (CB) -8.353.397 235 2.607.667 4.187.055 -1.558.440 CB.ha-1 -1,5 CB.an-1.ha-1 -0,07 27% 29% 29% conventionnel improved 1: agronomic+nutrient+no tillage+no burning Improved 2 : nutrient+no burning Improved 3: nutrient S C E N A R I O 2 S C E N A R I O 1 Accelerated Food Security Project in the United Republic of Tanzania TANZANIA Accelerated Food Security Project 2.5 Mi small-farming families
  12. 12. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) Major weakness of EX-ACT: One main climate and One main soil type But user can easily done sensitivity analysis RWANDA : Land husbandry, Water harvesting and Hillside irrigation (LWH) project
  13. 13. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) http://www.fao.org/tc/exact/en/
  14. 14. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT)
  15. 15. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) EX-ACT Screenshots
  16. 16. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) Description of the project Project Name GWP (choose values) Continent CO2 1 CH4 21 Climate N2O 310 Moisture regime See "Climate" for Help Dominant Regional Soil Type See "Soil" for Help Duration of the Project (Years) Implementation phase 6 Capitalisation phase 14 Duration of accounting 20 Components of the Project Deforestation Forest Degradation Afforestation and Reforestation Non Forest Land Use Change Agriculture Annual Crops Agroforestry/Perennial Crops Irrigated Rice Grassland Other GHG Emissions Livestock Inputs Other Investment Official-CDM LAC Soils Moist Rio de Janeiro Rural -EX-ACT v3 South America Tropical GO TO RESULTS
  17. 17. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) Project Summary Area (Initial state in ha) Name Rio de Janeiro Rural -EX-ACT v3 Forest/Plantation 6,2 Annual 225104 Implementation 6 Continent South America Cropland Perennial 0 Capitalisation 14 Rice 0 Total 20 Climate Tropical Moist Grassland 691 Other Land Degraded 2010 Dominante Soil TyLpAeC Soils Other 0 Total Area 227811,2 Without With 4302 this is a source > 0 215 0 Forest Degradation 0 < 0 0 0 0 > -517372 this is a sink 0 -25869 0 > -114412 this is a sink 0 -5721 2823705 this is a source > 2610433 this is a source 141185 130522 0 > -186120 this is a sink 0 -9306 0 < 0 0 0 -12803 this is a sink > -23770 this is a sink -640 -1188 14105095 this is a source > 14065326 this is a source 705255 703266 9074 this is a source < 11570 this is a source 454 578 8496 this is a source < 19482 this is a source 425 974 Final Balance 16937869 It is a source > 15865136 It is a source 846893 793257 Result per ha 74,4 > 69,6 3,7 3,5 Afforestation and Reforestation Non Forest Land Use Change Agriculture Other Investment Annual Crops Agroforestry/Perennial Crops Irrigated Rice Grassland Components of the Project Other GHG Emissions Livestock Inputs Deforestation All GHG in tCO2eq Gross fluxes "Without Project" Duration of the Project (years) Gross fluxes "With Project" All GHG in tCO2eq Gross fluxes per year -2000000 0 2000000 4000000 6000000 8000000 10000000 12000000 14000000 16000000 Deforestation Forest DegraAdfafotiorenstation and ReNfonre Fsotarteiosnt Land Use Chan Agennual CroApgsroforestry/Perennial CroIprrsigated Rice Grassland Livestock Inputs Other Investment
  18. 18. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT)
  19. 19. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT)
  20. 20. “EX-ACT is anything but exact…”
  21. 21. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) The Kirehe Community-based Watershed Management Project in Rwanda
  22. 22. EX-Ante C-balance Tool (EX-ACT) The Kirehe Community-based Watershed Management Project in Rwanda

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