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Apel GEF GHG accounting methods requirements Nov 10 2014

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Presentation at workshop: Reducing the costs of GHG estimates in agriculture to inform low emissions development
November 10-12, 2014
Sponsored by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Published in: Science
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Apel GEF GHG accounting methods requirements Nov 10 2014

  1. 1. GHG accoun6ng methods & requirements for GEF projects Ulrich Apel – GEF Secretariat Interna'onal Workshop Rome, 10-­‐12 Nov 2014
  2. 2. General Remarks • GEF supports countries fulfilling conven6on obliga6ons and is a/the financing mechanism of the UNFCCC, UNCCD, and other conven6ons. • GEF funding is incremental/addi6onal. Requirements include (1) project baseline descrip6on (what will happen if GEF does not finance the project) and (2) incremental reasoning (what will happen if the GEF does finance the project). • For GEF it is essen6al to have reliable informa6on on the GHG emission reduc6ons of the (relevant) programs/projects it supports, including: (i) assessment of direct GHG emissions reduc'ons during project implementa'on and at comple'on, (ii) es'ma'on of indirect GHG emission reduc'on (for some projects). • GEF works through implemen6ng agencies and its GHG accoun6ng requirements are based on / harmonized with requirements of agencies as far as possible.
  3. 3. Biodiversity Land Degrada1on Climate Change Chemicals Interna1onal Waters Sustainable Management Forest Sustainable Ci1es Food Forests Security Focal / Mul1-­‐focal Area Strategy Delivery Selected SD Themes Integrated Approach Pilots v Commodi1es v Partnership for SS-­‐Africa v Ci1es
  4. 4. Projects with Climate Change Mi6ga6on (CC-­‐M) Funding • Has in place required GHG accoun6ng methodologies for the es6ma6on of direct ex-­‐ante GHG emissions reduc6on impact for projects in the following sectors: -­‐ transporta6on: hUp://www.thegef.org/gef/GEF_C39_Inf.16_Manual_Greenhouse_Gas_Benefits -­‐ energy efficiency and renewable energy: hUp://www.thegef.org/gef/node/313 and hUp://www.stapgef.org/revised-­‐methodology-­‐for-­‐calcula6ng-­‐greenhouse-­‐gas-­‐ benefits-­‐of-­‐gef-­‐energy-­‐efficiency-­‐projects-­‐version-­‐1-­‐0/ • Is developing a GHG accoun6ng methodology for projects in the urban sector, and one for LULUCF projects. – For LULUCF projects, the current requirement for emission or removal factors (tCO2eq per ha per year), is to use IPCC defaults or country specific factors based on area targets.
  5. 5. CC-­‐M projects (cont.) • Agencies must es6mate GHG emission reduc6ons for CCM projects ex-­‐ ante using widely accepted methodologies for GHG emission reduc6on calcula6ons. Requirements include (1) project baseline descrip6on (what will happen if GEF does not finance the project) and (2) incremental reasoning (what will happen if the GEF does finance the project). • Calcula6ons need to clarify the assump6ons used and update, as necessary, values of parameters such as emission factors, capacity factors, and 6mescales. • All GHG accoun6ng methodologies required by GEF are currently being evaluated on how they can be improved consistent with guidance of the UNFCCC. • GEF partnership strives to iden6fy and promote the use of exis6ng meta-­‐ datasets that provide readily available, standardized informa6on for the es6ma6on of GHG mi6ga6on impacts.
  6. 6. Projects with Land Degrada6on Focal Area (LDFA) funding • Projects include SLM ac6vi6es in produc6on landscapes. Depending on project design, avoided GHG emissions and carbon sequestra6on might be targeted by the project. • If so, these targets must be es6mated at CEO endorsement stage and reported through the LDFA Tracking Tool. • The es6mate must be based on widely accepted methodologies to be noted in the project document. • The GEF recommends using tools and methodologies of the Carbon Benefits Project, a GEF financed UNEP project: hUp:// carbonbenefitsproject-­‐compa.colostate.edu/
  7. 7. Projects with Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Program Funding • SFM projects involve funding from at least two of the LD, CC-­‐M, and BD focal areas and are thus based on LDFA and LULUCF requirements. • SFM projects support countries in REDD+ phases 1 and 2. • All SFM projects require carbon es6mates at concept stage (PIF stage) based on 6er one (IPCC default values) methodologies. Depending on the project focus, higher precision of es6mates might be required (6er two). • GEF recommends using exis6ng and widely accepted tools such as FAO EX-­‐ACT.
  8. 8. Concluding Remarks • In its projects, GEF is increasingly looking for mul6ple benefits. GHG emission reduc6on is only one of these benefits. This is especially important in the case of SLM and SFM projects. • GEF has specific requirements for projects in specific sectors (transport, energy, urban) but in general is accep6ng standard GHG accoun6ng and monitoring methodologies and implemen6ng agencies’ methods. • GEF is open to robust low cost methods that effec6vely enable planning, monitoring, and evalua6ng GHG emission reduc6on impacts.

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