© CIMMYT

© Reuters

© CIAT

PRIORITIZING
CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURE
Development of decision support tools
Liderado por

Significant
Demand
• Action at the national level moves from vulnerability
analysis to adaptation
• Governme...
Scalable climate smart technologies….
A MAC curve for CSA adaptation
Liderado por

Components of a
CSA prioritisation
tool
• Indicators: what are we trying to achieve with a
climate smart pra...
CSA
Drivers

Food
Security &
Productivity

Mitigation

Adaptation
Performanc
e Areas

Social

Economic

Environment
al
Some “simple” indicators to start with..
Social
Food
security

Productivity
Employment

Adaptation
Mitigation

Institution...
CSA Compendium:
What is the evidence behind CSA?
Sept 2012 –
Ongoing

•

•

•

•

Forward
looking, stateof-the-art
Litmus ...
Crowdsourcing evidence for CSA and
climate resilient practice
Bioversity

, CCAFS, & ICR

Extendabl
e

Searchable
relation...
Quantitative assessment of Farm-level CSA
evidence
(Meta-analysis)
Potential
articles located
(#)

Articles matching
selec...
Virtual library of peer-reviewed CSA articles

ICRAF, CIAT

FRE
E!
`
1,276

>1200
paper
s

Searchabl
e
CSA Compendium
Informs CSA prioritization tool
• Overcome barrier of lack of information about
possible CSA options in a g...
CSA Prioritization Tool
• Users: National policy makers, Ministries, Donors

• Objective: Meet demand to move from shoppin...
CSA Prioritization Tool - Process
Assess tradeoffs
• for each practice between
indicators of CSA pillars and
social, econo...
The Climate Smart Agriculture Decision Support Platform was constructed to provide
access to a broad database of CSA pract...
CSA CSA Compendium Search Results
Compendium Search Results
EEF

HVP

PRO
EEF
FBP
HVP
ERS
RES
LUC
MIT
EMP

Indicators
Prod...
CSA CSA Compendium Search Results
Compendium Search Results
EEF
EEF

HVP
HVP

PRO
EEF
FBP
HVP
ERS
RES
LUC
MIT
EMP

Indicat...
CSA Compendium Search Results
EEF
EEF

HVP
HVP

PRO
EEF
FBP
HVP
ERS
RES
LUC
MIT
EMP

Indicators
Productivity (PRO)
Eco-Eff...
CSA Compendium Search Results
Dimensions of
CSA Pillars

CSA Pillars
Ranked List of Practices
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9

Practice
Silvopastoral Systems
Efficient Use of Fertilizer
Improved Forages
Biog...
The Enabling Environment – AgClim
Readiness
• Enabling governance and business contexts. Governments need

•

•

•

•

to ...
Conclusions
• Simple approaches that can be applied at national levels
•
•
•
•

to make complex decisions
A challenge to s...
Prioritising Climate Smart Agriculture
Prioritising Climate Smart Agriculture
Prioritising Climate Smart Agriculture
Prioritising Climate Smart Agriculture
Prioritising Climate Smart Agriculture
Prioritising Climate Smart Agriculture
Prioritising Climate Smart Agriculture
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Prioritising Climate Smart Agriculture

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Presentation by Andy Jarvis, Theme Leader, CCAFS at the at the CCAFS Workshop on Institutions and Policies to Scale out Climate Smart Agriculture held between 2-5 December 2013, in Colombo, Sri Lanka.

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Prioritising Climate Smart Agriculture

  1. 1. © CIMMYT © Reuters © CIAT PRIORITIZING CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURE Development of decision support tools
  2. 2. Liderado por Significant Demand • Action at the national level moves from vulnerability analysis to adaptation • Governments looking for means to prioritise adaptation options: from shopping lists to portfolios of actions • Climate finance and multi-lateral donors looking for tools to direct their investment (IFAD, WorldBank, USAID) 1 January 2013
  3. 3. Scalable climate smart technologies….
  4. 4. A MAC curve for CSA adaptation
  5. 5. Liderado por Components of a CSA prioritisation tool • Indicators: what are we trying to achieve with a climate smart practice, technology, or program? • Adaptation, mitigation, food security • CSA Compendium: What options are available? • Prioritisation: Which options (or portfolio of options) are worth investing in? • • • • Partnership: WorldBank, IFAD, FAO, CARE, USAID Theme 1, Theme 4, LAM, SA, ICRAF, CIAT University of the Andes, Clemsen University Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (Colombia) 1 January 2013
  6. 6. CSA Drivers Food Security & Productivity Mitigation Adaptation Performanc e Areas Social Economic Environment al
  7. 7. Some “simple” indicators to start with.. Social Food security Productivity Employment Adaptation Mitigation Institutional Enhancement Environmental Economic Eco-efficiency Benefit-generation Potential Product Historical Variability Erosion Land Use Changes Mitigation Benefits Generation Potential
  8. 8. CSA Compendium: What is the evidence behind CSA? Sept 2012 – Ongoing • • • • Forward looking, stateof-the-art Litmus test of CGIAR engagement Mostly inprogress research Subject to (self) selection and sampling bias • Includes nonCGIAR research • Scientifically verified through peer-review • Quantitative assessment of evidence • Virtual library currently over 1200 peerreviewed articles in Mendeley • Subject to publication bias CGIAR expert survey Capture recent or ongoing research Evaluate previously completed research Meta-analysis of peer-reviewed lit. Robust evidence base defining the potential ‘what and where’ for CSA
  9. 9. Crowdsourcing evidence for CSA and climate resilient practice Bioversity , CCAFS, & ICR Extendabl e Searchable relational database of evidence supplied by users www.agrobiodiversity.org/refar
  10. 10. Quantitative assessment of Farm-level CSA evidence (Meta-analysis) Potential articles located (#) Articles matching selection criteria (#) Obs. in current database (#) Integrated nutrient management 162 57 1332 Agroforestry 129 44 414 Manure management 159 18 408 Pasture management 166 25 667 1276 - Practice 1Includes Total1 >3000 a range of practices ICRAF, CIAT
  11. 11. Virtual library of peer-reviewed CSA articles ICRAF, CIAT FRE E! ` 1,276 >1200 paper s Searchabl e
  12. 12. CSA Compendium Informs CSA prioritization tool • Overcome barrier of lack of information about possible CSA options in a given context Informs future research agendas • Identify gaps in the literature based on CSA pillar, CSA practice, geographic region, etc. Knowledge Hub for CSA researchers and practitioners • Crowdsourcing to develop database, with reliability of data marked
  13. 13. CSA Prioritization Tool • Users: National policy makers, Ministries, Donors • Objective: Meet demand to move from shopping lists of • • • • • CSA options to best-bet portfolios Stakeholder driven: inclusive participatory process Simple: timeline 3-6 months Flexible: process can be modified based on level of detail desired and constraints in data, capacity, time, and resources, and still provide decision support Capture Tradeoffs between CSA pillars and social, environmental, economic dimensions of pillars Barriers and Constraints to adoption addressed related to portfolio options to improve implementation
  14. 14. CSA Prioritization Tool - Process Assess tradeoffs • for each practice between indicators of CSA pillars and social, economic, and environmental domains • between practices within a portfolio Pilots will be conducted starting mid-2014 in Mali, Viet Nam, and Colombia
  15. 15. The Climate Smart Agriculture Decision Support Platform was constructed to provide access to a broad database of CSA practices that have been tested around the world. This information is aimed at aiding endeavors such as identifying what CSA options exist for different contexts and gaps in research. We welcome you to search our database and contribute your own information to the compendium. Our prioritization tool we developed to identify best options for specific contexts. Latin America Journal Articles Colombia - All - - All - - All - - All -
  16. 16. CSA CSA Compendium Search Results Compendium Search Results EEF HVP PRO EEF FBP HVP ERS RES LUC MIT EMP Indicators Productivity (PRO) Eco-Efficiency (EEF) Financial Benefit Potential (FBP) Historic Variability in Production (HVP) Erosion (ERS) Resilience Building (RES) Land Use Change (LUC) Mitigation (MIT) Employment (EMP)
  17. 17. CSA CSA Compendium Search Results Compendium Search Results EEF EEF HVP HVP PRO EEF FBP HVP ERS RES LUC MIT EMP Indicators Productivity (PRO) Eco-Efficiency (EEF) Financial Benefit Potential (FBP) Historic Variability in Production (HVP) Erosion (ERS) Resilience Building (RES) Land Use Change (LUC) Mitigation (MIT) Employment (EMP)
  18. 18. CSA Compendium Search Results EEF EEF HVP HVP PRO EEF FBP HVP ERS RES LUC MIT EMP Indicators Productivity (PRO) Eco-Efficiency (EEF) Financial Benefit Potential (FBP) Historic Variability in Production (HVP) Erosion (ERS) Resilience Building (RES) Land Use Change (LUC) Mitigation (MIT) Employment (EMP)
  19. 19. CSA Compendium Search Results
  20. 20. Dimensions of CSA Pillars CSA Pillars
  21. 21. Ranked List of Practices 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 Practice Silvopastoral Systems Efficient Use of Fertilizer Improved Forages Biogas Grass-Legume Association Water harvest structure Silage, haylage and nutritional blocks Early warning systems CBA 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1 1 Quality 2.11 2.87 2.85 2.36 2.11 2.08 2.01 1.89
  22. 22. The Enabling Environment – AgClim Readiness • Enabling governance and business contexts. Governments need • • • • to establish an environment where farmers and the farming and food services sector can operate productively. Functioning agriculture and food sectors. One pre-condition for scaling up climate-smart agriculture is a functioning agriculture and food sector. Supportive national climate change policies and institutions. Governments need to recognise the general climate change challenge and put in place mechanisms to support climate change action and to inform the citizenry about climate change impacts and options to address the challenge. Enabling policies and institutions for building climate resilience in agriculture and in rural livelihoods. A range of policies and institutions need to be in place to support the scaling up of climate smart agriculture. Attention to the mitigation challenge in agriculture. Climate-smart agricultural initiatives should at least recognise the emission challenges in agriculture.
  23. 23. Conclusions • Simple approaches that can be applied at national levels • • • • to make complex decisions A challenge to strike the balance: practical, actionable information for very complex range of issues Participatory processes for prioritization enable buy-in for implementation, but also fills key information gaps Need for holistic view: indicators, CSA compendium, prioritization tools Solve two problems in one: • Prioritize CSA • Generate more data and evidence on CSA • We are looking for pilots to trial this out in 2014!

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