CCAFS Science Meeting A.4 Vladimir Smakhtin - Floods and Droughts
FLOODS AND DROUGHTS
SOME STATS• 2011 was a record year for extreme weather events around the globe• Floods, drought, and storms killed tens of thousands of people and caused over $150 billion in damages.• 32 disasters caused more than a billion dollars in damage, and four topped out over $10 billion each.• Droughts in Somalia led to a bona fide famine–the U.N. used the official term for the first time in 30 years–which claimed the lives of over 30,000 people, most of whom were children.• Unprecedented flooding rocked Brazil, Colombia, Pakistan, Australia, and Thailand.
U.S. INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES REPORT - MARCH• Classified National Intelligence Estimate on water security produced on request of Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. Unclassified summary released in March• Droughts, floods and a lack of fresh water may cause significant global instability and conflict in the coming decades, as developing countries scramble to meet demand from exploding populations while dealing with the effects of climate change
U.S. INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES REPORT - MARCH• Floods, scarce and poor quality water, combined with poverty, social tension, poor leadership and weak governments will contribute to instability that could lead the failure of numerous states.• Risk of water issues causing wars in the next 10 years is minimal, even though they create tensions and threaten to disrupt national and global food markets.• Beyond 2022, the use of water as a weapon of war or a tool of terrorism will become more likely, particularly in South Asia, the Middle East and North Africa.
U.S. INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES REPORT - MARCH• The Report looked into water security issues in: – Nile in Egypt, Sudan and nations farther south – Tigris and Euphrates in Iraq and the greater Middle East, – Mekong in China and Southeast Asia – Jordan that separates Israel from the Palestinian territories – Indus and the Brahmaputra in India and South Asia – Amu Darya in Central Asia