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A Wekesa SCC Vi programme carbon project july 2010

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A Wekesa SCC Vi programme carbon project july 2010

  1. 1. SCC-Vi Programme Western Kenya Smallholder Agriculture Carbon Finance project By Amos Wafula Wekesa, Environmental and Climate Change Advisor, VI-Agroforestry Programme Eastern Africa, P.O. Box 3160-40100, Kisumu, Tel. +254 735 955 247 E-Mail: amos.wekesa@viafp.org
  2. 2. Vi Agroforestry agriculture adaptation and mitigation scale Two carbon Projects 1. BioCF and 2. Plan Vivo Standard project One adaptation programme Working with 250,000hhs using SALM to improve agricultural productivity, increase soil and biomass carbon stocks and biodiversity conservation
  3. 3. The project promote SALM practices within smallholder farmer groups and create reductions of emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) through carbon sequestration by trees and soil for food security, economic and environmental services Total land area 116,000 ha in 6 administrative divisions 45,000 ha targeted 60,000 farmers Until 2029 1, 236, 375 tCO2e and 60 % buffer and only 494,550 tCO2e be sold 1,978,200 USD projected revenue by end of crediting period December 2029 Western Kenya Smallholder Agriculture Carbon Finance project Figure 1: General project location
  4. 4. Emissions and Removals in Agricultural Land Management Emissions • CO2 – Biomass removal – Land clearing – Tree cutting – Soils – Fossil fuel use • CH4 – Manure – Biomass burning – Fossil fuel use • N2O – Manure – Fertilizer use – N-fixing species – Biomass burning – Fossil fuel use Removals C. Sequestration – Trees – Improved soil management Activity based methodology Monitor activity •Agricultural practice •Production •Cover crops •Residuals •Manure ABMS •Fertilizer use •Biomass burning •Fossil fuel use •Model long-term soil organic carbon •Convert the long-term to transitional soil organic carbon •Measure biomass in woody perennials
  5. 5. Western Kenya Smallholder Agriculture Carbon Finance project management cycle and institutional framework Preparation Negotiation Periodic verification by DOE, Payments of VERs and distributions Start up of Project Methodology Validation Implementation PIN, CFD, technical, financial, environment social, endorsement, inclusion in portfolio letter of intend Project Design Document, Baselines and MP.. Calculations By DOE Methodology pre-validation report (BLS/MP), Methodology approval validation report Registration, activities, initial verification of MP and monitoring WB Lawyers draft ERPA, consultation/negotiate, and sign It takes 1-6 six years for project to start and be registered
  6. 6. Adaptation/mitigation synergies in smallholder agriculture The Viagroforestry project targets soil and biomass carbon as well as adaptation – mitigation – adaptation Mitigation can fund adaptation and vise-versa Sustainable Agriculture Land Management
  7. 7. Methodology is called; Adoption of sustainable agricultural land management (SALM) 1. Methodology is aimed to estimate and monitor greenhouse gas emissions of project activities that reduce emissions in agriculture by applying sustainable land management practices (SALM) e.g. • Crop residue mgt • Conservation agriculture practices • Agroforestry practices Carbon pools 1. Above ground 2. Below ground 3. Soil organic carbon Methodology is based on modeling the agro ecosystem and nutrient cycling in the RothC model factoring in soil properties, agro ecological zones, IPCC Tier data
  8. 8. Components of the method • Biomass in woody perennials – CDM AR Tool for perennials in the baseline – CDM AR SSC methodology • Synthetic fertilizers – CDM AR Tool for fertilizers • N-fixing species – IPCC Tier 1 methodology • Biomass burning – IPCC Tier 2 methodology
  9. 9. Soil organic component • Modified IPCC Tier 2 • Group activities • Model long-term soil organic carbon for each Group using RothC1(or CENTURY2) – Clay content, weather – plant residues, manure, soil cover • Convert long-term to transitional soil organic carbon using 20 year moving average 1 http://www.rothamsted.bbsrc.ac.uk/aen/carbon/rothc.htm 2 http://www.nrel.colostate.edu/projects/century5/reference/html/Century/overview.htm
  10. 10. Summary by: Timm Tennigkeit
  11. 11. Roll out and carbon creditting potential 1,4 Tons of CO2/hectare 0,75Hectares per farmer Under discussion – to be confirmed
  12. 12. Project status by 2009 Hectares under SALM Table 4. Households sensitized and recruited to the BioCarbon finance scheme HH with SALM HH filled FSA (Kenya) HH Sensitized Groups Sensitized Groups Project Identified site Kitale 436 325 4918 4054 4054 3920.7 Kisumu 385 319 11641 4074 3500 3200 Total 821 644 16559 8128 7554 7120.7 Baseline and other procedures well done Method developed and approved ERPA drafted
  13. 13. Farm scenarios Irrigation Agroforestry Fodder bank Zero grazing Composting Improved fallow Water harvesting and terracing
  14. 14. Tree potential Tobias Benegula Phiason Katoto

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