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  1. 1. ICT Policy implementation overview - Telecenters Status in Malawi 27th July 2012 TELECENTRE MANAGEMENT WORKSHOP Hippo View Lodge – Liwonde, Machinga 27th July, 2012 Presented by: Christopher Banda ICT Development Manager Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority 1
  2. 2. AGENDALegal and Policy FrameworkRegulatory FrameworkICT sector PerformanceTelecenter Models in the CountryFunding structures and operationsChallengesFuture Plans 2
  3. 3. POLICY & LEGAL FRAMEWORK The Communications Sector Policy Statement (1998) and the Communications Act of 1998 are the prevailing legal instruments in the ICT Sector. Communications Sector Policy:  Was formulated by the Government in 1998 to oversee the whole Communications sector.  MICE is the overall Ministry that oversees the sector including providing the enabling environment for ICT development. The Communications Act (1998): was formulated by the government though MICE and Ministry of Justice after general stakeholder consultations. 3
  4. 4. REGULATORY FRAMEWORK The Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) was established under section 3 of the Communications Act (1998). Operations commenced in 2000 with mandate covering the four basic communication sectors namely;  Telecommunications;  Broadcasting;  Postal services; and  Management of radio frequencies (spectrum). 4
  5. 5. REGULATORY MANDATE & DUTIES In deriving its mandate from the Communications Act, MACRA undertakes the following duties in regulating the communications sector;  Ensure the provision of reliable & affordable communication services.  Protect the interests of consumers.  Promote efficiency and competition.  Encourage the introduction of new communications services.  Promote research and development. 5
  6. 6. REGULATORY MANDATE & DUTIES - cont’d.. Foster the development of communications services and technology in accordance with recognised international standards. Promoting universal access / service. Regulating fair access to scarce and vital resources (e.g. radio spectrum). Serving as a policy advisory body to the Ministry responsible for communications. 6
  7. 7. ICT SECTOR PERFOMANCE ICT INDICATORSPARAMETER STATISTICAL INDICATORTeledensity 30.1%Fixed Teledensity 1.2%Mobile Teledensity 28.8 %Internet Teledensity 3.3 %Population covered by mobile signal 84 % 7
  8. 8. ICT SECTOR PERFOMANCE & SUBSCRIBER GROWTH4200000400000038000003600000340000032000003000000280000026000002400000 Total fixed2200000 Total mobile2000000 Total (fixed & mobile)18000001600000 Internet subscribers140000012000001000000800000600000 400000 200000 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 8
  9. 9. ICT SECTOR PERFOMANCE & CONTRIBUTION TO GDP ICT Contribution To GDP 5 4.5 4 3.5 3Percentage 2.5 ICT Contribution 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 9
  10. 10. TELECENTRES One of MACRA mandate is “to promote universal access to ICT services”. MACRA started implementing the telecenters to narrow the “knowledge and digital divide” between the urban and the rural areas.  Telecenters are simply public places where ICT’s can be accessed with the goal of individual and community improvement and development.  These places can be described generically as Multi-Purpose Community Telecenters (MCT’s), PIAP’s, Public ICT Access Points e.t.c. 10
  11. 11. TELECENTRE MODELS Local management committee – LMC’s. Entrepreneurship model – managed by local businesspeople. Postal telecentres – managed by MPC. Operator managed Telecentres. School / college based Telecentres. 11
  12. 12. FUNDING MECHANISMS GoM/MACRA • funding mechanism through postalinitiative projects and other telecentres. The ITU Special • joint funding of the GoM / MACRAInitiative Project and the ITUUniversal Access • the joint funding of the GoM and the Project World Bank Last mile • the RCIPMW - GoM / World Bank Connectivity funding 12
  13. 13. TELECENTRE ESTABLISHMENTS FUNDING MODEL No. GoM/MACRA funded 4 World Bank/GoM UA Project 10 ITU/GoM MCTs Under Entrepreneurs’ Mgt 7ITU/GoM/MACRA MCTs (Under MPC Staff Mgt) 5 GoM/MACRA MCTs (Under MPC Staff Mgt) 10 RCIPMW Last Mile Connectivity 15 13
  15. 15. CHALLENGES High cost of internet bandwidth in the rural areas. In availability of ICT infrastructure in most rural parts of the country. Lack of Local content (Language and content). ICT consumaubles and ICT technical skills not within reach. Illiteracy. Power Issues 15
  16. 16. OPPORTUNITIES Government political will;  Tax Removal on Internet bandwidth.  ICT Policy recognizes the use of ICTs to bring about economic growth.  The communication Act is being reviewed.  Skilled labour market: Inclusion of the academia.  Network of stakeholders: Constant consultation on national issues. Liberalisation: the ICT sector is liberalised. Economic growth: Stability of economic indicators. Landing of submarine cables/Fiber optic Cables 16
  17. 17. FUTURE PLANS Expand existing telecentre models to other areas in Malawi. Introduce the Connect a Constituency Project  All the constituencies will have at least a telecenter.  The target are those which have no telecenter through any other initiatives and are in rural areas.  The project has already started with initial activities. 17
  18. 18. Thank you!!!!! 18