W.w.ii homefront

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W.w.ii homefront

  1. 1. W.W.II: The Home Front
  2. 2. How were American war experiences different from European?
  3. 3. <ul><li>no fighting or destruction at home </li></ul><ul><li>no civilian casualties </li></ul><ul><li>no change in government </li></ul><ul><li>no borders redrawn </li></ul>
  4. 4. What role did the “home front” play in winning the war?
  5. 5. “ Once the fire is lighted under it (the U.S.), there is no limit to the power it can generate.” Winston Churchill
  6. 6. <ul><li>Produced war materials for the U.S. and its allies </li></ul><ul><li>By 1942, U.S. production equaled German, Italian and Japanese combined </li></ul><ul><li>By 1944, U.S. production is twice Axis production </li></ul>
  7. 7. What role did US women play in W.W.II?
  8. 8. Workforce <ul><li>6 million women entered the workforce during war </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 of all women working </li></ul><ul><li>For the first time more married women than single worked </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>involved in non-combat roles </li></ul><ul><li>350,000 joined Nurse’s Corps, WACs, WAVEs, Marines, Air Force and Coast Guard </li></ul>Military
  10. 11. How did Military service for African American soldiers mirror American society?
  11. 12. <ul><li>Most of the one million black soldiers were segregated in units and on bases </li></ul><ul><li>Even black pilots were segregated </li></ul>
  12. 13. What social gains were made for African Americans during W.W.II and why?
  13. 14. <ul><li>Service in military provided more reason to demand rights </li></ul><ul><li>FDR banned discrimination in hiring for defense industry </li></ul>
  14. 15. What unique contributions did Native Americans offer to the war effort? <ul><li>About 25,000 volunteer </li></ul><ul><li>Navajo language used as code </li></ul>
  15. 16. What event prompted the case Korematsu vs. United States?
  16. 17. <ul><li>Over 100,000 Japanese-Americans, mostly native born, sent to relocation camps </li></ul><ul><li>Caused mostly by fear of invasion/espionage </li></ul><ul><li>1944 the court said it was constitutional </li></ul>

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