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  1. 1. W.W.II
  2. 2. What effect did W.W.I have on U.S. involvement in European affairs?
  3. 3. <ul><li>European war loan defaults </li></ul><ul><li>Unrestricted submarine warfare </li></ul>= Reluctance to get involved in European affairs
  4. 4. What did the U.S. do in the 1930’s to stay out of European affairs?
  5. 5. <ul><li>Passed Neutrality Acts in 1935, 36, and 37 </li></ul><ul><li>Banned transportation or sale of arms to warring nations </li></ul><ul><li>Banned loans to warring nations </li></ul><ul><li>Cash and carry deals: goods are paid for and taken away by the buyer </li></ul>
  6. 6. How did the U.S. go from neutrality to involvement in W.W.II?
  7. 7. <ul><li>Traded 50 destroyers to Britain for 99 year leases of British two naval bases </li></ul><ul><li>Lend-Lease policy (1940) allowed the sale of arms to any country the President saw as vital to U.S. defense </li></ul>
  8. 8. What events lead to conflict with Japan?
  9. 9. <ul><li>Sept. 1940, Japan joined Italy and Germany to form the Axis Powers </li></ul><ul><li>July, 1941 Japan assumed a protectorate over all French Indochina </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Dec. 7, 1941 Japan attacked the American fleet at Pearl Harbor </li></ul><ul><li>Dec. 8, U.S. declares war on Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Dec.11, Germany and Italy declare war on the U.S. </li></ul>
  11. 11. What were the overall strategies for winning the war?
  12. 12. <ul><li>The Atlantic Theater </li></ul><ul><li>North Africa 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Italy 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>June 1944, D-Day (Normandy) </li></ul><ul><li>May 7, 1945 Germany agrees to unconditional surrender </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Pacific theater: </li></ul><ul><li>Island hopping </li></ul><ul><li>Coral Sea: May 1942: keeps Japanese out of Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Midway: US Navy gained advantage in the Pacific </li></ul>
  14. 15. What were the major events of WWII wartime diplomacy?
  15. 16. <ul><li>Cairo (‘43): FDR, Churchill and Chiang Kai-Shek agree to fight Japan after Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Teheran (‘43): FDR, Stalin, Churchill plan invasion of Europe </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Postwar Plan, Yalta (1945) </li></ul><ul><li>Occupy Germany and Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Berlin and Vienna divided within Russian area </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet puppet government in Poland </li></ul><ul><li>All promise to promote democratic elections </li></ul>
  17. 18. How did the war in the Pacific end?
  18. 21. <ul><li>Japan refused Truman’s warning to surrender or face “utter destruction” </li></ul><ul><li>Aug. 6 1945 atomic bomb on Hiroshima, August 9 Nagasaki </li></ul><ul><li>Japan surrendered Sept. 2, 1945 </li></ul>