European exploration

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European exploration

  1. 1. European Exploration
  2. 2. What were the motives for European sea exploration?
  3. 3. What were the motives for European sea exploration? <ul><li>Europeans had grown accustomed to luxury items from China, India and Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Precious metals & spices </li></ul><ul><li>Began looking for a direct route by sea, instead of by land </li></ul>
  4. 4. What advances in technology also lead to sea exploration?? <ul><li>Compass and Muslim knowledge of the stars allowed accurate plotting of courses </li></ul><ul><li>Caravels: smaller more maneuverable cargo ships developed by the Portuguese </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporated lateen sails, rear rudders & cannons </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why was Portugal in a good spot to begin European sea exploration?
  6. 6. Why was Portugal in a good spot to begin European sea exploration? <ul><li>Geographic location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Western edge of the Iberian Peninsula </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good access to the Atlantic Ocean & Mediterranean Sea </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Why was Prince Henry of Portugal called Henry the Navigator?
  8. 8. Why was Prince Henry of Portugal called Henry the Navigator? <ul><li>Third son of Portugal’s King Henry </li></ul><ul><li>1415, started a sailing and navigation school in Sagres </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded & strengthened the Portuguese navy </li></ul>
  9. 9. Who were Bartholomeu Dias & Vasco da Gama?
  10. 10. Who were Bartholomeu Dias & Vasco da Gama? <ul><li>Portuguese captains </li></ul><ul><li>Dias sailed around the Cape of Good Hope </li></ul><ul><li>Da Gama sailed around the southern tip of Africa to India </li></ul><ul><li>Provided a sea route to the east </li></ul>
  11. 11. What did Columbus promise Ferdinand & Isabella?
  12. 12. What did Columbus promise Ferdinand & Isabella? <ul><li>Riches (Gold & Spices) </li></ul><ul><li>New Territory </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic Converts </li></ul>
  13. 13. How did Columbus’s journey go? <ul><li>August 1492, set sail from Palos Spain on the Nina, Pinta & Santa Maria </li></ul><ul><li>Reached the Bahamas October 12, 1492 </li></ul><ul><li>Believed he had reached the Indies, islands near Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Named the natives Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Columbus named the Island for Spain </li></ul>

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