OREGON’S LAND USE SYSTEM & FARMLAND PROTECTION<br />Food Policy from Neighborhood to Nation National Conference<br />Portl...
Diversity of Production<br /><ul><li>Over 220 commodities produced in Oregon.
Helps create greater stability throughout the industry over time.
Most of Oregon’s ag products are not federal commodity crops.</li></li></ul><li>Value of Farm and Ranch Production: 1985 -...
Agriculture’s Economic Contribution to Oregon<br />10% of state’s economy<br />80% of ag production leaves the state<br />...
Elements of Statewide Land Use Planning Program<br />1.  Overarching State Policy: <br />Highest Livability<br />Coordinat...
Department of Land Conservation & Development
Local governments</li></li></ul><li>Elements of Statewide Land Use Planning Program, Cont’d<br />3.  Legal Standards for L...
Elements of Statewide Land Use Planning Program, Cont’d<br />4.  Comprehensive Plans:<br />Every city and county must have...
Elements of Statewide Land Use Planning Program, Cont’d<br />6.  Periodic Review:<br />Cities and counties must update pla...
Statewide Planning Goals<br />Fundamental Strategy embedded in Goals:<br />Contain urban development within UGBs<br />Prot...
Components of Oregon Farmland Protection Program<br />1.  Legislative Policy:<br />Preserve maximum supply of agricultural...
Components of Oregon Farmland Protection Program<br />2.  Definition of “Agricultural Land”:<br />Relies on NRCS Soil Capa...
Components of Oregon Farmland Protection Program, Cont’d<br />3.  Limits on Uses in Agricultural  Zones: <br />All farmlan...
Components of Oregon Farmland Protection Program, Cont’d<br />4.  Land divisions regulated by state law<br />Partitions OK...
Components of Oregon Farmland Protection Program, Cont’d<br />5.  Limits on Conversion to Urban Uses:<br />All cities must...
Components of Oregon Farmland Protection Program, Cont’d<br />6.  Tax Policies:<br />Farm Value Assessment (valued at $3.8...
The Farmland Protection Program is Successful<br />For each new resident, between 1992 and 1997, Georgia urbanized 1.62 ac...
Sustainability of the ag land base?<br />1 million acres of ag land is lost to development every year in the US. Oregon’s ...
1.1 million<br />acres<br />1.1 million<br />acres<br />466,000<br />acres<br />241,000<br />acres<br />Oregon’s farmland ...
Conversion of Agricultural Lands: “Planned”1982-1997<br />Oregon:  144,300 acres<br />60,900 acres within UGBs<br />35,000...
The Farmland Protection Program is Far From Perfect<br />Over 50 farm and nonfarm uses are still allowed in the “exclusive...
The Farmland Protection Program is Far From Perfect<br /><ul><li>Urban growth boundaries continue to expand, sometimes ont...
Rural Reserves in the Metro Region:  Long-term protection from UGB expansion? </li></li></ul><li>Toward Perfection<br />Tr...
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Oregon's Local, Regional & State Food & Agriculture Policy - PowerPoint Presentation

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Oregon's Local, Regional & State Food & Agriculture Policy - PowerPoint Presentation

  1. 1. OREGON’S LAND USE SYSTEM & FARMLAND PROTECTION<br />Food Policy from Neighborhood to Nation National Conference<br />Portland, Oregon<br />May 20, 2011<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Diversity of Production<br /><ul><li>Over 220 commodities produced in Oregon.
  4. 4. Helps create greater stability throughout the industry over time.
  5. 5. Most of Oregon’s ag products are not federal commodity crops.</li></li></ul><li>Value of Farm and Ranch Production: 1985 - 2010<br />$4.3 billion<br />Source: Oregon Agricultural Statistics Service.<br />
  6. 6. Agriculture’s Economic Contribution to Oregon<br />10% of state’s economy<br />80% of ag production leaves the state<br />40% of ag production leaves the country <br /> (U.S. = 25%).<br />60% of Port of Portland’s total tonnage of exports is agriculture<br />= Traded Sector<br />
  7. 7. Elements of Statewide Land Use Planning Program<br />1. Overarching State Policy: <br />Highest Livability<br />Coordination among levels of government<br />Preserve farm and forest land<br />Contain urban development<br />2. Institutional Structure: <br /><ul><li>Land Conservation & Development Commission
  8. 8. Department of Land Conservation & Development
  9. 9. Local governments</li></li></ul><li>Elements of Statewide Land Use Planning Program, Cont’d<br />3. Legal Standards for Local Planning:<br />Statewide Planning Goals (with force of law)<br />19 Goals include urban containment, farmland protection<br />http://www.oregon.gov/LCD/goals.shtml#Statewide_Planning_Goals<br />
  10. 10. Elements of Statewide Land Use Planning Program, Cont’d<br />4. Comprehensive Plans:<br />Every city and county must have one<br />Every comprehensive plan must comply with Goals<br />5. State Agency Coordination:<br /><ul><li> Agencies must comply with Goals</li></ul> and approved local plans<br />
  11. 11. Elements of Statewide Land Use Planning Program, Cont’d<br />6. Periodic Review:<br />Cities and counties must update plans periodically<br />7. Enforcement:<br />LCDC has special powers to enforce Goals<br />Citizens may file appeals<br />State administrative appeals process<br />8. State Grants and Assistance to Cities & Counties<br />Nearly $4 million each year<br />
  12. 12. Statewide Planning Goals<br />Fundamental Strategy embedded in Goals:<br />Contain urban development within UGBs<br />Protect natural resources outside UGBs<br />Use urban land efficiently<br />
  13. 13. Components of Oregon Farmland Protection Program<br />1. Legislative Policy:<br />Preserve maximum supply of agricultural land in large blocks<br />Expansion of urban development onto agricultural land increase conflicts and public service costs<br />Provide higher level of <br /> protection to more<br /> productive land<br />
  14. 14. Components of Oregon Farmland Protection Program<br />2. Definition of “Agricultural Land”:<br />Relies on NRCS Soil Capability <br /> Classification System<br />Current land use<br />Capability and suitability<br />Clear and objective<br />
  15. 15. Components of Oregon Farmland Protection Program, Cont’d<br />3. Limits on Uses in Agricultural Zones: <br />All farmland is protected by “exclusive farm use zone” (15.5 million acres)<br />Farm Dwellings: must show farm income level <br />Nonfarm Dwellings: only on poor land; no conflicts<br />Other Nonfarm Uses: poor land; no conflicts; many prohibited on more productive land<br />
  16. 16. Components of Oregon Farmland Protection Program, Cont’d<br />4. Land divisions regulated by state law<br />Partitions OK, subdivisions are not<br />MPS set at 80 acres for cropland, 160 for rangeland<br />Counties may propose smaller on the basis of commercial agriculture for the subject area.<br />
  17. 17. Components of Oregon Farmland Protection Program, Cont’d<br />5. Limits on Conversion to Urban Uses:<br />All cities must have urban growth boundary<br />No urban uses outside UGB<br />No urban services outside UGB<br />20-year supply<br />Urban and rural reserves<br />
  18. 18.
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Components of Oregon Farmland Protection Program, Cont’d<br />6. Tax Policies:<br />Farm Value Assessment (valued at $3.8 Billion to farmers between 1974 and 2004)<br />7. Protection for Agricultural Practices:<br /><ul><li>“Right to Farm” Law provides immunity for</li></ul> accepted farming practices from private nuisance<br /> actions<br /><ul><li> No local ordinances may limit practices in exclusive</li></ul> farm zones<br />
  21. 21. The Farmland Protection Program is Successful<br />For each new resident, between 1992 and 1997, Georgia urbanized 1.62 acres, Florida urbanized 1.25 acres, Oregon urbanized 0.56 acres. Arthur Nelson, Georgia Institute of Technology.<br />Lettman Studies: Program has slowed losses of land, particularly in the areas designated for protection.<br />Kline Studies: Had the farmland protection program not been adopted in 1975, Oregon would have lost 299,023 acres of farmland by 1994. <br />
  22. 22. Sustainability of the ag land base?<br />1 million acres of ag land is lost to development every year in the US. Oregon’s land use system helps slow the loss of farmland.<br />
  23. 23. 1.1 million<br />acres<br />1.1 million<br />acres<br />466,000<br />acres<br />241,000<br />acres<br />Oregon’s farmland has been protected…with small losses concentrated within areas designated for growth<br />Existing farmland <br />converted to residential <br />uses from 1982-97<br />144,300<br />acres<br />1.0%<br />1.6%<br />3.7%<br />1.7%<br />8.6%<br />Oregon<br />Washington<br />California<br />Illinois<br />Florida<br />Source: National Resources Inventory<br /> USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service<br />
  24. 24. Conversion of Agricultural Lands: “Planned”1982-1997<br />Oregon: 144,300 acres<br />60,900 acres within UGBs<br />35,000 acres within rural development zones.<br />48,400 acres in resource land zones<br />67% of total conversions involve areas planned for development. <br />Source: National Resources Inventory, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service<br />
  25. 25. The Farmland Protection Program is Far From Perfect<br />Over 50 farm and nonfarm uses are still allowed in the “exclusive” farm zone. “Supersiting” of certain land uses<br />Siting standards for nonfarn uses<br />Efforts to address fairness over the distribution of the benefits and burdens of the program have not ended the debate.<br />
  26. 26.
  27. 27. The Farmland Protection Program is Far From Perfect<br /><ul><li>Urban growth boundaries continue to expand, sometimes onto cropland.
  28. 28. Rural Reserves in the Metro Region: Long-term protection from UGB expansion? </li></li></ul><li>Toward Perfection<br />Transferable development rights: New to Oregon<br />Rural Reserves in the Metro Region: Long-term protection from UGB expansion<br />Growing public concern over food security and demand for local products: New reasons to protect farmland close to urban areas.<br />
  29. 29. Further Information<br />Department of Land Conservation & Development: www.lcd.state.or.us<br />Metro: www.oregonmetro.gov<br />Eber-Sullivan Article in San Joaquin Agricultural Law Review<br />
  30. 30. Jim Johnson<br />Land Use and Water Planning Coordinator<br />Oregon Department of Agriculture<br />jjohnson@oda.state.or.us<br />

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