Human trafficking represents a conscious crime against humanity.When someone is forced to work for little or no pay, under the threat of violence, and cannot leave.
The prevalence of HIV among key populations at higher risk of infection – notably sex workers, people who inject drugs and men who have sexwith men
Victim centered responseAnti-trafficking measures should not adversely affect the rights of persons living with HIV/AIDSHIV/AIDS response sho
Intersection of Human Trafficking and HIV/AIDS
INTERSECTION OF HUMANTRAFFICKING AND HIV/AIDSDomestic and International By Carol Fenton
Human Trafficking“Therecruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of thethreat or use of force or other forms ofcoercion, of abduction, of fraud, ofdeception, of the abuse of power or of aposition of vulnerability or of the giving orreceiving of payments or benefits to achievethe consent of a person having control overanother person, for the purpose ofexploitation". United Nations definition
Who is most at risk? HIV/AIDS TRAFFICKING• Persons who move • Members ofand work in high risk communities ofand/or exploitive families affected byconditions are at HIV/AIDS arerisk of HIV/AIDS. under increased pressure to earn a living.
Global Push Factors HIV/AIDS Limited Access to Untreated STI’s Social Services Poor Work Inadequate Limited Work Conditions Information Trafficking Labor Migration Economic Crisis Breakdown of Social Social Inequities Poverty Structure
Key Strategies• A comprehensive rights-based approach that addresses the often overlapping push factors associated with forced labor, migration, sex work, HIV/AIDS and trafficking. Examples:• Comprehensive sexual health education• Employment and vocational training• Gender equity• Migration management• Strengthen policies and regulations for protecting the rights of workers
Carol Fenton• cfpdx.blogspot.com• Facebook.com/cfpdx• Twitter: @cfpdxReferences:• The ILO Code of Practice on HIV/AIDS and the world of work (http://www.ilo.org/global/publications/KD00015/lang--en/index.htm)• Intersecting Risks: Child Labour and HIV/AIDS (http://www.childtrafficking.com/Docs/ilo_2002_child_labour_aids_intersecting_r isks_7.pdf)• HIV, Gender, Race, Sexual Orientation, and Sex Work: A Qualitative Study of Intersect (http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed. 1001124)