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THE LIFE, WORKS AND WRITINGS OF RIZAL by Jonacel Gloria

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Introduction of Rizal

Published in: Education, Travel, Technology

THE LIFE, WORKS AND WRITINGS OF RIZAL by Jonacel Gloria

  1. 1. THE LIFE,WORKS, &WRITINGSOF JOSE RIZAL
  2. 2. JOSE PROTACIO RIZALMERCADO Y ALONZOREALONDAThe Founder of PhilippineNationalismThe Greatest Hero of theMalayan RaceHe was apolymath, nationalist, & the mostprominent advocate for reforms
  3. 3. An act to include in the curriculaof all public and private schools,colleges, and universities courseson the life, works, and writings ofJose Rizal, particularly his novels,Noli Me Tangere and ElFilibusterismo, authorizing theprinting and distribution thereof,and for purposes.
  4. 4. Jose P. Laurel – the sponsorthe said law.
  5. 5. Claro MayoRecto – theauthor or mainproponent ofthe law.
  6. 6. It was enacted andsigned on June 12,1956 which coincidesthe PhilippineIndependence Day.
  7. 7. Three Main Goals ofRizal’s Law1) To rededicate the lives ofyouth to the ideals offreedom and nationalism,for which our heroes livedand died.
  8. 8. 2) To pay tribute to ournational hero for devotinghis life and works inshaping the Filipinocharacter.3) To gain an inspiring sourceof patriotism through thestudy of Rizal’s life, works,and writings.
  9. 9. CONTENTS of theRIZAL’S LAWSection 1 : This sectionmandates the students to readthe two greatest novels ofRizal. These two shall beincluded in the curricula of allschools, colleges anduniversities, public or private.
  10. 10. Section 2: This sectionmandates the schools to have“an adequate number” ofcopies in their libraries.Section 3: This section ordersthe Board of NationalEducation to publish the worksin English, Tagalog, and othermajor Philippine languages.
  11. 11. Section 4: It prohibits thediscussion of religiousdoctrines by persons engagedin any public school.Section 5: a sum of 300thousand pesos isappropriated to carry out thepurposes of the law.Section 6: It shall take effectupon its approval.
  12. 12. February 19,1861 - theliberal CzarAlexander IIissuedEmancipationManifesto1861.
  13. 13. June 19, 1861 –the American Civil War wasraging furiously in the UnitedStates due to Negro slavery.
  14. 14. September22, 1862 –Benito Juarezwas electedPresident ofMexico.
  15. 15. June 12,1864 –ArchdukeMaximillianof Austriawas installedby NapoleonIII as puppetemperor ofMexico.
  16. 16. May 15, 1867 – Juarezdefeated the Maximillianforces with U.S. Support &executed Maximillian onJune 19.
  17. 17. Italians and Germanssucceeded in unifying theirnations.
  18. 18. England – was known asthe World’s LeadingImperialist Power.
  19. 19. Queen Victoriaproudly asserted“Britannia rules the waves”
  20. 20. “Opium” Wars
  21. 21. British Colonies:Ceylon (Sri Lanka)MaldivesAdenMalaysiaSingaporeEgyptAustraliaNew Zealand
  22. 22. July 8, 1853 –CommodoreMatthew C.Perry re-openedJapan to theworld endingJapan’s 214-year isolation
  23. 23. Emperor Meiji(Mutsuhito)modernizedJapan by freelyacceptingWesterninfluences,includingimperialism.
  24. 24. Spain as the “Mistress ofthe World”
  25. 25. Filipinos wereunfortunate victimsof the evils of theunjust, bigoted anddeterioratingcolonial power.
  26. 26. Instability of colonialadministration
  27. 27. Corrupt Officialdom
  28. 28. No Philippinerepresentation in theSpanish Cortes
  29. 29. Human Rights Denied toFilipinos
  30. 30. No Equality Before the Law
  31. 31. Maladministration ofJustice
  32. 32. Racial Discrimination
  33. 33. Frailocracy
  34. 34. Forced Labor or“Polo Y Servicios”
  35. 35. Haciendas Ownedby the Friars
  36. 36. TheGuardiaCivil
  37. 37. “ConsummatumEst!”

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