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Open Educational Resources and JISC OER Pilot Programme

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Open Educational Resources and JISC OER Pilot Programme

  1. 1. Open Educational Resources – Developing an UK Content Infrastructure for Innovation in HE Li Yuan JISC CETIS, Institute Educational Cybernetics, University of Bolton 英国高校教育技术创新和开放教育资源的发展
  2. 2. JISC (Joint Information System Committee) 联合信息委员会 to provide world-class leadership in the innovative use of ICT to support education and research 为创新地使用教育技术去支持教学和研究提供世界级的领导 为高校在创新的使用教育技术支持去教学和研究的提供世界级的领导
  3. 3. JISC Services JISC 职能中心 Etc. that provide advice and resources to individuals and institutions on how to develop strategy, change policy, innovate and improve practices, benefit from new technologies 为 JISC ,院校和个人提供制定教育发展战略,调整政策,创新的实践,充分发挥新技术的潜力提供咨询和资源服务。
  4. 4. UK Higher Education Sector 英国高等教育和教育技术创新 <ul><li>109 universities and 169 Higher Education Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>992,000 full time students (1 in 7 from overseas) </li></ul><ul><li>英国有 109 所大学和 169 所专业院校 </li></ul><ul><li>99 万 2 千学生( 7 个学生中就有一个海外学生) </li></ul>
  5. 5. UK Higher Education Sector 英国高等教育和教育技术创新 <ul><li>Joined up administrative systems (incl. VLE) </li></ul><ul><li>Changing architectures </li></ul><ul><li>Greater openness of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated information strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Green computing </li></ul>More flexibility Ed. Technology <ul><li>联合统一的教务管理系统 </li></ul><ul><li>改变体系架构 </li></ul><ul><li>扩大资源的开放性 </li></ul><ul><li>整体的教育信息化战略 </li></ul><ul><li>绿色计算 </li></ul>
  6. 6. “ Open ” means… “ Open ” Educational Resources Legal domain Technical domain Social domain Open Access: Content is provided free of charge Open Standards: Produced in open format and with open source software Open Licensed: licensed for re-use, free from restrictions to modify, re-mix and repurpose
  7. 7. A Definition of Open Educational Resources “… digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning and research . ” “ 为教师,学生和自学者提供免费的,开放的电子化材料, 并可以在教学和科研中使用和重复使用。” Giving Knowledge for Free: The Emergence of Open Educational Resources Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2007
  8. 8. Components OER Content Tools Implementation Development & Delivery Searching & Organising Sharing & Collaborating IPR & Copyright Co-produce or Producer- Consumer Institution & Community & individual Full courses & modules Collections & Journals Textbooks & course materials
  9. 9. Rationale <ul><li>Encourage the sharing of content </li></ul><ul><li>enhance both productivity and relevance </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing tool where students can view content </li></ul><ul><li>Recognise and reward good teaching </li></ul><ul><li>鼓励院校之间,教师和科研人员之间分享资源和发展实践共同体 </li></ul><ul><li>教师和学生通过的使用和在他人资源的基础上进行改动,从而提高资源创作数量和相关性 </li></ul><ul><li>开拓市场工具,学生在在申请一个大学之前,可以通过开放教育资源浏览它所提供的课程 </li></ul><ul><li>也是对好的教学的认可和奖励 </li></ul>
  10. 10. MIT OpenCourseWare
  11. 11. Utah State University OCW
  12. 12. Rice University’s Connexions
  13. 13. Openlearn
  14. 14. The UK Vision <ul><li>“ The UK must have a core of open access learning resources organised in a coherent way to support on-line and blended learning by all higher education institutions and to make it more widely available in non-HE environments”. </li></ul><ul><li>英国必须建立一个核心的开放学习资源,并有系统地组织起来去支持高校的网络教学和混合学习并使这些资源能在高教以外的环境里广泛得到和使用。 </li></ul><ul><li>On-line Innovation in Higher Education </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Ron Cooke (2008) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Year-long OER pilot programme <ul><li>Institutional 院校 </li></ul><ul><li>Subject 专业学科 </li></ul><ul><li>Individual 个人 </li></ul>HEFCE funded one year programme – run by JISC with the Higher Education Academy, initial £5.7 million of funding for the pilot on three separate project strands : HEFCE 拨款 57 万作为首期开放教育资源的项目资金, 为在英国高校全面推行开放教育资源积累经验
  16. 16. Subject Up to 250K Institution Up to 250K Individual Up to 20K 14 projects 9 projects 7 projects Support function – covering technical, legal, strategic advice, workshops, support for deposit and aggregation of materials, communities of practice. Based around existing JISC services and the OU “SCORE” project. OER infokit – a “how to” guide for future work Evaluation & synthesis – Glasgow Caledonian Programme Management £450k £450k UK OER Pilot Programme - Overview
  17. 17. UK OER pilot programme – Resources release and discovery <ul><li>Deposit materials into JORUM open ( http://www.jorum.ac.uk/ ) </li></ul><ul><li>AND publish materials in other ways, eg: </li></ul><ul><li>􀂃 Open institutional repositories </li></ul><ul><li>􀂃 Web 2.0 services </li></ul><ul><li>􀂃 Institutional websites </li></ul><ul><li>All must have an exposed RSS feed </li></ul><ul><li>A single tag (#ukoer) makes it possible to draw together resources from various sources </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Be active in changing and clarifying institutional policies regarding the development, ownership and release of learning resources </li></ul><ul><li>Feed their experiences back into the programme, and inform the design of any next phase of OER programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Offer value for money to the UK HE sector </li></ul><ul><li>Have a very high profile (worldwide) </li></ul><ul><li>修订和明确与大学开发和发行学习资源和知识产权和版权等相关的政策 </li></ul><ul><li>将这些课题所得到的经验反馈到 OER 项目,以便更好设计下一步的大型的 OER 项目。 </li></ul><ul><li>使对高校的投入物有所值。 </li></ul><ul><li>让英国高校给全世界一个很好形象。 </li></ul>UK OER Pilot programme - Expectations
  19. 19. <ul><ul><li>On a national scale supported entirely by public funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple processes and configurations have been tried simultaneously </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutions, staff and subject areas have been involved in one programme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>全部使用公共基金, 在全国范围内尝试发布和推广开放教育资源 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>在同一时间多种方法和模式进行实践 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>真正将院校,教师和专业学科的各不相同的,范围广泛的课题包含在一个项目里 </li></ul></ul>UK OER Pilot programme – Implications (1)
  20. 20. <ul><li>Encourage experiment on standards, technology and metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Support institutional innovation in teaching and learning practice </li></ul><ul><li>Explore accreditation and support services and new business models </li></ul><ul><li>鼓励在标准,技术和元数据方面进行大胆的试验 </li></ul><ul><li>支持大学在教学实践方面的创新 </li></ul><ul><li>给大学提供了新的机会去探索在提供学历和学生支持方面的服务和新的商业运作模式 </li></ul>UK OER Pilot programme – Implications (2)
  21. 21. Issues and Challenges <ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>I PR and copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Quality issues </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability issues </li></ul><ul><li>Organisation and Culture changes </li></ul><ul><li>持续发展的问题 </li></ul><ul><li>知识产权和版权 </li></ul><ul><li>质量问题 </li></ul><ul><li>互用性的问题 </li></ul><ul><li>组织和文化的改变 </li></ul>
  22. 22. Resources <ul><li>Open Educational Resources Programme: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/oer.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>JISC CETIS Programme Support: http://jisc.cetis.ac.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>Cetis Briefing Paper (2008), Open Educational Resources – Opportunities and Challenges for Higher Education , http://wiki.cetis.ac.uk/images/0/0b/OER_Briefing_Paper.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Cooke, R. (2008) On-line Innovation in Higher Education http://tinyurl.com/5vt5lo </li></ul><ul><li>OECD (2007), Giving Knowledge for Free: the Emergence of Open Educational Resources, http://tinyurl.com/62hjx6 . </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Thanks for your attention!!! </li></ul><ul><li>For more information about OER working group and future events at CETIS, please visit Cetis website at http://jisc.cetis.ac.uk/ or email Li Yuan at l.yuan@bolton.ac.uk </li></ul>

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