• Definition - The 180° rule is a film making guideline that states that two characters (or other elements) in the same scene should always have the same left/right relationship to each other.
180 Degree rule orients the viewer. When a character is on the left hand side and one is on the right, the camera must stay on 180 line. The camera can be aimed at any direction. But must stay on 180 degree line. So the two characters are at eye level. Violating the 180 degree rule can confuse audience.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oNOT9iHDSXU&feature=player_embedded
Why do you need to use 180 degree rule?• The 180 degree rule certainly doesnt apply in all situations. If youre filming two people talking to each other, then yes, it is useful to apply it.• You do not have to use the rule in all cases like during sports.• It is much better use when 2 people are having a conversation.
What is a Two Shot? • Two Shot – A two shot is a shot used in which the frame encompasses a view of two subjects. • Two shot shows a lot of interaction between 2 people. • Two shots are commonly used to show emotional reactions between the two subjects or characters.
A Two Shot Video• This is a scene from" Training Day” where they use two shot.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L3myRRZkErs&feature=player_embedded
What is a Reverse Shot? • A reverse shot is used in conversation scenes to portray and show the relationships between others or usually 2 people. • It is the shot of one first person, seen from a view which additionally allows us to view the other persons back of the head. • Why you should use this when filming is so The reverse or opposite view of the other person is then seen as well as the first persons head. This is the done again so that we view the first shot again- hence the reverse-shot.
A Reverse Shot Videohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QLkUHZ1qips&feature=player_embedded
Over the shoulder shotOver-the-shoulder shotis a close-up of a character as seen over-the-shoulder of another person in theforeground.This shot is framed from behind a person who is looking at the subject. Theperson facing the subject should usually occupy about 1/3 of the frame.You need to use this in a filming conversation because this shot helps toestablish the position of each person, and get the feel of looking at oneperson from the others point of view.Its common to cut between these shots during a conversation
• What is Match on Action?• Match on action is when something happens in a scene when there is a cut the same piece action must be going on.• This is a example of continuity editing and this is a very important in helping the audience continually understand what is going on.
Match on Action Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JR3LXTIKfTM &feature=player_embedded• You need to use Match on Action in filming so when you cut during the action to another camera that is on a different angle but it would be showing the same action from the previous shot from the other camera.
1. Has two shot 2. Shows Match on Action 3. Very basic and clear shots 4. Has over the shoulder shot 5. A lot of quick takes. This is a very good example of a preliminary task.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ZCaJDTv65o&feature=player_embedded
1. Not a lot of preparation 2. Delay at the beginning 3. Slow cuts 4. There was no two shot to show they was having a conversation 5. You couldnt hear them clearly I did not like this preliminary task.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VwFq-wtvRzY&feature=player_embedded
Basic description of a preliminary task.• A preliminary task is a task that consists of doing different camera shots like 180 degree rule, 2 shot, reverse shot etc. A basic film task starts out by creating a short storyline with a transcript of what the preliminary task. It can be as simple as one person filming capturing shots with two people entering a room engaging in a short conversation.
A Example of a Preliminary Task Script• Mickella – Hey Paula.• Paula – Hey.• Mickella – How are you? You dont look very well.• Paula – I have not been feeling very well.• Mickella – Why? What is going on?• Paula – I was at this party last night with loads of alcohol, just woke up with a hangover and a headache.• Mickella – Sounds terrible, at least it was a good party. (laughs)• Paula – Yeh I guess.• Mickella – Well…Paracetamol should help!• Paula – I hope so…. Anyway I got to go now, dont want to be late for lesson. Bye!• Mickella – Alright Bye talk later.