CERCO‐NEWS VOLUME 3, ISSUE 2 F E B R U A R Y 2 0 1 1 INSIDE THIS ISSUE: Adapt and Survive! Adapt and 1 Survive! If you’ve read about belief that reducing We trained a Climate Change, you will household poverty and Surveillance Team in the use From the 2 know that there are two improving the environment of GPS and they exceeded Director responses: Mitigation (how is achievable through our expectations by to stop it getting worse) and sustainable management of gathering the data that has Adaptation (how to cope forests, new forms of allowed them for the first Green light for 2 with its impacts). Both are income, and improving time to map the boundaries REDD vital. Yet there are few signs farming systems. This of all existing farms (see Mona, mona on 2 of adaptation around the approach is supported by Page 3). A Land Use the wall... world, and in developing research, and goes against Management plan that nations that is rapidly the grain of thinking that restricts farming to zoned becoming a problem. The believes that a subsistence areas can now be enforced Know your limits 3 Canadian International existence offers no hope for for the first time. Development Agency (CIDA) the environment. Cocoa farming training have sought to develop Following a large‐scale was equally successful. Both The Cleveland 4 momentum in Nigeria by climate change awareness Iko Esai and Agoi farmers Greens funding pilot projects to programme (that saw take‐ reported average increases ‘Build Nigeria’s Response to up beyond the villages of in earnings in excess of 50% Never too young 4 Climate Change’ (BNRCC). Agoi and Iko Esai which we for the 2010 season. 160 to learn CERCOPAN was selected targeted), we moved on to women were trained in fuel‐ to pilot adaptation strategies grow an understanding that efficient woodstoves. Sad news from 5 for the Rainforest zone, and the best response is Finally, on Climate Rhoko we have just completed the sustainable management of Change awareness we 18‐month project. We forests. Maintain the developed the complete text exceeded all of our original resource that provides the of a 9‐Lecture curriculum Doctor, Doctor! 5 objectives, and have many backbone of subsistence and ‘Introduction to Climate learnings that will benefit it will still be there when Change’ for use at the our host village Iko Esai, and times are harsh. University of Calabar. This Want to be a part 6 indeed all of the rainforest The results are very will be used to provide a of it ? communities of Nigeria. encouraging for the future. rapid upgrade of knowledge The approach of using Under the alternative for the Cross River alternative livelihoods livelihoods initiative we now conservationists of the options as an adaptation have active programmes in future at undergraduate strategy is based on the pig farming, poultry farming, level, and will also be Climate Change bee keeping, baking, disseminated throughout and snail farming. the Forestry and awareness While the poultry Environment professionals improved farming effort has within State Government. dramatically. proved less If you want to get Read our primer successful to date, yourself up to speed on for similar the other options Mitigation, Adaptation and have done well, and the other key concepts in results! in particular we have the science of Climate been encouraged by Change, there’s no better the high take‐up primer. Watch our web amongst hunters. space!
PAGE 2 From the Director In a moment of satisfying our founding no chin‐guard. Our reflection when Clyde, the goal of life‐time care. visitors, such as the group patriarch of our Red‐ Every time I visit Rhoko from Day Waterman capped mangabeys, came in future Clyde’s absence College, always remember to the end of his long life will show, but over 50 the Mangabeys! And with recently, it seemed to me other Mangabeys there it they remember the that this was a moment for are living just as full a life conservation message that celebration rather than as he did. And some of they carry: if the forests one of mourning. them will have a chance go, they go, and that’s CERCOPAN’s role as a that even Clyde never had. clearly too much of value sanctuary allows monkeys With the return of Sagan to lose. like Clyde to enjoy the full‐ Friant to Rhoko (see the The impact of that term of their lives that final article), our plans for message offers the hope Claire Coulson would otherwise be short a r e i n t r o d u c t i o n that Mangabeys in the CERCOPAN and brutal as someone’s programme for the wild at Rhoko will be able Director pet, or worse. To have Mangabeys take another to lead a life even more provided sanctuary so that important step forward. complete than Clyde did, primates have been able I sometimes think that and I can celebrate that! to live for up to 20 years in Mangabeys look like they a rich environment, and are wearing a red crash fulfilling their natural helmet of the kind worn roles, means we are by bikers in the 60’s, with “...conserved forests, which are Green light for REDD carbon sinks, can In September 2010 we which are carbon sinks, and secondly at specific reduce the global‐ reported on the hopes in can reduce the global‐ site locations for expected time of Nigeria moving warming impact of the implementation. warming impact from being a Partner polluters that generate Of greatest importance of the polluters (Observer) country in the greenhouse gases. to us is that the latter are that generate United Nations Reducing The Nigerian initiative all in Cross River State, greenhouse Emissions f r o m is continuing to gain including an area that is gases” Deforestation and forest momentum. The current centred on Iko Esai’s Degredation (REDD) status is that a proposal to community forests. Our scheme to becoming a demonstrate R E D D continuing work to expand Pilot country. readiness is actively under our conservation influence REDD is a process that development. into n e i g h b o u r i n g transfers money from The proposal will communities could not be polluters to forest owners address requirements more appropriate and so that conserved forests, firstly at the Federal level, timely. Time for a snack in transit! Mona, mona on the wall... Looking at the picture owner to give him a was ready for the next you might well ask better life by taking him stage in the journey. what is a Mona into care in Calabar. That involved a one‐ monkey d o i n g A day’s drive brought hour flight down to Calabar admiring itself in the him to Lagos , and it was and then a short drive to mirror in someone’s clear that he needed a Headquarters. bedroom! little freedom for a while, There will surely be This little monkey has so we allowed him to further adventures ahead had quite an roam the room, and the for this one, but for now it’s adventure. Originally mirror immediately a spell in quarantine so that purchased as a pet in entranced him. we can give him a clean bill Sapele, in the south‐ A quick check up from of health before he meets west of Nigeria, we CERCOPAN’s vet, and he his new Mona partners in were asked by his life.
VOLUME 3, ISSUE 2 PAGE 3 Know your limits Forest‐Farm boundaries in In the Oct 2010 edition establishing the principle of see the current state of the northern half of the of CERCO_NEWS we zoning, but it was vital to play. mapped area reported on training we had provide the means of given members of Iko Esai’s monitoring actual practice, Surveillance Team in GPS and determining if any technology. We’ve been corrective action is needed. amazed at how useful this Finding the limits of has proven to be. farming is actually quite The group worked difficult in practice. Former extremely hard over the farmland b e c o m e s following months, and they overgrown and it can be have now completed hard to find a way through surveying all of the the regrowth a n d boundaries to existing farms understory vegetation. that border forest. The In the North of the area importance of this cannot farms lie mainly off forest be overstated. trails, and the boundaries of Realistic environmental each farm can be estimated It shows that one farm conservation focuses on visually when walking the alone has strayed beyond sustainable management. trails. The final map of these the acceptable boundaries. The village’s Land Use boundaries is shown to the However, the pattern of “To date the Management Plan (LUMP) ‐ upper right. encroachment at the see map below ‐ restricts To the South the farming southern end could lead to LUMP has been farming to the periphery of has encroached along a concerns in the future, while successful in the forest, so that the continuous line from the there is still plenty of protected zones are West, so this limit can be available acreage further establishing the unspoilt. Prior to the plan mapped by walking along its west. This might be principle of being accepted, there was entire extent ‐ an arduous addressable by providing zoning, but it was even an incentive to farming exercise. new access routes. deep in the forest as this Using Geographical The new farming season vital to provide established claims to large I n f o r m a t i on S y s te m s is now underway, and the the means of tracts of acreage according technology we were able to Surveillance Team’s role is to established custom. place the LUMP into its true to ensure that any new monitoring actual To date the LUMP has geodetic space. By adding farms are sited strictly practice, and been successful in the GPS points we can now within the Farm Extension Zone through dialogue determining if any with each of the farmers, corrective action and further regular is needed” monitoring. Land Use zones are shown in different colours. The Farm Extension Zone is in orange. GPS Tracks and Way‐Points are the small squares
PAGE 4 The Cleveland Greens We were delighted to Our p r i m a t e Education Centre’s decaying discover this month, that rehabilitation centre in infrastructure, but also to we had been awarded a Calabar provides the replace our ageing grant from Cleveland perfect backdrop for our laminated posters with high Metroparks Zoo as part of educational message about visibility durable Dibond their ‘Zoo Futures’ protection of Cross River boards. programme. State’s unique habitat and The new, colourful look its wildlife inhabitants. and feel to the centre will That message can have provide maximum visual a direct impact on the life‐ impact, and ensure that a styles of the 20,000 visitors visit to CERCOPAN and the we receive each year, for lessons learnt are not example resulting in their forgotten! giving up the consumption The is the first time we Cleveland of bush‐meat or the have applied for a grant Metroparks Zoo is The grant will allow keeping of monkeys as from Cleveland Metroparks a new and very CERCOPAN to entirely pets. Zoo, and we welcome them welcome ally to redesign our Headquarters’ The support given by as a new partner to the Education Centre, which Cleveland Metroparks will cause of conservation in our cause was in urgent need of an be used not only to replace Cross River State. upgrade. parts of the Headquarters Never too young to learn A group of twelve environmental highlights conservation and eco‐ schoolchild ren aged within Cross River State friendly attitude. between 12 and 14 which of course included Between the walk on accompanied by 3 teachers Rhoko. the nature trail, the night from Day Waterman Attracted by the walk where they learnt the College, an impressive exceptional wildlife, the different n o c t u r n a l modern school near students (6 boys and 6 primates present in Rhoko, Thomas’ Galago, a Abeokuta in south‐western girls) spent three days in and the enjoyment of Rhoko night walk Nigeria, has just visited Rhoko and Iko Esai, Rhoko River, the students spectacle Rhoko camp. learning about our appreciated the two This year for their partnership efforts to species of monkeys that we (Photo: Simon annual school excursion conserve the forest, host. Bearder) they chose to see the including our monkey They were very r e h a b i l i t a t i o n interested and enthusiastic programme. to learn about the C o m b i n i n g t h e primates, and they all felt discovery of Nigerian so lucky that their country wildlife with the possesses such beautiful learning of adult nature. responsibilities, the They completed their students had to journey by visiting Iko Esai prepare and organize community where they themselves for their were introduced to the journey and they were different alternative asked to fulfil daily livelihoods p r o j e c t s tasks in turns, always implemented b y keeping in mind a CERCOPAN.
VOLUME 3, ISSUE 2 PAGE 5 Sad news from Rhoko One of our founding, appearance, but also because and oldest Red‐capped he constantly patrolled the mangabeys, Clyde, passed perimeter fence threatening away peacefully in his sleep any stranger who dared to last month. It was a very sad approach his group! day for CERCOPAN as Clyde Clyde originally came to us had been with us since from Lagos. He was December 1993 and was surrendered into the care of possibly the most well CERCOPAN when he was known character of all of about two and half years old, the Rhoko monkeys. making him around twenty In his early years at when he died. CERCOPAN, Clyde was He was in the first group to involved in a fight for be moved out to Rhoko forest dominance, and sustained a in November 2003 and was nasty laceration to his lip the alpha male for many Farewell which left his front teeth on years. He was an excellent Clyde full display. It was not the father and leader and most attractive look, but it although he is gone, he has certainly didn’t affect his left a conservation legacy ability to lead the group….or behind as some of his his popularity with the offspring will no doubt be part “...he has left ladies! of the first Mangabey his enclosure, and kai kai (local a conservation Every visitor to the open reintroduction into Iko Esai firewater) was poured to the topped e n c l o s u r e community forest. ancestors, as is the tradition in legacy behind as remembers Clyde, not only A formal burial was Iko Esai. He will be sadly missed some of his f o r his d ist inc tive attended by all the staff near by all at CERCOPAN. offspring will no doubt be part of Doctor, Doctor! the first Mangabey reintroduction into Iko Esai community Two PhD students who aspects of the design, she changes in environment alter have worked before at will interview and survey behavior and impact health. forest” separate times in Rhoko are the hunters and chiefs in 4 She will use non‐invasive back ,as luck would have it, villages (Esai, Ekperem, techniques to look at faecal at the same time to further Owai, Agoi) to understand parasites and bacteria, and to their research studies. their attitudes, values, and relate these to behaviour. This Carrie (left) and Carrie Vath, a PhD beliefs about the information will help us to student from the University community forest. understand the health risks Sagan (right) happy of Florida has just begun her Sagan Friant, from the with re‐introducing species into to be back in Rhoko 12 months field season. She University of Wisconsin the wild. camp is interested in the (Nelson Institute for effectiveness of the Environmental Studies; community forest in socio‐ Environment a n d ecological terms. To Resources Program) has investigate her ecological come back to CERCOPAN’s questions, she will use line‐ Rhoko research station to transects to census the study the behaviour and large vertebrates in the health of Red‐capped Core Area, Research Area mangabeys before they are and conservation zones. released into the wild. She is particularly The re‐introduction of interested in primate species provides a unique abundance and distribution. opportunity to understand In order to assess the social how sudden and dramatic