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Robert istepanian kingston-university-masterclass_wed_zone-2


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LTE World Summit Barcelona May 2012

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Robert istepanian kingston-university-masterclass_wed_zone-2

  1. 1. M-health and LTE Robert S. H. Istepanian Professor of Data Communications for healthcare Director of the Medical Information and Network Technologies Centre Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing Kingston University, London, UK E-mail: LTE World Summit 2012 Barcelona 23-24 may 2012 MINT Research Centre©Robert S.H. Istepanian 2012
  2. 2. Healthcare and ICT Technology Trends in 2012 Shift in care models Mobility in Healthcare Quality of life Home care Work flow Optimisation Residential care Acute care Improved clinical Cost $$ outcomesWireless and IP based Infrastructure Growth Smart wireless medical Sensors
  3. 3. Healthcare and ICT Technology Trends in 2012 1- Thereis ever increasing demand on the increasing care for elderly care and chronic patients. 2- The trend for the personalisation of the care. 3- Major reforms and new healthcare delivery models demanded by current Economic constraints. 4- The fast pace of ICT Technology advances . LTE World Summit 2012 MINT Research Barcelona 23-24 may 2012 Centre©Robert S.H. Istepanian 2012
  4. 4. M-health ‘A decade on’Mobile Health Care (m-Health)‘Emerging Mobile Communication ,Network and SensorTechnologies For Healthcare Systems and Applications’REF: Istepanian (etal.), ‘m-health: Beyond Seamless Mobility for Global Wireless Healthcare Connectivity ’,IEEE Trans. Information Technology in Biomedicine, Vol. 8, 4, pp. 405-412, 2004.
  5. 5. What is Mobile HealthCare (m-Health)? Medical Sensors and Devices M-health Computing and Information and Internet Communication Technologies Systems Reference: m-health Istepanian etal., Springer - 200420/09/2011 © Robert Istepanian. 2011 5
  6. 6. M-health in 2012
  7. 7. m-health is one of the fastest growing vertical market within the Mobile service domain Some Interesting ‘ Google’ Statistics: Google Search - March 2011 ‘m-health’ > 102,000,000 Hits In the US, Verizon launched in November 2009 a health focused business unit, ‘Verizon Connected Health’. In the UK, Vodafone and in France Orange outlined plans in December 2009 for the mobile health business. Opportunities in the global mobile healthcare market are estimated to be worth between $50bn and $60bn in 2010 Source: McKinsey & Company-2010 500M people will be using healthcare mobile applications in 2015 Source: research2guidance.comstepanian 2012
  8. 8. The Long Term Evolution of m-health 4G Health©Robert S.H. Istepanian 2012
  9. 9. Definition of ‘4G Health’ REF: Istepanian, IEEE Trans. Info. Tech. Biomedicine- 2012©Robert S.H. Istepanian 2012
  10. 10. Concept of 4G health REF: Istepanian, IEEE Trans. TITB- 2012 LTE World Summit 2012©Robert S.H. Istepanian 2012 Barcelona 23-24 may 2012
  11. 11. Key 4G Health Categories : Some Potential applications of ‘long term evolution of m-health’ services : •4G Wellness, prevention and long term chronic diseases management systems. •4G medical Multimedia services and diagnostics systems. •4G mobile emergency care and response systems. •4G smart personalised healthcare.©Robert S.H. Istepanian 2012
  12. 12. m-health Monitoring as successful business opportunity Medical Data Aggregate the medical M-health System data Alerting Internet Alert Mechanism Cloud Updates Feedback Responses HSPA/LTE Smart terminals Daily Alert Visit, call, and etc. mobile-end Patient with medical sensors
  13. 13. Diabetes as Global Epidemic Diabetes Atlas-2011 from
  14. 14. Common m-health business applications Mobile Diabetes Management Systems Ref: Istepanian etal, JTT, 15,3 2009
  15. 15. Mobile Diabetes Systems as a healthcare business PositiveID announced that the FDA had cleared itsCellnovo from CE mobile health diabetes management system, iGlucose. Mhealth News, Nov. 2011 Interest in mobile health (mHealth) applications for self-management of diabetes is growing. In July 2009, we found 60 diabetes applications on iTunes for iPhone; by February 2011 the number had increased by more than 400% to 260. Ref: J. Med. Internet. Res. 14, 2012
  16. 16. Benefits of m-health for Diabetes management•Self-management (empowerment) is key tominimising the long-term complications of diabetes.•Lifestyle and behaviour.•Personal responsibility for his/her care.• Giving the patient the necessary medicalinformation he/she requires• Provision of patient engagement with his/her carer• ‘Implicit enforcement’ of compliance by providing thenurse/doctor with the information needed to knowif the patient is taking SMBG or not.
  17. 17. m-health clinical trials and evidence
  18. 18. 4G health: m-health Challenges from the LTE Perspective Mission Critical v/s non-Mission Critical 4G Health Applications 1- Convergence and Interoperability challenges 2- Security and Privacy and confidentiality challenges 3- Inadequate Standards for m-health applications. 4- Development of ‘ m-health’ grade smart terminals 5- m-health based Quality of Service issues LTE World Summit 2012©Robert S.H. Istepanian 2012 Barcelona 23-24 may 2012
  19. 19. Key LTE 4G Health Application Real-time mobile Diagnostics; (Mobile ultrasound video streaming over Mobile LTE/WiMAX) LTE World Summit 2012©Robert S.H. Istepanian 2012 Barcelona 23-24 may 2012
  20. 20. QoS issues in LTE In general QoS is an important area for the successful growth of LTE networks. m-health applications have various requirements from the transport network in terms of delay, bandwidth and error rate that they desire for optimal performance or user experience. This poses a challenge for deployment of LTE networks. In general there are two types of bearers that have been defined in the LTE Rel-8 : (i) Guaranteed Bit Rate and (ii) Non-Guaranteed Bit Rate: In (i) where network resources equivalent to a certain bit rate are reserved at the time of the creation of the bearer. In (ii) is typically used for interactive applications such as IMS signaling, progressive video streaming, web browsing, chat, etc©Robert S.H. Istepanian 2012
  21. 21. Medical QoS (m-QOS) REF: Istepanian etal. - IEEE J Selected Areas in Communications, May 2009Istepanian 2011
  22. 22. To manage m-QoS Cross Layer Optimization is required Abstraction Sk =(V k , L k S´k =(V´ k , L´ k ) Application ) CLO Input: Layer Abstraction (Video streaming Quality) 1-Frame Size 2-Frame Rate Presentation 3-PSNR Session External m-QoS Cross-layer CLO Output: Cross layer strategy policy and network Optimizer limitations TCP/UDP/RTP IP 1-Modulation and coding 2-SNR MAC 3-BER Abstraction CLO Input: Layer Abstraction (Link Status) 4-Utilization Phy 5-Operation Frequency LTE World Summit 2012©Robert S.H. Istepanian 2012 Barcelona 23-24 may 2012
  23. 23. PSNR Vs ThroughputA sample of the average throughput of the ultrasound data stream captured by the expert using theWiMAX and HSUPA platform is shown. Experimental results show that both WiMAX and HSUPAsupport uplink medical video streaming with average 0.6 Mbps.
  24. 24. RTT results of different ultrasoundvideo stream packet sizes over WiMAX and HSUPA Fig. 1 and 2 show the comparative results of the RTT values for different packet sizes over HSUPA and different WiMAX modulation and coding schemes. The results show that the WiMAX provides better RTT performance compared to HSUPA network.
  25. 25. M-health based Quality of Experience ( m-QoE) M- QoE activation trigger Secure HTTP M-health Server user Public Core Access m-QoE Firewall network network network monitor (Internet) Medical Multimedia eND M-health m-QoE reporting M-QoE report©Robert S.H. Istepanian 2012
  26. 26. M-health based Quality of Experience ( m-QoE) HighM-health Usage Domain and Complexity Collaboration m- Real time (Live health education Medical Video Streaming) Medical ECG & Video sign Text Messaging Monitoring Medium Blood pressure & Glucose level monitoring Well being Management Mobile Tele- consultation Weight Management Low Low Medium High Level of Interactivity m-QOE based classifications with regard to degree of interactivity and m-health usage domain©Robert S.H. Istepanian 2012
  27. 27. ITU Focus Group on Machine-to-Machine Service Layer standardisation (FG M2M) Focus e-health/mhealth First Meeting in Geneva- 17-18 April 2012 Next Group Meeting in Beijing- China 26-28June 2012. Remote participation will also be available Use cases and service models (withfocus on ehealth/mhealth)
  28. 28. Final Thought on 4G Health ! Nucleus cell Nucleus cell Nucleus cell
  29. 29. THANK YOURobert S. H. MINT Research Centre