How to accelerate the deployment Matthias Kurth Bundesnetzagentur


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How to accelerate the deployment Matthias Kurth Bundesnetzagentur

  1. 1. www.bundesnetzagentur.deHow to accelerate the deployment of SmartGrids: Policy and Regulatory issuesMatthias Kurth, President of the BundesnetzagenturETNO Workshop: Towards a low carbon economy – Brussels, 23 Nov. 2011
  2. 2. AgendaI. Situation of the Telecommunications NetworksII. Situation of the Electricity NetworksIII. Why is it important to capitalize synergies between electricity and telecommunications networks 1. Synergies for the Telecommunications Sector 2. Synergies for the Energy SectorIV. Conclusions © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 2
  3. 3. ConvergenceThe convergence between electricity and telecommunications networks isalready there: Electricity networks need the Know-How of the ICT industry and the use of telecommunications infrastructure  to realize a Smart Grid to integrate the amount of produced energy by renewables  to realize Smart Market including Smart Metering for a two-way digital communication between producers and consumersTelecommunications networks need to be expanded to promote broadband  Synergies with the existing infrastructure owned by Telco- and Energy network operators  Joint roll-out of new electricity and telecommunications networks to create synergies and to reduce the costs © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 3
  4. 4. I. Situation of the Telecommunications Networks © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 4
  5. 5. Broadband penetration rates in EuropeSource:EUROPEAN COMMISSION, Digital Scorecard © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 5
  6. 6. Access Line Capacity 2010Access line capacity2010 100 Mbit/s und mehr: 0,1% 30 Mbit/s und mehr bis unter 100 Mbit/s: 3% größer 144 Kbit/s bis unter 2 Mbit/s:14% 10 Mbit/s und mehr bis unter 30 Mbit/s: 25% genau 2 Mbit/s:13% über 2 Mbit/s bis unter 10 Mbit/s: 45% © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 6
  7. 7. Political Agenda  The Federal Government‘s Broadband Strategy of February 2009 • Broadband access shall be available nationwide by the end of 2010 • A total of 75 percent of households shall be provided with access with transmission rates of 50 MBit/s by 2014 and nationwide as soon as possible Digital Agenda of the European Commission of August 2010 • 100% coverage of broadband access of EU citizens by 2013 • Provision of all EU citizens with broadband access with at least 30 MBit/s and 50% of European households with at least 100 MBit/s by 2020 © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 7
  8. 8. German Broadband StrategyBNetzA‘s tasks according to Federal Government‘s Broadband Strategy Growth and innovation oriented regulation  Key elements on the regulatory framework for the development of modern telecommunications networks and the creation of high speed broadband infrastructures (published in March 2010)  Clarification of the fundamental regulatory and competition law issues related to cooperation projects (together with the Federal Cartel Office)  Developing principles for consistent rates regulation, with a view also to encouraging efficient infrastructure investment (published in November 2009) Setting up of an (passive) infrastructure map (data base) Supporting spectrum policy/regulation (auctioning of the digital dividend) © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 8
  9. 9. II. Situation of the Electricity Networks © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 9
  10. 10. Renewable Energy Targets Electricity Production Electricity Mix Germany 2010 Renewables: 16.4 % Government Energy Policy: Black Coal; 18,7% Share of electricity produced of Natural Gas; 13,6% renewables shall be  35 % by 2020 Wind; 5,9%  80 % by 2050 Nuclear; 22,6% Biomass; 5,4% Renewable Energy Act (EEG) Water; 3,2% designed to foster this process Photovoltaics; 1,9% Mineral Oil; 1,2% Other; 3,9% Brown Coal; 23,67% © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 10
  11. 11. Development of Renewable Energy Production in Germany Entwicklung der installierten Leistung der nach EEG vergüteten Anlagen GW 44 42 40 38 36 34 32 Solar 30 Biomass Biomasse 28 Wasser Water 26 Gas 24 Wind 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 11
  12. 12. Key challenges: integration of the renewables wind energy biomass power plants Quelle: sigma Quelle: Alpha Ventus grids climate-neutral buildings photovoltaics Quelle: Spiegel Quelle: Kurier.atQuelle: VDE storage power Electric mobility Quelle: Vattenfall CCS systems stations © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 12
  13. 13. Changes in Generation Require New Grids Renewable energy production develops mainly in Northern Germany Traditionally, fossil and nuclear production plantshave been built close to where the energywas actually needed. © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 13
  14. 14. Grid Expansion  To achieve the successful integration of renewable energy grid expansion is a major challenge  Grid expansion is also necessary for Cross Border Electricity Trade  Energy Infrastructure package by the European Commission © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 14
  15. 15. Political Agenda  Energy Concept for an Environmentally Sound, Reliable and Affordable Energy Supply • Renewable energies as a cornerstone of future energy supply • An efficient grid infrastructure for electricity and integration of renewables • Review due to the change of priorities after Fukushima led to new energy policy: phase-out of nuclear power plants until 2022 Energy Strategy 2020 of the European Commission of November 2010 • Pan-European integrated energy market with infrastructures • Europes leadership in energy technology and innovation • Safe, secure and affordable energy through active consumers (Smart grids/ smart meters) • Communication from the Commission „Smart Grids: from innovation to deployment“, 12 April 2011, COM(2011) 202 final © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 15
  16. 16. III. Why is it important to capitalize synergies between electricity and telecommunications networks © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 16
  17. 17. Need to expand and upgrade infrastructure Challenges are similar: expand and upgrade infrastructure:  Energy networks need to be expanded and upgraded in order to integrate renewables  Telecoms networks need to be expanded and upgraded to highspeed broadband networks (NGA)  Synergies between smart grid and broadband roll-out  Railway networks need to be modernized to cope with increasing traffic and ensure climate/environmental friendly traffic handling  Postal networks need to be modernized to ensure logistics are matching the needs of industry (just in time delivery) and consumers (increasing e-commerce ordering)  All of these modernized infrastructures will generate spill-over effects to other sectors in form of increased productivity, i.e. are an enabler of economic growth and well-being for users © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 17
  18. 18. Synergies for the Telecommunications Sector Capitalising on synergies of other infrastructure projects:  Up to 70 percent of the costs of deploying broadband infrastructure in the fixed network are civil engineering costs (esp. digging costs).  Significant cost reduction by co-operation between providers of different infrastructures (infrastructure-sharing)  Cost reduction makes a faster roll-out also in rural or remoter areas possible  BNetzA decided to recognize costs for fibre roll-out of electricity grid operators that are made to install a smart grid in the costs of network tariffs  BNetzA’s experts for telecommunications standardisation are deeply involved in the work and discussion to develop smart grids in the energy sector. The CENELEC currently discusses smart grids standards, important to link the two issues. © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 18
  19. 19. Infrastructure Map Data base aggregating existing and planned infrastructure Municipalities and companies interested in the Infrastructure map can get information on existing infrastructure which can be used for new infrastructure This way potential for synergies between different infrastructures can be used Many companies and organisations take an active part in the project and provide detailed data Framework and standard agreements are agreed between all relevant public and private organisations Since December 2009 (starting point) about 350 requests mainly in connection with municipal fibre roll out © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 19
  20. 20. Example for an information given to an applicant © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 20
  21. 21. Synergies for the Energy Sector  Use of existing communication infrastructure especially for Smart Market but as well for Smart Grid  Acceptance of network expansion  Joint network expansion  Development of an Infrastructure Map Foto: © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 21
  22. 22. Smart Market Design Smart Generation Smart Metering Smart Market Design Smart Storage Smart Consumption Fotos: © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 22
  23. 23. Integration of Smart MetersUse of existing communicationinfrastructure(DSL, GSM, UMTS, LTE…) Intersectoral use of the Meters (gas, water, heating) and integration of further services © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 23
  24. 24. Develop smart grids and markets Know-how of energy and ICT industry is needed  Cooperation between energy- and ICT industry  Use of intelligent Telecommunications Networks to make flexible energy consumption and billing possible Bildquelle: © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 24
  25. 25. Example of joint network expansionAcceptance of costs for fibre and ducts within the expansionof the electrical power networks is possible, but only if it does not lead to a parallel Quelle: Pixelio  infrastructure  decision on a case by case basis  future revenues of the provision of fibre and ducts must lead to cost reduction of the electrical power network Quelle: DerWesten  the provision shall be transparent and non discriminatory  pragmatic approach to foster broadband expansion Quelle: © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 25
  26. 26. Acceptance of network expansion Local resistance complicates and delays the network expansion NIMBY (Not In My Backyard) and BANANA (Build Absolutely Nothing Anywhere Near Anyone) Quelle: Welt  Planning authorities and companies should become even more open  Transparent procedures and discussions of alternatives  Acceptance can be increased by exploiting the synergies © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 26
  27. 27. Conclusions Electricity and Telecommunications Networks are converging It is important to identify possible synergies Capitalizing these synergies will help to overcome obstacles, reduce cost for investment through infrastructure sharing and foster network rollout in the Telecommunications and the Energy Sector Only with Telecommunications Networks intelligent market and grid can be realized © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 27
  28. 28. Many thanks for your attention! © ________________ Bundesnetzagentur 28