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Open Badges   Carles Bellver       2012
www.openbadges.org Mozilla Foundation
$1 million grantMacArthur Foundation
Accreditation/credentialing system
Accreditation/credentialing system    - “open”{   - “alternative”    - “micro”
“If we’re successful, thebenefits to learners willbe tremendous.         — blog.mozilla.org
“There is a real chance tocreate learning thatworks more like the web.         — blog.mozilla.org
Badges?
“badge |baj|nouna distinctive emblem worn as a mark ofoffice, membership, achievement, licensedemployment, etc.: name badg...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/benthomasphoto/1592354369                Insignias
http://www.flickr.com/photos/35703177@N00/2987260527/                 Medals
http://www.flickr.com/photos/eezpictures/3299183468/    Accomplishment
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lincoln_button_1860.jpg             Campaigns
http://www.flickr.com/photos/tamiment/2784387585/              Support
pepe@uji.esAffiliation
Web badges
FoursquareMore web badges
Google Newshttp://youtu.be/QP5szEn2dxs  And more
People like badges.
OB Background■ Learners are learning everywhere  – But most of that learning doesn’t  “count”.■ Skills assessment and comm...
OB Goals■ Develop badges as an alternative  (micro-)accreditation/(micro-)credentialing  system.■ Avoid silos. Support bad...
Open BadgeInfrastructure
wiki.mozilla.org/File:Badge-diagram-2.2.jpg
wiki.mozilla.org/File:Badge-diagram-2.2.jpg
wiki.mozilla.org/File:Badge-diagram-2.2.jpg
OBI ecosystem                          AUTHENTICATION / CLAIM MAKING ISSUERS                                              ...
Issuers■ Organization, consortium or individual  who issues badges into the OBI.■ Issuer issues a badge on their site, the...
[]ORG   ASSESSMENTME      ACCREDITATION      CREDENTIALS     }   OBI
[]                      anybodyORG   ASSESSMENT      anythingME      ACCREDITATION      CREDENTIALS     }    OBI
“Badges are notassessments.         — David Wiley
Badge Earner■ A person storing their badges within  the OBI.■ The Earner has interactions with  Issuers to earn badges, th...
Badge Backpack■ An authorized data storage plus a  management interface (control, share)  for Earners.■ Open source and fe...
Badge■ A single credential demonstrating a  skill, achievement, quality or affiliation.■ More than a static image or button...
Badge – inside■ A JSON blob of metadata embedded in  a PNG file (“Badge Baking”). ‣ Easily portable, an actual “thing” that...
Badge – metadata■ Who issued the badge.■ The issue date.■ How the badge was earned.■ Hyperlinks back to artifacts,  docume...
Verification■ “Did the Issuer issue this badge?”,  “Is it still valid or has it expired?”, etc.■ Verification happens betwee...
Displayers■ Display of badges is where a significant  part of the value lies: badges are not  siloed or stuck within one si...
Identity■ Identity is a critical part of the OBI.■ Identity needs to be open and  decentralized.■ How? Persona, fka Browse...
Conclusions (1)■ Anyone can issue accreditations about  anything.■ People can keep their own backpacks  full of credential...
“Compared with the new openbadge systems, the standardcollege transcript looks like asad and archaic thing.— The Chronicle...
Conclusions (2)■ OBI as an open infrastructure for  presentation portfolios.■ OBI separates the credentialing and  teachin...
“…no one is paying sufficientattention to the gap betweenlearning anything anywhere (OER)and receiving a recognition (OBI)...
“…many in the field are overlookingthe place where badges make themost sense of all – the formalhigher education instituti...
Moodle & Mahara■ Totara Learning Solutions will be  developing an Open Badges solution  for Moodle and Mahara. ‣ Moodle as...
OBI ecosystem                          AUTHENTICATION / CLAIM MAKING ISSUERS                                              ...
OBI ecosystem                          AUTHENTICATION / CLAIM MAKING ISSUERS                                              ...
OBI ecosystem                          AUTHENTICATION / CLAIM MAKING ISSUERS                                              ...
OBI ecosystem                          AUTHENTICATION / CLAIM MAKING ISSUERS                                              ...
OBI ecosystem                          AUTHENTICATION / CLAIM MAKING ISSUERS                                              ...
Details■   Integration with Moodle’s Activity and Course completion    functionality.■   Certificate module will dispense O...
OBI Tech Overview■ Issuer API■ Displayer API■ Verification API■ Endorsement API■ Metadata Specification■ Reference Implement...
OBI 2012 RoadmapQ1 OBI Beta ✓Q2 WebsiteQ3 Research and Planning for 1.0Q4 OBI 1.0
More infowww.openbadges.orgwiki.mozilla.org/BadgesOpen Badges and Moodlemoodle.org/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=197834Openness ...
Carles Bellver bellverc@uji.eshttp://cent.uji.es
Open Badges - CENT UJI 2012
Open Badges - CENT UJI 2012
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Open Badges - CENT UJI 2012

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Open Badges. Presentation at CENT, UJI, 2012-05-04.

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Open Badges - CENT UJI 2012

  1. 1. Open Badges Carles Bellver 2012
  2. 2. www.openbadges.org Mozilla Foundation
  3. 3. $1 million grantMacArthur Foundation
  4. 4. Accreditation/credentialing system
  5. 5. Accreditation/credentialing system - “open”{ - “alternative” - “micro”
  6. 6. “If we’re successful, thebenefits to learners willbe tremendous. — blog.mozilla.org
  7. 7. “There is a real chance tocreate learning thatworks more like the web. — blog.mozilla.org
  8. 8. Badges?
  9. 9. “badge |baj|nouna distinctive emblem worn as a mark ofoffice, membership, achievement, licensedemployment, etc.: name badges | a GirlScout badge.— The New Oxford American Dictionary
  10. 10. http://www.flickr.com/photos/benthomasphoto/1592354369 Insignias
  11. 11. http://www.flickr.com/photos/35703177@N00/2987260527/ Medals
  12. 12. http://www.flickr.com/photos/eezpictures/3299183468/ Accomplishment
  13. 13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lincoln_button_1860.jpg Campaigns
  14. 14. http://www.flickr.com/photos/tamiment/2784387585/ Support
  15. 15. pepe@uji.esAffiliation
  16. 16. Web badges
  17. 17. FoursquareMore web badges
  18. 18. Google Newshttp://youtu.be/QP5szEn2dxs And more
  19. 19. People like badges.
  20. 20. OB Background■ Learners are learning everywhere – But most of that learning doesn’t “count”.■ Skills assessment and communication is limited in current system.■ Few alternatives to the current accreditation/credentialing system.
  21. 21. OB Goals■ Develop badges as an alternative (micro-)accreditation/(micro-)credentialing system.■ Avoid silos. Support badges from multiple issuers across the web.■ Optimize value: make badges remixable and shareable with different audiences/sites.■ Develop an open and decentralized supporting infrastructure to give learners control of the entire ecosystem.
  22. 22. Open BadgeInfrastructure
  23. 23. wiki.mozilla.org/File:Badge-diagram-2.2.jpg
  24. 24. wiki.mozilla.org/File:Badge-diagram-2.2.jpg
  25. 25. wiki.mozilla.org/File:Badge-diagram-2.2.jpg
  26. 26. OBI ecosystem AUTHENTICATION / CLAIM MAKING ISSUERS DISPLAYERS BADGEEDUCATION API API BLOGPROVIDERS BACKPACK METADATA METADATA FACEBOOKORGANIZATIONS ✔ BADGES BADGES ✔ BADGES EPORTFOLIOWEBSITES Independent and agnostic. Outside of Open Badge Infrastructure ✔ Users consents to accept badges into backpack & send to website for display Source: wiki.mozilla.org/Badges/Onboarding-Issuer
  27. 27. Issuers■ Organization, consortium or individual who issues badges into the OBI.■ Issuer issues a badge on their site, then prompts the Badge Earner to push the badge into their Backpack.■ Issuer badge systems are independent of the Infrastructure.
  28. 28. []ORG ASSESSMENTME ACCREDITATION CREDENTIALS } OBI
  29. 29. [] anybodyORG ASSESSMENT anythingME ACCREDITATION CREDENTIALS } OBI
  30. 30. “Badges are notassessments. — David Wiley
  31. 31. Badge Earner■ A person storing their badges within the OBI.■ The Earner has interactions with Issuers to earn badges, then can manage and share the badges in their Backpack out to various Display sites.■ Learners are a type of Badge Earners.
  32. 32. Badge Backpack■ An authorized data storage plus a management interface (control, share) for Earners.■ Open source and federated – anyone can take the code and fork it.■ Mozilla is building a reference or default Backpack.
  33. 33. Badge■ A single credential demonstrating a skill, achievement, quality or affiliation.■ More than a static image or button: its value comes from the information or metadata attached to it.
  34. 34. Badge – inside■ A JSON blob of metadata embedded in a PNG file (“Badge Baking”). ‣ Easily portable, an actual “thing” that can be emailed around carrying all the information with it. ‣ Important for decentralization, so that Earners have more control.
  35. 35. Badge – metadata■ Who issued the badge.■ The issue date.■ How the badge was earned.■ Hyperlinks back to artifacts, documents, or testimonials demonstrating the work that lead to earning the badge.■ Authentication back to the issuer.
  36. 36. Verification■ “Did the Issuer issue this badge?”, “Is it still valid or has it expired?”, etc.■ Verification happens between the Displayer and the Issuer.■ Hosted Assertions: metadata points to a URL that the Displayers can ping.■ In the future OBI will support Signed Assertions.
  37. 37. Displayers■ Display of badges is where a significant part of the value lies: badges are not siloed or stuck within one site.■ Earner controls through the Backpack where badges are displayed.■ Earners can also make badges public and discoverable through the Earner’s email address.
  38. 38. Identity■ Identity is a critical part of the OBI.■ Identity needs to be open and decentralized.■ How? Persona, fka BrowserID. browserid.org wiki.mozilla.org/Identity ‣ People understand email address ■ They don’t understand OpenID
  39. 39. Conclusions (1)■ Anyone can issue accreditations about anything.■ People can keep their own backpacks full of credentials. ‣ Access & display control. ‣ Attached to detailed accreditation info and evidence. ‣ Linked back to issuers.
  40. 40. “Compared with the new openbadge systems, the standardcollege transcript looks like asad and archaic thing.— The Chronicle of Higher Education
  41. 41. Conclusions (2)■ OBI as an open infrastructure for presentation portfolios.■ OBI separates the credentialing and teaching functions of higher education.■ What about assessment?
  42. 42. “…no one is paying sufficientattention to the gap betweenlearning anything anywhere (OER)and receiving a recognition (OBI)– this gap is called “assessment.” — David Wiley
  43. 43. “…many in the field are overlookingthe place where badges make themost sense of all – the formalhigher education institution. — David Wiley
  44. 44. Moodle & Mahara■ Totara Learning Solutions will be developing an Open Badges solution for Moodle and Mahara. ‣ Moodle as Issuer. ‣ Mahara as Displayer.
  45. 45. OBI ecosystem AUTHENTICATION / CLAIM MAKING ISSUERS DISPLAYERS BADGEEDUCATION API API BLOGPROVIDERS BACKPACK METADATA METADATA FACEBOOKORGANIZATIONS ✔ BADGES BADGES ✔ BADGES EPORTFOLIOWEBSITES Independent and agnostic. Outside of Open Badge Infrastructure ✔ Users consents to accept badges into backpack & send to website for display Source: wiki.mozilla.org/Badges/Onboarding-Issuer
  46. 46. OBI ecosystem AUTHENTICATION / CLAIM MAKING ISSUERS DISPLAYERS BADGEEDUCATION API API BLOGPROVIDERS BACKPACK METADATA METADATA FACEBOOKORGANIZATIONS ✔ BADGES BADGES ✔ BADGES EPORTFOLIOWEBSITES Independent and agnostic. Outside of Open Badge Infrastructure ✔ Users consents to accept badges into backpack & send to website for display Source: wiki.mozilla.org/Badges/Onboarding-Issuer
  47. 47. OBI ecosystem AUTHENTICATION / CLAIM MAKING ISSUERS DISPLAYERS moodleEDUCATION API BADGE API BLOGPROVIDERS BACKPACK METADATA METADATA FACEBOOKORGANIZATIONS ✔ BADGES BADGES ✔ BADGES EPORTFOLIOWEBSITES Independent and agnostic. Outside of Open Badge Infrastructure ✔ Users consents to accept badges into backpack & send to website for display Source: wiki.mozilla.org/Badges/Onboarding-Issuer
  48. 48. OBI ecosystem AUTHENTICATION / CLAIM MAKING ISSUERS DISPLAYERS moodleEDUCATION API BADGE API BLOGPROVIDERS BACKPACK METADATA METADATA FACEBOOKORGANIZATIONS ✔ BADGES BADGES ✔ BADGES EPORTFOLIOWEBSITES Independent and agnostic. Outside of Open Badge Infrastructure ✔ Users consents to accept badges into backpack & send to website for display Source: wiki.mozilla.org/Badges/Onboarding-Issuer
  49. 49. OBI ecosystem AUTHENTICATION / CLAIM MAKING ISSUERS DISPLAYERS moodleEDUCATION API BADGE API BLOGPROVIDERS BACKPACK METADATA METADATA FACEBOOKORGANIZATIONS ✔ BADGES BADGES ✔ BADGES EPORTFOLIOWEBSITES mahara Independent and agnostic. Outside of Open Badge Infrastructure ✔ Users consents to accept badges into backpack & send to website for display Source: wiki.mozilla.org/Badges/Onboarding-Issuer
  50. 50. Details■ Integration with Moodle’s Activity and Course completion functionality.■ Certificate module will dispense Open Badge PNG instead of PDF files.■ Badges will be stored in Moodle and can also be downloadable by users once they have earned them.■ A web service will provide badge authenticity verification.■ New blocks for Moodle and Mahara will display badges on users profiles pages.■ Use of Moodle Portfolio API to push badges automatically to Mahara.
  51. 51. OBI Tech Overview■ Issuer API■ Displayer API■ Verification API■ Endorsement API■ Metadata Specification■ Reference Implementation
  52. 52. OBI 2012 RoadmapQ1 OBI Beta ✓Q2 WebsiteQ3 Research and Planning for 1.0Q4 OBI 1.0
  53. 53. More infowww.openbadges.orgwiki.mozilla.org/BadgesOpen Badges and Moodlemoodle.org/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=197834Openness and the Future of Assessmenthttp://opencontent.org/blog/archives/237
  54. 54. Carles Bellver bellverc@uji.eshttp://cent.uji.es

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