Christopher stone big society - workforce planning conf

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CPD Research Director Christopher Stone presents James Whelan's report on 'Big Society' policies in the UK, and their implications if adopted in Australia

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Christopher stone big society - workforce planning conf

  1. 1. Big Society and Australia:How the UK Government isdismantling the state andwhat it means forAustraliaChristopher StoneAugust 2012
  2. 2. CPD – Public SectorResearch Programhttp://cpd.org.au13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 2
  3. 3. Delivering services in a ‘more with less’ fiscal environment13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 3
  4. 4. Context “if that means that some public servantsFede 4,200 are going to have to do more, well thats real life” NSW Premier Barry O’Farrell ra 15,00 “The Newman government ... has l 0 guaranteed frontline services will not be affected” Qld Treasurer Tim Nicholls NSW 7,500 “A smaller public sector needs to be more productive” SA Treasurer Jack Snelling Qld 5,100 “We are already seeing a managed reduction in back office and administrative SA 4,200 positions, putting us on track to deliver our policy without impacting on frontline Vic 2,000 service delivery” Vic Premier Ted Baillieu Tas13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 4
  5. 5. What is Big Society?• Manifesto of UK PM David Cameron, based on ideas of think tank director Phillip Blond• More with less?13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 5
  6. 6. Public Sector Cuts in the UK Public sector £81 billion spending £7 billion Welfare £350 million Legal aid 66% Communities 60% department 40% New public 27% housingHigher education 20% Local 19% government 10-20% Police 240,000 (2011) Average government13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 6
  7. 7. Community Sector Impacts• £5 billion funding cut to sector (2012-2014)• 2,000 charities affected by £110 million cut in 2011• Community sector employment fell by 70,000 (9%)• Impacts on NFP working conditions• Silencing or diminishing of NFP’s advocacy role13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 7
  8. 8. Local services cutsExample: Local libraries in the UK• Over 100 closed• 600 (20%) under threat of closure or transfer to community• Legal challenge over ability of untrained volunteers to run• Cuts to hours, services and staff in remaining13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 8
  9. 9. Corporate Scandals• Southern Cross aged care: £600 million profit before collapsed leaving 30,000 people at risk• A4e: fraud inquiry, targets not met, chair paid £8 million• G4S: promised 12,000 Olympic security guards, provided 7,000, army called in13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 9
  10. 10. What elements of Big Society exist in Australia, and what direction can we expect this agenda to take?13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 10
  11. 11. Big Society Ideas inAustralia• Anti-big government, privatisation and outsourcing• NSW trial of Social Benefit Bonds• Support for Big society: – Cheryl Kernot – Peter Shergold – Vern Huges – Tom Tolchard13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 11
  12. 12. Public Services Outsourcingin AustraliaHeavy: Moderat Light:• Telecommu e: • Postal nications • Energy • Broadca• Banks • Educati st• Insurance on • Water • Transp • Defence ort13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 12
  13. 13. Other Public ServiceFunctions• Law making, rule making, and policy development – Consultancies significant• Tax collection and managing government finance – Probably the area of least outsourcing• Monitoring and enforcing – Quasi-regulatory regimes13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 13
  14. 14. Transferable lessons?• There are difference between Australia and the UK: – Federal system – % government spending – Government debt13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 14
  15. 15. Comparison: Outsourcingemployment servicesAustralia • UK• Full introduction • Full introduction 1998 2011• Systemic • Systemic problems: problems: – Outcome measure – Outcome measure focus focus – Tight margins – Tight margins – Perverse outcomes – Perverse outcomes – Fraudulent – Fraudulent reporting reporting13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 15 – Failing the – Failing the
  16. 16. Will a change of government bring us one step closer to the Big Society?13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 16
  17. 17. Big Society in Australia?‚community controlled public schools‚securing our future depends more and public hospitals‛ citizens than on big on strong government‛‚you can’t have stronger communities without a stronger economy to sustain them and you can’t have a stronger economy without13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 17
  18. 18. Philip Blond in Australia• Author ‘Red Tory’• A ‚friend of Australia‛ – Abbott• Briefed senior shadow cabinet members in mid 2011• Back again recently: – Q&A – Radio national – Various seminars13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 18
  19. 19. Downsizing the state and how this will impact on workforce planning in the APS13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 19
  20. 20. ‚Size‛ of the AustralianPublic Service• Over time by different measures• In comparison by different measures13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 20
  21. 21. Outsourcing• Potential for spinouts and mutuals?• Need for, and challenges of, small community groups• Accountability issues – Big corporations can influence assessment – Ultimately, risk always lies with the public sector13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 21
  22. 22. Keeping the Work• Staff asked to do more – Personal costs – Annuls the benefits?• Barriers to doing more – Politicians? – State/Federal issues? – Reward and punishment issues, and attitudes to risk?13 February 2013 Centre for Policy Development 22

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