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National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse XVII: Teens

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National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse XVII: Teens

  1. 1. NATIONAL SURVEY OF AMERICAN ATTITUDES ON SUBSTANCE ABUSE XVII: TEENS August 22, 2012 A Report by CASAColumbia®
  2. 2. © CASAColumbia 2013 Survey • Nationally representative • Conducted by QEV Analytics, Ltd. By telephone Nationally representative sample of 1,003 teenagers, ages 12- 17 (493 boys, 510 girls) Sampling error  3.1% 2
  3. 3. © CASAColumbia 2013 Advisors Timothy Johnson, Ph.D. Professor, University of Illinois Director, Survey Research Laboratory Robert Shapiro, Ph.D. Professor, Columbia University 3
  4. 4. © CASAColumbia 2013 Top Teen Concerns 4 29 22 16 29 22 21 27 21 18 24 25 16 28 22 15 23 24 17 26 22 14 24 24 12 26 18 11 Nicotine, Alcohol, Drugs Social Pressures Academic Pressures 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Percent
  5. 5. © CASAColumbia 2013 America’s “High” Schools 5
  6. 6. © CASAColumbia 2013 Substance Use During School • 86% of high school students say classmates smoke, drink or use other drugs during the school day • High school students say nearly 1 in 5 of their classmates (17%) smoke, drink or use other drugs during the school day 6
  7. 7. © CASAColumbia 2013 A Safe Haven for Substance Use • 52% of high school students say there is a place where students go to smoke, drink and use other drugs during school • 36% of high school students say it is easy for students to smoke, drink and use other drugs during the school day without getting caught 7
  8. 8. © CASAColumbia 2013 Selling Drugs at School • Almost half of high school students (44%) know of a student who sells illegal drugs at their school 8
  9. 9. © CASAColumbia 2013 Drugs Sold at School 9 Among High School Students Who Know of a Dealer at School, Percent Who Say the Following Drugs Are Sold
  10. 10. © CASAColumbia 2013 Student Substance Use 10 21 55 35 11 32 16 Used TobaccoUsed AlcoholUsed Marijuana Know of a Student Who Sells Drugs at School Don't Know of a Student Who Sells Drugs Percent of High School Students Who Have Used Marijuana, Alcohol or Tobacco, by Whether Students Know of a Drug Dealer at School
  11. 11. © CASAColumbia 2013 My Close Friends Use 11 51 39 Marijuana Nicotine Percent of High School Students Who Say Their Close Friends Use Marijuana, Nicotine
  12. 12. © CASAColumbia 2013 Friends/Classmates Who Use 12 42 23 23 10 10 10 Illegal Drugs (acid, ecstasy, meth, cocaine) Prescription Drugs Over-the-Counter Drugs Know More Than One Know Only One Percent of High School Students Who Say They Know a Friend/Classmate Who Uses
  13. 13. © CASAColumbia 2013 Drug-Infected Schools: Where Drugs Are Used, Kept or Sold On School Grounds 13
  14. 14. © CASAColumbia 2013 Drug-Infected Schools 14 44 53 50 62 51 61 63 64 66 62 60 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Percent of High School Students Who Say Drugs Used, Kept, Sold on School Grounds
  15. 15. © CASAColumbia 2013 Drug-Infected Public and Private Schools 15 46 55 53 66 55 64 65 68 72 69 61 24 32 29 42 29 40 39 39 33 36 54 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Public High School Private High School Percent of High School Students Who Say Drugs Used, Kept, Sold on School Grounds
  16. 16. © CASAColumbia 2013 Drug Use by School Type 16 16 40 24 6 16 7 Used TobaccoUsed AlcoholUsed Marijuana Drug-Infected School Drug-Free School Percent of Teens (Ages 12-17) Who Have Used Marijuana, Alcohol, Nicotine
  17. 17. © CASAColumbia 2013 17 22 26 37 35 8 16 19 17 Marijuana Prescription Drugs Alcohol Cigarettes Drug-Infected School Drug-Free School Drug Access by School Type Percent of Teens (Ages 12-17) Who Can Get Cigarettes, Alcohol and Other Drugs within an Hour
  18. 18. © CASAColumbia 2013 18 50 43 66 60 17 27 38 31 Marijuana Prescription Drugs Alcohol Cigarettes Drug-Infected School Drug-Free School Drug Access by School Type Percent of Teens (Ages 12-17) Who Can Get Cigarettes, Alcohol and Other Drugs within a Day
  19. 19. © CASAColumbia 2013 Social Networking: Digital Peer Pressure 19
  20. 20. © CASAColumbia 2013 • 75% of teens say that seeing pictures on social networking sites of kids partying with alcohol or marijuana encourages other teens to want to party like that • This includes: 79% of 16- to 17-year olds 76% of 14- to 15-year olds 71% of 12- to 13-year olds • Nearly 1/2 of teens ages 12 to 17 (4%) have seen pictures on Facebook, MySpace or another social networking site of kids getting drunk or passed out or using other drugs 20 Substance Use and Social Networking Sites
  21. 21. © CASAColumbia 2013 21 18 50 68 12-13 14-15 16-17 Percent of Teens Who Have Seen Pictures of Kids Drunk or Passed Out or Using Other Drugs on Social Networking Sites, by Age Substance Use and Social Networking Sites
  22. 22. © CASAColumbia 2013 • 47% of teens who have seen pictures on social networking sites of kids getting drunk or passed out or using other drugs say teens in pictures seem to be having a good time • This includes: 39% of 12- to 13-year olds; 39% of 14- to 15-year olds; and 55% of 16- to 17- year olds 22 Substance Use and Social Networking Sites
  23. 23. © CASAColumbia 2013 • 62% of teens say that seeing pictures of teens using marijuana encourages other teens to want to use marijuana; and • 63% of teens say that seeing pictures of teens drinking encourages other teens to want to drink 23 Substance Use and Social Networking Sites
  24. 24. © CASAColumbia 2013 24 25 43 16 6 13 6 Used Marijuana Used Alcohol Used Tobacco Have Seen Have Not Seen Substance Use and Social Networking Sites Percent of Teen Substance Use by Whether They Report Seeing Pictures of Teens Getting Drunk, Passed Out or Using Other Drugs
  25. 25. © CASAColumbia 2013 Parental Supervision 25
  26. 26. © CASAColumbia 2013 26 17 27 42 12-13 14-15 16-17 Home Alone Percent of Teens Who Report Being Left Home Alone Overnight, by Age
  27. 27. © CASAColumbia 2013 27 23 41 20 11 21 7 Marijuana Alcohol Nicotine Home Alone Overnight Never Home Alone Overnight Home Alone and Substance Use Percent of Teens Reporting Substance Use, by Whether or Not They Are Left Home Alone Overnight
  28. 28. © CASAColumbia 2013 Parental Disapproval 28
  29. 29. © CASAColumbia 2013 29 87 72 81 88 74 81 Used Marijuana Drank Alcohol Smoked Cigarettes 2012 2005 Teen Perception of Parental Attitudes Percent of Teens Who Say Parents Would Be Extremely Upset if They Found Out I Smoked, Drank or Used Marijuana
  30. 30. © CASAColumbia 2013 30 24 58 45 7 15 10 Used NicotineUsed AlcoholUsed Marijuana Parents Would Not Be Extremely Upset Parents Would Be Extremely Upset Teen Substance Use and Parental Attitudes Percent of Teens Reporting Substance Use, by Parental Attitudes
  31. 31. © CASAColumbia 2013 31 18 22 34 22 4 OK for Teens to SmokeOK for Teens to Get Drunk OK for Teens to Use Marijuana Teens Reflect Parental Attitudes Parents Would Not Be Extremely Upset Parents Would Be Extremely Upset Percent of Teens Who Think Substance Use is OK, by Parental Disapproval
  32. 32. © CASAColumbia 2013 Stress and Substance Use 32
  33. 33. © CASAColumbia 2013 33 46 54 High Stress (6-10) Low Stress (0-5) Teens and Stress Percent of Teens Reporting High and Low Levels of Stress in Their Lives
  34. 34. © CASAColumbia 2013 34 14 36 22 8 18 8 Used NicotineUsed AlcoholUsed Marijuana High Stress Low Stress Teen Substance Use and Stress Percent of Teens Who Have Used Substances, by Stress Level
  35. 35. © CASAColumbia 2013 35 1 2 2 2 3 4 10 13 56 Money Bullying Social pressures (popularity/fitting in) Sports Balancing school and other activities Drama/friends Other Family/home issues Academic pressure Teens’ #1 Source of Stress Percent
  36. 36. © CASAColumbia 2013 Other Notable Findings 36
  37. 37. © CASAColumbia 2013 37 28 26 25 26 27 26 27 21 19 23 26 15 22 19 14 17 15 14 26 23 24 11 13 19 16 13 10 13 9 9 7 10 5 6 6 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Cigarettes Marijuana Beer Prescription Drugs All Same * Prior to 2010, we asked, "Which is easiest to buy...?" Which Drugs Easiest to Get? Percent of Teens Who Say it is Easiest to Get* Cigarettes, Beer, Marijuana or Prescription Drugs, 2006-2012
  38. 38. © CASAColumbia 2013 38 13 18 27 15 19 26 14 20 27 Marijuana Prescription Drugs Alcohol 2010 2011 2012 Trends in Getting Drugs in an Hour Percent of Teens Who Can Get Marijuana, Prescription Drugs, Alcohol within an Hour
  39. 39. © CASAColumbia 2013 39 29 32 46 31 33 49 31 34 50 Marijuana Prescription Drugs Alcohol 2010 2011 2012 Percent of Teens Who Can Get Marijuana, Prescription Drugs, Alcohol within a Day Trends in Getting Drugs in a Day
  40. 40. © CASAColumbia 2013 40 17 19 25 4 12 25 12-13 14-15 16-17 Prescription Drugs Marijuana Getting Drugs Within an Hour Percent of Teens Who Can Get Marijuana or Prescription Drugs within an Hour, by Age
  41. 41. © CASAColumbia 2013 27 34 41 12 30 52 12-13 14-15 16-17 Prescription Drugs Marijuana 41 Percent of Teens Who Can Get Marijuana or Prescription Drugs within a Day, by Age Getting Drugs Within a Day
  42. 42. © CASAColumbia 2013 42 8 18 9 11 33 18 Used NicotineUsed AlcoholUsed Marijuana 4+/Month 0-3/Month Drug Use and Religious Service Attendance Percent of Teens Who Have Used Marijuana, Alcohol, Nicotine, by How Often Teen Attends Religious Services
  43. 43. © CASAColumbia 2013 Ending Addiction Changes Everything www.casacolumbia.org

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