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The relationship between idaho and the federal government


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Presentation by Dr. Gary Moncrief entitled "The Relationship Between Idaho and the Federal Government" for the "Democratic Models of Political Structures: Old Europe, the Pioneer West and Idaho-Bizkaian Comparisons" symposium September, 2011.

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The relationship between idaho and the federal government

  1. 1. The Relationship Between Idaho and the Federal Government<br />Gary Moncrief<br />University Distinguished Professor of Political Science<br />Boise State University<br />For the <br />Cenarrusa Foundation for Basque Culture<br />Frank Church Institute<br />The Government of the Historic Territory of Bizkaia<br />
  2. 2. A discussion in three parts<br />Part One: A National Perspective<br />Part Two: A Regional Perspective<br />Part Three: An Idaho Perspective<br />
  3. 3. The Evolution of a Federal System<br />
  4. 4. Federalism and regional governments<br />US has more regional units (50 states) than any other democratic federal system<br />India 28 states<br />Brazil 26 states<br />Mexico 31 states<br />Nigeria 36 states<br />Germany 16 lander<br />Canada 10 provinces<br />Australia 6 states<br />
  5. 5. A federal system is a conflictual system<br />Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions 1798, 1799<br />Within 10 years of the founding of the new federal system<br />
  6. 6. “The Framers at Philadelphia launched not only a nation, but an appropriately endless argument over the proper balance between federal and state authority—an argument whose intensity ebbs and flows and whose content evolves, but which is never really settled.”<br />John D. Donahue, Disunited States (1995), p.17<br />
  7. 7. Partisanship and federalism<br />The issue of “States’ Rights” is associated with different political parties at different times and under different circumstances.<br />When the Republican party controls the national government, Democrats often invoke “states’ rights,” especially on social issues.<br />When the Democratic party controls the national government, Republicans often invoke states’ rights, on a broad range of issues.<br />
  8. 8. Recent issues and the tension in federalism nationally<br />Patriot Act renewal<br />NCLB<br />Real ID Act<br />Healthcare<br />Defense of Marriage Act<br />Internet sales tax<br />Immigration<br />Marijuana<br />
  9. 9. Recent challenges to the current system <br />Madison Amendment<br />The Repeal Amendment<br />Nullification<br />Repeal of the 17th Amendment<br />
  10. 10. A Regional Perspective<br />The West in general, and the Intermountain West in particular, has a long history of tense relations with the federal government.<br />For the most part, this stems from issues of the physical environment: public lands, water, environmental policy, endangered species act<br />
  11. 11. “The Sagebrush Rebellion”<br />Thirty years ago, almost entirely a western phenomenon, centering on policies administered by federal agencies (US Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management in particular) on public lands.<br />
  12. 12. Other issues with a particular resonance in the West<br />Immigration<br />Water<br />Environmental laws/regulations<br />Gun control<br />
  13. 13. An Idaho Perspective<br />Like other western states, Idaho sometimes has a tense relationship with federal public land management agencies<br />But there have been other issues: Both the shipment into Idaho at the INEEL and the ultimate disposal of radioactive waste has put Idaho Governors at odds with the Federal Government (1989 Cecil Andrus; Gov. Batt, Kempthorne subsequently)<br />
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  16. 16. Health care and other issues<br />The Nullification movement<br />In-state manufacture of firearms<br />Wolf management<br />
  17. 17. Recent legislative action in Idaho<br />2007 Real ID Nullification Act<br />2009 “10th Amendment” Resolution, asserting state sovereignty<br />2010 Health Care Freedom Act<br />2010 Firearms Freedom Act<br />
  18. 18. Judicial action includes filing suit to block Health Care Act<br />
  19. 19. Federal Aid to Idaho<br />Idaho is a “net recipient” (Federal Spending in Idaho was $1.21 per $1.00 paid by Idahoans in federal taxes in 2005, a typical year) <br />17 states received less than they paid; 8 states received less than 80% of what they paid (CA, IL, NY). New Jersey received only 61% of what they paid.<br />Source: The Tax Foundation<br />
  20. 20. The Budget Deficit and Federal Stimulus<br />In a typical year, about one-third of the money passing through the Idaho State Budget are federal funds.<br />In 2010, 40% of the Idaho total budget was federal funding. This included the usual federal grants-in-aid plus a substantial amount of “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act” relief from the federal government.<br />
  21. 21. The federal stimulus funds<br />
  22. 22. Idaho headlines<br />“Otter to lawmakers: Time to decide whether to take fed $, or let feds design Idaho insurance exchange”-Eye on Boise<br />“Idaho officials have eye on federal grant for preschool ed”<br /> --Idaho Statesman<br />“Schools Conserve Energy to Save Cash—in Idaho and other states, federal stimulus money has paid for efficiency audits and upgrades” --Idaho Statesman<br />
  23. 23. Summary<br />Many people have genuine concerns about the reach of the federal government today, and the “states’ rights” movement is stronger today than it has been in quite some time.<br />But federalism is a complex relationship involving political/partisan considerations; ideology and political theory; judicial interpretation, administrative rules and regulations, national and state statutes, financial realities, and shifting issues.<br />