Idaho Local Governments

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By Dr. Jim Weatherby - Professor Emeritus at Boise State University

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Idaho Local Governments

  1. 1. Idaho Local Governments: Profiles, Powers, and Partnerships Jim Weatherby Professor Emeritus Boise State University
  2. 2. Profiles <ul><li>“ Never have so few been governed by so many” </li></ul><ul><li>Special Purpose Local Governments </li></ul><ul><li>-School, Highway, Fire Districts </li></ul><ul><li>(15 other types of governments) </li></ul><ul><li>-Elected officials, budget setting </li></ul>
  3. 3. Profiles <ul><li>General Purpose Local Governments </li></ul><ul><li>Counties: Administrative Arms of State </li></ul><ul><li>Property Tax, Courts, Record Keeping </li></ul><ul><li>Elections </li></ul><ul><li>Cities: Municipal Corporations </li></ul><ul><li>2001 Cities (Excluding Lost River) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Profiles <ul><li>Local Government Revenue Limitation </li></ul><ul><li>Fragmentation of Local Service Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Local Governments and Public Opinion </li></ul>
  5. 5. From which level of government do you think you get the most from your tax money? Boise State University Public Policy Center 20th Public Policy Survey
  6. 8. Powers <ul><li>Local Governments and the US Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Local Discretionary Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Unitary system in state-local relations </li></ul><ul><li>“ Our destiny is in Boise” </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of 19 th Century Judge’s Opinion </li></ul><ul><li>(a.k.a. Dillon’s Rule: local governments </li></ul><ul><li> are creatures of the state – need for </li></ul><ul><li> express delegation) </li></ul>
  7. 9. Powers <ul><li>Home Rule Efforts in Idaho </li></ul><ul><li>Charters and “Municipal Affairs” Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Residual Powers Provision </li></ul><ul><li>Idaho Local Self-Government Act of 1976 </li></ul><ul><li>-Idaho Supreme Court has ignored </li></ul><ul><li>-Idaho cities charter in state code </li></ul><ul><li>(See Nevada, it could be worse) </li></ul>
  8. 10. Partnerships <ul><li>Tension in the US intergovernmental system </li></ul><ul><li>“ We don’t know how to talk to each </li></ul><ul><li>other any more” Sam Mamet </li></ul><ul><li>“ The system is pervaded by a lack of </li></ul><ul><li>trust and respect … (IGR) is about </li></ul><ul><li>stealing from each other … many public officials act as if other officials are enemy </li></ul><ul><li>aliens than being all in it together.” </li></ul>
  9. 11. Partnerships <ul><li>Mandates and Preemption </li></ul><ul><li>Intergovernmental Lobbying </li></ul><ul><li>City and county associations </li></ul><ul><li>The PIGs </li></ul>
  10. 12. Partnerships <ul><li>Idaho Intergovernmental Cooperation Act </li></ul><ul><li>Investment Pool </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Purchasing </li></ul><ul><li>Law Enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual Aid Agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Registration to Election Consolidation </li></ul>
  11. 13. Public/Private Partnerships: Economic Development <ul><li>Impact of Local Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>“ America’s economy is made up of a diverse mix of local economies.” H. Cisneros </li></ul><ul><li>“ Thus, the economy of this nation is to a great extent, a composite of the effects of all decisions made in America’s cities about the future of growth in their own economies.” Gerald Gordon </li></ul>
  12. 14. Public/Private Partnerships <ul><li>Building Coalitions (Public Policy 101) </li></ul><ul><li>Governmental entities (S/L) </li></ul><ul><li>-supportive roles, regulatory effects, </li></ul><ul><li> overall business climate, workforce </li></ul><ul><li> training </li></ul><ul><li>Businesses </li></ul><ul><li>-leadership role, attracting and retaining businesses (ED financial support) </li></ul>
  13. 15. Public/Private Partnerships <ul><li>Educational Partners </li></ul><ul><li>(community college, universities, </li></ul><ul><li> public schools) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of basic education for workers and their families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training and retraining for targeted businesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for skilled workforce </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. Concluding Remarks <ul><li>Need for local government autonomy and determining what it means </li></ul><ul><li>Need to recognize limits of local government autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Need for intergovernmental communications mechanism </li></ul><ul><li>Need for state and federal officials to have local and civic experience </li></ul>

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